New and renewable energy policy and investment in thailand 05-jun-13
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  • 1. New and Renewable Energy Policy andInvestment in ThailandDrDr TwarathTwarath SutabutrSutabutrDr.Dr. TwarathTwarath SutabutrSutabutrDeputy DirectorDeputy Director--GeneralGeneralD f Al i E D l d Effi iD f Al i E D l d Effi iDepartment of Alternative Energy Development and EfficiencyDepartment of Alternative Energy Development and EfficiencyThailandThailandRenewable Energy Asia 2013 : New Opportunitiesin the ASEAN Community5 June 201315 June 2013BITEC, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2. ContentThailand’s Energy Situation and Energy policyThailand’s Energy Situation and Energy policy1.Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) andSupporting MeasuresAlternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) andSupporting Measures2.Case Study of Integrating Renewable Energyinto the Grid : “ I-sarn ”Case Study of Integrating Renewable Energyinto the Grid : “ I-sarn ”3.Test bed of “ DC-PV Micro-grid”Test bed of “ DC-PV Micro-grid”4.Recent InitiativesRecent Initiatives5.Key Take-awaysKey Take-aways6.2
  • 3. 1 Thailand’s Energy Situation1. Thailand s Energy Situationand Energy policy
  • 4. Black Out in The South of Thailand
  • 5. Thailand’s Energy situation in 2012Total Energy Consumption in 2012 = 73,316 ktoeFinal energy consumption by economic sectorAgricultureCommercialFinal energy consumption by economic sectorTotal Energy Use2.0 million barrelsIndustryResidential(oil equivalent) per day=1.9 trillion bahtTransportationTransportationEnergy import value in 2012 = 1.125 trillion baht5gy p(Sharing 18% of GDP)=> 77% of import value = Crude Oil
  • 6. Thailand’s Energy Situation in 2012P i f I d D i P d iP i f I d D i P d iProportion of Import and Domestic ProductionProportion of Import and Domestic ProductionDomestic production Import Import ValueCrude oil 15 85Domestic production Import927p(103 million baht)PetroliumProductsCrude oil99 1 10CoalNatural Gas49745126 13640ElectricityCoal96 4 120 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1001 125Total 1,125TotalImport 81% of oil consumptionImport 56% of overall energydemand 6
  • 7. Thailand’s Electricity Situation in 2012Thai Electricity ChallengesIncreased and fluctuated world oil/gas priceThai Electricity ChallengesLimited petroleum reservedneeds to import 85 % of supply70% of electricity supply depends on Natural GasLacking of public acceptance on Energy projects7affects long term energy security
  • 8. Import Electricity form neighborsCHINACapacity :Capacity : 694694,,000000 MWMWSources : wikipedia.orgMYANMARCapacity :Capacity : 3939,,720720 MWMWSouces : Ministry of Power, IndiaLAO PDRCapacity :Capacity : 2626 000000 MWMWCapacity :Capacity : 2626,,000000 MWMWSources : United NationsCAMBODIACAMBODIA8Capacity :Capacity : 1010,,000000 MWMWSources : European Commission
  • 9. 2Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP)d S U d t d P li i2and Some Updated Policies
  • 10. Renewable Energy Policies• Critical Factors of Renewable EnergyDissemination :Dissemination :1 Government policies on “Target & Incentives”1. Government policies on Target & Incentives2 How much the existing “National Grid” can2. How much the existing National Grid cantake up RE powertake up RE-power3 “G id P it ” RE C t El t i it T iff3. “Grid Parity” : RE Cost vs. ElectricityTariff
