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W8 organizational design  design and strategy
 

W8 organizational design design and strategy

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    W8 organizational design  design and strategy W8 organizational design design and strategy Presentation Transcript

    • Organizational Design – Organizational Structure
      Team teaching
      Laboratory of Sytem Development and Industrial Management (PSMI)
      Departemen of Industrial Engineering
      Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)
      2011
    • Alignment Framework
      Business
      Strategy
      Organization
      Structure
      Human Resources
      Management
      “HR systems and theorganization structure should be managed in a way that is congruent withorganizational strategy (hence the name ‘matching model)”
      (Fombrun et al, 1984).
      2
    • The Strategic Choice Approach to Organization Design
      3
      Strategy menentukan struktur organisasi
    • GENERIC STRATEGY I
      Porter’s Five Generic Competitive Strategies
      Type of Advantage Sought
      Differentiation
      Lower Cost
      Overall Low-Cost
      Provider
      Strategy
      Broad
      Differentiation
      Strategy
      Broad
      Range of Buyers
      Best-Cost
      Provider
      Strategy
      Market Target
      Focused
      Low-Cost
      Strategy
      Focused
      Differentiation
      Strategy
      Narrow
      Buyer
      Segment
      or Niche
    • GENERIC STRATEGY II
      Cost leadership strategy
      Organizations seek to become low-cost producers of goods and services.
      Their goal is to develop efficient production methods that enable them to sell at a lower price than competitors
    • Differentiation strategy
      Organizations using this strategy seek to produce goods and services that are somehow superior to the goods and services provided by competitors.
      Their goal is to create unique value for which customers are willing to pay a higher price
      GENERIC STRATEGY II
    • Tracy & Wiersema’s Generic Strategies
      Product Leadership
      Operational Excellence
      Customer Intimacy
      Copyright 2004 Prentice Hall
      7
      GENERIC STRATEGY III
    • GENERIC STRATEGY IV
      © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
      8
    • Organization Structure: Its Determinants and Outcomes
      © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
      9
    • Copyright 2004 Prentice Hall
      10
      Why Do Structures Differ?
      Reviewing MECHANISTIC versus ORGANIC
    • © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
      Why Do Structures Differ?
      11
    • © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
      Why Do Structures Differ?
      12
    • Mechanistic Versus Organic Models
      © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
      13
    • Copyright 2004 Prentice Hall
      14
      Why Do Structures Differ?
      Reviewing MECHANISTIC versus ORGANIC
    • Naomi Stanford, Guide to Organization Design, Profile Books Ltd, 2007
      15
    • Why Do Structures Differ?
      The Strategy-Structure Relationship
      © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
      16
    • Naomi Stanford, Guide to Organization Design, Profile Books Ltd, 2007
      17
    • Alfred Chandler’s “structure follows strategy” concept assumes the necessity for organizational structural design changes to meet the demands of strategic goals.
      18