Foundation of curriculum

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  • 1. Foundation of CurriculumBy Noureen Arshad Anam Shehzadi
  • 2. Foundation of CurriculumFoundations are the forces that influence the minds of curriculum developers.In this way these effect the content and structure of the curriculum.
  • 3. Foundation of CurriculumIt includes the following• Philosophical Foundation• Psychological Foundation• Sociological foundation• Economical Foundation• Historical Foundation
  • 4. Philosophical FoundationIt is concerned with beliefs.• What is real --- ONTOLOGY• What is true --- EPISTEMOLOGY• What is good – AXIOLOGY
  • 5. Psychological Foundation Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior. It gives insight into: • Child development • Learning • Inquiry techniques • Educational objectives • Student characteristics • Learning process • Teaching method • Evaluation procedures
  • 6. Sociological FoundationSociology is the study of social relationships, institutions and society.It includes• Value of society• Media explosion• New forms of cooperation• Culture etc.
  • 7. Economical FoundationIt focuses on:• Job or market oriented curriculum• Skill learning
  • 8. Historical Foundations It includes • Role of curriculum in achievements of nations. • Guides future plans • Factors that influence development of nation e.g. unity • Eliminates the useless traditions.