  • 11. How we count RE….F il f lPower Generation 1.3 %(Solar/Wind/Biomass/MSW/Biogas)Fossil fuelsRenewable Energy& Traditional BiomassSmall HydroPower 0.1%Power 0.1%ImportedHydro power Heat 6.9%(Solar/Biomass/MSW/Biogas)RenewableEnergy(under AEDP)9 9 %LargeHydro power/MSW/Biogas)9.9 %Biofuels 1.6%Traditional RE 10.5%
  • 12. Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP)Committed to the developmentof low-carbon societyGovernmentFundingOn R & D & DActivitiesPrivate-LedInvestment10 years Alternative Energy-Development Plan (AEDP-MasterPl 2012 2021)Activities InvestmentPlan 2012-2021)Target 25 % of RE (excl. Large Dams, Imported Hydro & Traditional Biomass)in Total Energy Consumption By 2021solar windBio-energybiomass Bio-gas MSWHydro power plantSmallMicroPumped-StorageNew energyOcean& TidalGeothermalBiofuelsEthanolBio-diesel2nd –Gen.Biofuels9 5 97 252,000MW1,200MW3,200 MW3,630MW600 MW 160MW4,390 MW324MW1,284 MW1,608 MW2 MW 1 MW3 MW9ML/day5.97ML/day25ML/dayRenewable fuel 44%,3 MWExcl. LargeDams &Imported HydroExcl. TraditionalBiomass
  • 13. Renewable energy potentialRE P t ti lwindSolarNatural• SolarCrop• Sugar caneWaste• AgriculturalRE Potential• Hydro• Wind(Molasses)• Cassava• Palm• Industrial• Municipal solidwaste (MSW)Biomass& biogasEthanol& biodieselSalween river Mae Khong= 10 000 MW= 15,000 MW = 10,000 MW13*Total realizable potentials for RE in ASEAN*Total realizable potentials for RE in ASEAN--66 countriescountries, by technology to, by technology to 20302030 ; IEA; IEA 20102010
  • 14. Renewable Energy PolicyMeasure for RE PromotionONEPEIAERC-DIWLocalAdminOffices giving licensesBOI-Investment IncentivesSupportsf th• Renewable energy maps• Data from demonstrationDEDE11Licensesh i lInvestment IncentivesSubsidy requestfrom theMinistry ofEnergyData from demonstrationsite•Renewable energy potentialinfoTechnical supportPrivateInvestor• Investment Grant1. Biogas2. Solar hot water3. MSW Carbon22CDM• “Energy Soft Loan”Revolving funds for Renewableenergy and energy conservationESCO V C i l F dDEDEDEDEBanksloan creditsale33El i i• ESCO Venture Capital Fund• Future change of “Adder” toFeed-in Tariff (FIT) PolicyDEDEEPPOdd /- Firm- Non Firm4455ElectricityauthoritiesConsumersAdder/ FIT(pending)14
  • 15. AEDP targets and Current SituationsTypes Units Goal2021Current CapacityMarch 2013Electricity MWktoe9,2013,032 MWktoe ,Solar MW 2,000 486.30Wind MW 1,200 215.18Small Hydro MW 1 608 101 75Small Hydro MW 1,608 101.75Biomass MW 3,630 1,988.85Biogas MW 600 196.95MSW MW 160 42 72MSW MW 160 42.72Heating Ktoe 9,335 4,882 KtoeSolar Ktoe 100 4.0Biomass Ktoe 8 200 4 342Biomass Ktoe 8,200 4,342Biogas Ktoe 1,000 458MSW Ktoe 35 78Bi f l ML/d 39 97 5 2 ML/dBiofuel ML/dayKtoe39.97 5.2 ML/dayEthanol ML/day 9 2.3Biodiesel ML/day 5.97 2.8Biodiesel ML/day 5.97 2.8Total RE (ktoe) 7,294Now 9.9% of RE in Total Energy Consumption 3
  • 16. Thailand’s Energy situation in 2012Installed Capacity of RE power generationInstalled Capacity of RE power generationFossil FuelImported Hydro2 185 MWBiogasFossil Fuel28,140 MW2,185 MWLarge Hydro Power3,406 MWRenewable Energy2,786 MWBiomassSolarMSWWindSmall Hydro PowerMWRE
