Gothic art was born in Europe in the XII - XIV th centuries, in a period
of great economic and social transformations. The term Gothic was
used by Italian humanists as a synonym for BARBARIC to distinguish
it from ROMANICO. lts birth was around 1140 when the choir of the
abbey of SAINT-DENIS was built in France, and then developed in the
rest of Europe until arriving in Italy.
FRANCE: gothic art was born in
Ile de France during the XIIth
Notre-Dame de Paris
XIV-XVth centuries: « flamboyant
gothic »: big rose windows, very high
THE GOTHIC STYLE ARRIVED IN POLAND
IN FIRST HALF THE 13TH CENTURY
WITH DOMINICAN AND FRANCISCAN
THE GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE –
THE GOTHIC STYLE WAS STRONGLY CONNECTED
WITH BRICK BUILDING. THE CHURCHES WERE
SOARING, PILLARS WITH CHARACTERISTIC WALLS
SUPPORTED THE VAULT, WINDOWS WERE SMALL
AND WALLS WERE WITHOUT DECORATIONS.
BUILDINGS WERE DECORATED
BY OPENWORK TOPS.
- Castles: castel in Malbork, castel in
- Town Halls: in Wrocław, Toruń,
- Gothic Houses: Kopernick House in Toruń,
Długosz House in Sandomierz, Collegium
Maius in Kraków.
St Cross and
Sculpture and painting
The most famous sculpturer in Gothic time was Wit Stwosz, creator of altar
in Mariacki Church. Most sculptures were anonymous and presented
Beautiful Madonnas for example Madonna from Krużlowa. The most
important place of Gothic painting was Kraków. Works of art were
anonymous and were connected with religion. In this time we can find
different kind of paintings like: wall's, book's, board's or stained glass
window's. One of the most beautiful examples of Gothic painting in Poland
is „Zdjęcie z Krzyża” (Taking off from the Cross) from Chomranice.
Madonna from Krużlowa
Gothic frescoes in the Church
of Varena, author unknown.
The Cistercian Gothic architecture is
still called a "Burgundian" from
Burgundy where they built the first
abbeys of the Order.
Gothic style is present in all the arts:
The arch of the cathedral of Milan ...
The sarcophagus shows the influence
of French Gothic sculpture, which had
In painting we see the development of panel paintings,
which CRUCIFIXES and PALE ALTAR…
Gothic Crucifix Painful
San Domenico e Sant'Agostino
Perugia, Galleria Nazionale
The Gothic style was expressed in the cathedrals built in
all the most important European cities.
Cathedral of Milan
damaged several times by birds
was rebuilt in the Gothic style
but the oldest parts arein the Romanesque style.
• Scuola secundaria
Cavallo et Morelli
• Klaudia Lulek
• Gimnazjum Papieza
Jana Pawla II
• Nowa Deba