CTM Program: Terminology, Vocabularies, and BIM

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Development of controlled vocabularies by CSI, CSC, Netherlands, Norway, and others to establish an international buildingSMART Dictionary (IFD), its importance and benefits to practitioners, …

Development of controlled vocabularies by CSI, CSC, Netherlands, Norway, and others to establish an international buildingSMART Dictionary (IFD), its importance and benefits to practitioners, interoperability, and BIM development for the AEC Industry.

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  • 1. Terminology, Vocabularies and BIM Roger Grant, CSI, CDT Stephen Hagan, FAIAIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 2. About interoperability• EU Commission through IDABC (Interoperable Delivery of European eGovernment Services to public Administrations, Businesses and Citizens) – The aspects of interoperability identified as being in need of consideration by the European Interoperability Framework v.1.0 (EIF) are: Organizational, Semantic and Technical interoperability (EIF, section 2.1.2)• For buildingSMART this corresponds to IDM, IFD Library and IFCIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 3. About interoperability• Beyond the ability of two or more computer systems to exchange information, semantic interoperability is the ability to automatically interpret the information exchanged meaningfully and accurately in order to produce useful results as defined by the end users of both systems.• Meaning of language, definitions…• Terms and the relationship between terms …IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 4. Interoperability through standards ISO 10303-203, 209, 212, 214, 239, IFC (ISO 16739) ASD 9300-110 Aeronautics & Space Built Environment (AEC-BIM) Digital Storage ISO 15926-2 PLCS (ISO 10303-239), ASD/AIA S1000D, ADL SCORM Oil & Gas DefenseIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 5. IFD Library• Objectives – semantic interoperability in B&C sector – Open, international and multilingual Library based on the principles of ISO 12006-3, 2007 – Financially non-profit but self- supporting – Operate as a group under buildingSMART International – Support implementation of buildingSMART technology in the global building and construction industry through extension of IFC and integration of IFC with IDM – Provide for controlled use of content – Wide use and adoptionIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 6. IFD Library – a mapping mechanism In a CAD systemIn a briefing document IFD dictionary Properties Properties Properties In a calculation systemIn product catalogues Properties Properties In a Facility management systemIn classification systems Properties Properties For demolition and reconstructionIn building specifications Properties Properties IFD Library Group CSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 7. IFD Library• IFD Library provides: – A generic API and content – Multilingual and translation capabilities – Unique global reference to any concept – GUID – IFC model enrichment and link to product specific data – Database of terminology, definitions and relationships – A way to structure librariesIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 8. IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 9. Product Data without StructureIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 10. Product Data with StructureIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 11. Classification of Product Data - OmniClassIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 12. IFD Library Product Thickness 92 millimeter Hand of door Right Width 890 millimeter Height 2090 millimeter Material + MDF = Surface finishing Painted Color NCS S0502 Hinge 2465 snap-inIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 13. Window in IFD LibraryIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 14. IFD Library statusContent• Agreed how to handle classification• Norway – generic properties and definitions for products – Generic products – Classification• The Netherlands – LexiCon data – comprehensive terminology – Content management tool• US and Canada Timber – Generic terminology Planed timber Structural timber Precision timber – Product Data (SPie, IFACT) – Classification Glued laminated timber (glulam) Roof truss Structural timber• Others Floor board Plain edge spruce Indoor paneling – Increased interest – working to clarify how Indoor sub paneling Trim Outdoor panelingIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 15. IFD Library statusContentBuilding products in NorwayIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 16. Mapping accross classification systems NS3457 (NO) 7 Health facilities CI-SfB (NL) 4 Health, welfare facilities 71 Hospitals 41 Hospital facilities 713 Regional hospitals 411 Teaching hospitals Concept Example SSB Kartverket (NO) 7 Health facilities Uniclass (UK) D4 Medical, health, welfare facilitie 71 Hospitals D41 Medical facilities (hospitals) 719 Hospitals D412 District general hospitals BE PBL (NO) Risk Fire: ???? Omniclass (US) 11-13 00 00 Public service Energy use: Hospital 11-13 24 00 Health facilities Control class: Hospital 11-13 24 11 Hospital Forsvarsbygg EBA (NO) Bygg.kl.94 (SF) F Buildings for institutional care New Ahus 30 Medical services F21 Health care buildings Regional university hospital F211 General hospital take up area 330.000 w/o some specialities Eurostat CC (EU) 1 Building 12 Non residential DBK 2006 (DK) N Treatment, care NA Treatment of illness NC Nursing 126 Public entertainment, education, hospitals NAB Treatment building NCE Bedward 1264 Hospitals, ints. care buildings BKI (DE) BCA (AU) Class 9a 3000 Gebäude des gesundheitswesens A health-care building, including those parts of 3200 Krankenhäuser, universitätskliniken the building set aside as a laboratory. IFD Library Group CSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 17. Construction Industry Terminology Initiative IFD Library Group CSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 18. IFACT Additional Criteria: • Standard in use and adopted by industry (longevity): OmniClass – Standard for the National