  • 17. RE On-grid Power Plants MapNorthTotal 1,458 MWTotal 1,458 MW- Large Hydro = 1,279 MW- Biomass = 110 MW- Mini hydro = 40 MWNortheastTotal 1,377 MWLarge Hydro = 737 MWMini hydro 40 MW- Solar = 24 MW- Geothermal = 0.3 MW- Biogas = 5 MW- Large Hydro = 737 MW- Biomass = 352 MW- Mini hydro = 24 MW- Solar = 120 MWBiogas = 51 MWSouthTotal 430 MW- Biogas = 51 MW- Wind = 180 MW- Large Hydro = 312 MW- Biomass = 48 MW- Mini hydro = 4 MW- Solar = 0.1 MWCentralTotal 1,606 MW- Large Hydro = 1,078 MWSolar 0.1 MW- Biogas = 47 MW- Wind = 2 MW- MSW = 17 MWg y ,- Biomass = 241 MW- Mini hydro = 13 MW- Solar = 230 MW- Biogas = 43 MWg- Wind = 0.1 MW- MSW = 1 MW
  • 18. 1 Commitment on Renewable Energy;Some Policies Updated1. Commitment on Renewable Energy;• New PDP 2013 focus more on RE• Grid Expansion 500 kV in both North-EasternPossible New500 kV Linesand Southern Routes, leading to “MoreGrid-Capacity” to take up more REprojectsprojects.• EGAT Demonstration Projects2. FiT-scheme is still under discussion. Adder-scheme is still very much valid, esp. forWind.3. Shifting in Incentives Programs More for“Community or Household-scaled”P j t i S l PV R ft d N iUnderStudyProjects, i.e. Solar-PV Rooftop and NapierGrass Biogas Digestor.4 Renewable Energy Committee (existing since4. Renewable Energy Committee (existing sinceJuly 2010)
  • 19. EGAT’s Renewable Energy Demonstration PlanRenewable EnergyRenewable Energy 20112011--20152015 20162016--20202020 20212021--20302030 TotalTotalUnit: MWRenewable EnergyRenewable Energy 20112011 20152015 20162016 20202020 20212021 20302030 TotalTotalHydroelectricPumpedStorage- 500(1 Project)- 500(1 Project)Dam 104.5(12 Projects)52.6(10 Projects)42(12 Projects)199.1(34 Projects)Wind 21 50 120 191Wind (2 Projects) (1 Project) (4 Projects) (7 Projects)Solar 5.5(2 P j t)0.5(1 P j t)40(4 P j t )46(7 P j t )(2 Project) (1 Project) (4 Projects) (7 Projects)MunicipalSolid Waste- 3.75(2 Projects)15(2 Projects)18.75(4 Projects)Solid Waste (2 Projects) (2 Projects) (4 Projects)TotalTotal 131131 606606..8585 217217 954954..9919
  • 20. 3. Case Study of “ I-sarn ”(Northeast Thailand)(Northeast Thailand)
  • 21. Power Plants in I-sarnContract Capacity ofThailand’s Northeastern System (by power plant type) in 2012Combined CycleCombined Cycle650650 MWMW1616%%HydroHydro ((LaosLaos))22,,104104..66 MWMW5151%%HydroHydro ((DomesticDomestic))SolarSolar113113..33 MWMW33%%744744..33 MWMW1818%%WindWind180180 MWMW22%%BiomassBiomass//BiogasBiogas420420..66 MWMW1010%%Total 4,125 MWTotal 4,125 MWRenewable Energy 3,475 MW (84%)
  • 22. Imported Electricity fromneighboring countriesMyanmarMyanmarMOUMOU 44thth J lJ l 19971997 11 550000 MWMWMOUMOU 44thth JulyJuly 19971997 :: 11,,550000 MWMWPotential :Potential : 4040,,000000+ MW+ MWLaosLaosMOUMOU 2222ndnd DecDec 20072007 :: 77 000000 MWMWMOUMOU 2222ndnd DecDec 20072007 :: 77,,000000 MWMWSigned PPA :Signed PPA : 22,,913913 MWMWCOD :COD : 11,,891891 MWMWPotential :Potential : 2626,,000000 MWMW• High of potential areas=> North & Northeast=> North & Northeast• Available to Importedelectricity fromneighboring countriesCambodiaCambodiaPotential :Potential : 1010,,000000 MWMW* 31 255522
