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Past Tense

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It's about Past Tense. It has an interesting explanation as well as activities.

It's about Past Tense. It has an interesting explanation as well as activities.

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  • 1. THE PAST SIMPLE Nouf Ahmad Al-Harbi
  • 2. THE TYPES OF VERBS
    • There are many types of verbs, but we are going to talk about
    • . Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs - A regular verb (also known as a weak verb ) forms its past tense and past participle by adding -d or -ed (or in some cases -t ) to the base form : "We finished the project." - An irregular verb (also known as a strong verb ) doesn't form the past tense by adding -d or -ed : "Gus ate the wrapper on his candy bar."
  • 3. REGULAR VERBS FORM
    • Adding -ed to verbs with all pronouns
            • I- He- It.....
            • Walk  walk ed
            • Work  work ed
            • Stay  stay ed
            • Play  play ed
  • 4. EXCEPTIONS
    • 1) trap– tra pped This verb ends with one vowel + one consonant, so you need to double the consonant.
    • 2) shar e – shar ed
    • This verb ends with e, so you just need to add D.
    • 3) re l y – rel ied
    • This verb ends with consonant + y, so you need to change the y to i and add -ED.
    • 4) pani c – pani cked
    • This verb ends with –c, so you need to add –ked.
  • 5. IRREGULAR VERBS FORM
    • The form CHANGES from infinitives, usually with a vowel change. *
    • * Can be grouped according to certain change patterns, which helps to memorize them.
  • 6. SOME IRREGULAR VERBS’ EXAMPLES
  • 7.
      • I
      • he
      • she
      • it
    VERB TO BE
    • you
    • We
    • they
    was were
  • 8. NEGATIVE SENTENCES
    • DID NOT (Didn’t)+ VERB (base form)
      • Example: I did not play yesterday
      • or
      • I didn’t play yesterday
  • 9. NEGATIVE SENTENCES VERB TO BE
    • WAS / WERE + NOT
    • Examples:
    • I was not happy yesterday.
      • They were not at home last weekend.
  • 10. YES /NO QUESTIONS
    • DID +S(subject)+ MV(main verb) +comp(rest of the sentence) ?
      • Example:
      • Did you swim yesterday?
      • - Yes, I did.
      • - No, I didn’t .
  • 11. YES /NO QUESTIONS VERB TO BE
    • WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence ?
      • Example:
      • Were you born in USA?
      • - Yes, I was.
      • - No, I wasn’t .
  • 12. USES OF PAST SIMPLE 1-Completed Action in the Past Example: I saw a movie yesterday.
  • 13.
    • 2-A Series of Completed Actions
    • Example:
    • He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00.
  • 14. 3-Duration in Past Example: I lived in London for three years.
  • 15. 4-Habits in the Past Example: She studied French when she was a child.
  • 16.
    • 5-Past Facts or Generalizations
    • Example :
    • I didn’t like banana before.
  • 17. EXERCISES
    • Change the following statements into past.
    • 1. She ( drink ) milk this morning
    • 2. I ( am not ) hungry yesterday.
    • 3. You ( are ) lazy last week.
    • 4. ( Do ) your mother ( cook ) food yesterday?
    • 5. The gardener ( cut ) the trees last month.
  • 18.
    • The End

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