Building Information Modeling StandardTM (NBIMS) which is a standard under the buildingSMARTallianceTM – Standard for Construction Operations Building Information ExchangeTM (COBIE) which is also a standard for NBIMS and the Whole Building Design Guide under the National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS). – UniFormat (CSI) – Master Format (CSI)IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 19. Specifiers Property information exchange (Spie)Project• SPie = Specifiers Properties information exchange• Identify basic properties needed on a BIM object to connect to Specifications• Identify for information needed about products to integrate with Specifications• Identify information needed about products at handover to support facility management and meet COBIE needsIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 20. IFD Library ProjectsDevelopment projects• Technical - commercial – Product Database Connection – Cost calculation – Search engine – Offline API• Commercial development• Not by IFD Library – use of IFD Library• Expect commercial implementation available in 2011IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 21. Get involvedIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 22. IFD Library GroupHow to get involved• IFD Library Group Observer: – Company/organization with interest in IFD Library and/or pursuing project using IFD – Sign up and receive information about development and open sessions • CATENDA / EPM / Fraunhofer - Norway • Digicon – Canada • NATSPEC – Australia • BSD / ARCOM / Autodesk - USA • AEC3 / RIBA – UK • buildingSMART Korea • buildingSMART Finland • …and several more underway – Access to .Net toolkit – Access to document handling system (PIM) – Fill out observer form www.ifd-library.orgIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 23. IFD Library – more information• http://www.ifd-library.org – IFD Library website• http://dev.ifd-library.org/ – The IFD Library technical documentation• References – IFD Library Charter – IFD Library Business Plan – IFD Library White Paper – IFD Library Use Case Paper – IFD Library Technical ToolsIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 24. NETWORKING INFORMATION AND MODELS Why is it Important? Our 21st Century ChallengeIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 25. The Problem• Today – Buildings are 31% of Global CO2 generation – Buildings have the largest share of energy use of all sectors (38%) – HVAC is largest share (38%) of a building’s energy use • ...and is dramatically affected by the performance of the envelope... – Almost 40% of building energy could be saved by air tight and well-constructed building envelopes – Envelopes are also the biggest source of A/E and Construction Liability claims – 80%IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 26. National Priority• U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 – Title IV – Sec 401. Definitions - High Performance Building - The term “high-performance building” means a building that integrates and optimizes on a life cycle basis all major high performance attributes, including energy conservation, environment, safety, security, durability, cost-benefit, productivity, sustainability, functionality, and operational considerations.• Better Buildings Initiative – The White House, February 3, 2011IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 27. Our 21st Century Challenge• Lots of Research and Dedicated Industry efforts – NIBS Building Enclosure Councils – At least 4 Dept of Energy laboratory efforts – ASHRAE standards developments – USGBC LEED and Envelope Commissioning Requirements – International Focus and StandardsIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 28. GSA BIM Guide—The Drive for Open Standard BIM Vendors Autodesk Architectural Desktop Revit Bentley Graphisoft Onuma Consultants Solibri Digital AlchemyIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 29. Priorities—The GSA BIM Guide Series 01—Overview 02—Spatial Program Validation 03—3D Imaging 04—4D Phasing 05—Energy Performance and Operation 06—Circulation and Security Validation 07—Building Elements 08 – Facility ManagementIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 30. http://www.gsa.gov/bimIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 31. Our 21st Century Challenge• But is there a Focus to these efforts?• And What Role could BIM + IPD play• AISC showed us the way – The CISS2 Steel Standard is both an internationally recognized interoperable standard...but also adopted by AISC as the default method for doing work in their Manual of Practice. – Steel does things virtually, as a standard of practice.IFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 32. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 33. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 34. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 35. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 36. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 37. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 38. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 39. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 40. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 41. Our 21st Century Challenge: AISC Role ModelIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 42. Our 21st Century Challenge: The Building Envelope “...within this decade...”• We will be able design and construct building envelopes – Virtually before reality,• Testing and Simulating the Entire Envelope – against a multitude of energy, seismic, structural and other environmental forcesIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 43. Our 21st Century Challenge: The Building Envelope “...within this decade...”• Rapidly iterating – Design, product, and construction alternatives• Virtually Engaging and Collaborating – Architects, specifiers, building product manufacturers, constructors (prime and sub), and trades in collaborationIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011
  • 44. Let’s Talk! Roger J. Grant, CSI, CDT rogerjgrant@gmail.com Stephen R Hagan, FAIA stephen.hagan@gsa.govIFD Library GroupCSI NOVA Chapter April 13, 2011