W8 organizational design  design and strategy
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W8 organizational design design and strategy

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W8 organizational design  design and strategy W8 organizational design design and strategy Presentation Transcript

  • Organizational Design – Organizational Structure
    Team teaching
    Laboratory of Sytem Development and Industrial Management (PSMI)
    Departemen of Industrial Engineering
    Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)
    2011
  • Alignment Framework
    Business
    Strategy
    Organization
    Structure
    Human Resources
    Management
    “HR systems and theorganization structure should be managed in a way that is congruent withorganizational strategy (hence the name ‘matching model)”
    (Fombrun et al, 1984).
    2
  • The Strategic Choice Approach to Organization Design
    3
    Strategy menentukan struktur organisasi
  • GENERIC STRATEGY I
    Porter’s Five Generic Competitive Strategies
    Type of Advantage Sought
    Differentiation
    Lower Cost
    Overall Low-Cost
    Provider
    Strategy
    Broad
    Differentiation
    Strategy
    Broad
    Range of Buyers
    Best-Cost
    Provider
    Strategy
    Market Target
    Focused
    Low-Cost
    Strategy
    Focused
    Differentiation
    Strategy
    Narrow
    Buyer
    Segment
    or Niche
  • GENERIC STRATEGY II
    Cost leadership strategy
    Organizations seek to become low-cost producers of goods and services.
    Their goal is to develop efficient production methods that enable them to sell at a lower price than competitors
  • Differentiation strategy
    Organizations using this strategy seek to produce goods and services that are somehow superior to the goods and services provided by competitors.
    Their goal is to create unique value for which customers are willing to pay a higher price
    GENERIC STRATEGY II
  • Tracy & Wiersema’s Generic Strategies
    Product Leadership
    Operational Excellence
    Customer Intimacy
    Copyright 2004 Prentice Hall
    7
    GENERIC STRATEGY III
  • GENERIC STRATEGY IV
    © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
    8
  • Organization Structure: Its Determinants and Outcomes
    © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
    9
  • Copyright 2004 Prentice Hall
    10
    Why Do Structures Differ?
    Reviewing MECHANISTIC versus ORGANIC
  • © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
    Why Do Structures Differ?
    11
  • © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
    Why Do Structures Differ?
    12
  • Mechanistic Versus Organic Models
    © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
    13
  • Copyright 2004 Prentice Hall
    14
    Why Do Structures Differ?
    Reviewing MECHANISTIC versus ORGANIC
  • Naomi Stanford, Guide to Organization Design, Profile Books Ltd, 2007
    15
  • Why Do Structures Differ?
    The Strategy-Structure Relationship
    © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved.
    16
  • Naomi Stanford, Guide to Organization Design, Profile Books Ltd, 2007
    17
  • Alfred Chandler’s “structure follows strategy” concept assumes the necessity for organizational structural design changes to meet the demands of strategic goals.
    18