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The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action
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The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action

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"The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action " …

"The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action "

Francesco Degli Innocenti
Ecology of Products and Environmental Communication, Director Novamont

http://www.novamont.com

fdi@novamont.com

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • 1. The bioplastics – High potential through coordinated action Francesco Degli Innocenti Ecology of Products and Environmental Communication, Director Novamont fdi@novamont.com 1
  • 2. Bio-based products are of high societal and economic interest and fit into the EU strategies•  Use of renewable resources•  Support to rural development•  Less dependency on limited and increasingly expensive fossil resources•  The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (carbon neutral / low carbon impact)•  The potential for sustainable industrial production•  Increased industrial competitiveness through innovative eco-efficient bio-based products •  Biodegradability or compostability •  Often low toxicity •  Green energy recovery 2
  • 3. 3
  • 4. Bio-based products are of high societal and economic interest and fit into the EU strategies•  EUROPE 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth•  EUROPE 2020 Flagship Initiative "Innovation Union"•  Lead market for bio-based products•  Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (COM(2003) 572)•  Communication from the Commission – Taking sustainable use of resources forward: A Thematic Strategy on the Prevention and Recycling of Waste (COM(2005) 666 final)•  Commission Communication on More Research & Innovation – A Common Approach including the lead market initiative•  The Waste Framework Directive (Directive 2008/98/EC) for a better management of material resources and improved resource efficiency•  2006/144/EC: Council Decision of 20 February 2006 on Community strategic guidelines for rural development (programming period 2007 to 2013) 4
  • 5. Bio-based products already exist 5
  • 6. Biodegradable bioplastics Bio-based plastics 6
  • 7. However•  Renewable raw materials are still only used in certain product categories and mostly manufactured in small volumes. and therefore•  Early markets of sufficient scale are needed to justify investments, bring down unit production costs, generate higher returns on investment, and reduce risks for investors and entrepreneurs. 7
  • 8. 8
  • 9. Push: The EC s Lead Market Initiative•  Legislation promoting market development•  Encourage GPP for bio-based products•  Standards, labels and certification•  Financing and funding of research 9
  • 10. An EU landscape that support bioplastics where they can add value can decisively push the market growth 10
  • 11. A real case: the Italian ban on plastic carrier bagsPULL: the separate collection of biowaste is in place in several regions in Italy.PULL: compostable bioplastic bags for the collection of biowaste are accepted in the bio-bin and well considered by municipalities, composters and citizens as a tool for separate collectionPULL: an industrial chain for producing bioplastics is developedPUSH: only certified compostable biobags are allowed for separate collection of biowaste (law 152)PUSH: a recent law in Italy has imposed a ban on non-biodegradable single-use carrier bags. Biodegradable and compostable bags are exempted. Re-use as bags for biowaste collection is suggested ( use and re-use ) by mass retailers. 11
  • 12. This is causing 3 results:(1) prevention of packaging waste due to a shift towards long life reusable bags (about 50% decrease in single-use carrier bags1; education of consumers)(2) sudden increase of biodegradable plastic carrier bags volumes, promoting a new industrial chain (innovation; economic development) (just for the mass retailers sectors: at least 40.000-60.000 ton, according to some estimations)(3) improvements on organic waste collection quality1 Italian Ministry of Environment ANALISI DI IMPATTO DELLA REGOLAMENTAZIONE (A.I.R.) 12 (all . "A" alla direttiva P .C.M. 11 settembre 2008 - G .U . n . 257 del 2008)
  • 13. Pull: Industry s role•  Industry is ready to collaborate to enhance market demand for sustainable bio-based products, in order to exploit the positive•  environmental (soil, water and emissions),•  economic (strengthening international competitiveness of bio-based products), and•  social (in terms of rural development) characteristics of bio-based products. 13
  • 14. Push: The role of European Institutions1.  Make sure the official legal definition of biowaste does not exclude bioplastics (biodegradable and bio-based)2.  No discrimination should be applied to the compost produced from feedstock containing bioplastics (certified according to EN13432) 14
  • 15. Many thanks for your attention 15
  • 16. ANNEXLegislative fine-tuning that can help the creation of a favourable landscape forbiodegradable and compostable bioplastics 16
  • 17. 17

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