  • 23. PEA(NE.3) SERVICE AREADomestic RE : Show case “PEA Area3”Integrating New & Renewable Energy into the gridCHAIYAPHUMCHAIYAPHUMThe service area of PEA Area3(North East) is approx. 51,720km2CHAIYAPHUMCHAIYAPHUM km, accounting for 10.079 %of the country.NAKHONNAKHONADDC.NEADDC.NE33(Nakorn Ratchasima)(Nakorn Ratchasima)4 Provinces72 amphurs760 di t i tSURINSURINNAKHONNAKHONRATCHASIMARATCHASIMABURIRAMBURIRAM760 districts9359 villages6,645,088 populations1 687 620Provincial Electricity Authority, Thailand 231,687,620 customers
  • 24. Grid SystemThailand Generation Transmission and Distribution Power SystemGeneration Transmission Line 115 kV, 230 kV, 500 kV13 8 kV•Power Plant Switchyard13.8 kVSubstationLarge IndustrialTransmission Line69 kV, 115 kVDistributionTransformerMV Distribution LineSubstation22 kV, 33 kVLT Distribution Line400/230 V householdIndustrial
  • 25. PEA(NE.3) SERVICE AREAShow case “PEA Area3”Integrating New & Renewable Energy into the gridCHAIYAPHUMCHAIYAPHUMThe service area of PEA Area3(North East) is approx. 51,720km2CHAIYAPHUMCHAIYAPHUM km, accounting for 10.079 %of the country.NAKHONNAKHON11,,217217 MWMWPeakPeak--DemandDemand4 Provinces72 amphurs760 di t i tSURINSURINNAKHONNAKHONRATCHASIMARATCHASIMABURIRAMBURIRAM760 districts9359 villages6,645,088 populations1 687 620Provincial Electricity Authority, Thailand 251,687,620 customers
  • 26. Numbers of SPP/VSPP in “PEA Area3”RE TypeSPP VSPP TotalN f Capacity N f Capacity N f CapacityRE Type No. ofProjectCapacity(MW)No. ofProjectCapacity(MW)No. ofProjectCapacity(MW)PercentageBiomass 6 90 14 99 20 189 39%Biogas - - 13 30 13 30 6%Solar - - 20 86 20 86 18%Wind 2 180 - - 2 180 37%Wind 2 180 2 180 37%Total 8 270 47 215.113 55 485.113 100%RE proportion in the grid in “PEA Area3” = 40%
  • 27. FIELD DEVICES INTERFACE AND UHF DEVICENeeds of the SCADA SystemADDCArea of High Penetration of RE needs proper Data managementADDCArea Distribution Dispatching CenterGSM Modem(TelephoneSimcard)UHF450 MHzMARSRemote Controlled Switch I/FRemote Controlled Switch I/FSwitched Capacitor Bank I/fSwitched Capacitor Bank I/fUHF450 MHzUHF450 MHzMARSFiber Optic / Leased Line450 MHzMARSMARSLine Recloser I/FLine Recloser I/FLine Regulator Recloser I/fLine Regulator Recloser I/f
  • 28. PEA(NE.3) ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMShow case “PEA Area3” Electrical PowerSystemSubstation Transformer(MVA)Feeder Peak Load(MW) Year201224 of 115 kV-substations 1,050 93 766.2o 5 substat o s(include 1 switching substation),050 93 6611 of 22 kV -substations 1,125 143 450.8Total 35 Substations 2 175 236 1 217Total 35 Substations 2,175 236 1,217• Transmission System: 115 kV 815.39 cct-km• Distribution System: 22 kV 27,928.50 cct-km• L.V. Distribution Lines : 40,215.25 cct-km• 1,217 MW of peak load• Distribution Generators :8 SPP and 47 VSPPProvincial Electricity Authority, Thailand 28
  • 29. SPP/VSPP connect with the electric power systemof PEA(Area3)VSPP 40 SPP 7 (365.933 MW)Biomass 19 (184.60 MW)Biogas 13 (30 133 MW)Biogas 13 (30.133 MW)Solar 14 (86 MW)Wind 2 (180 MW)
  • 30. Lesson Learned from I-Sarn1. Multiple Sources of ElectricityProblems & Barriers- Swing voltage- High cost of investment- Power Quality2. SCADA/Data Collection- RE-facilities = lots of data- need more system / serversFastest Rate of y- need to develop real-timesystemRE PenetrationIn Thailand3. Readiness indicator prior to anyfuture upgrade to “Smart system”(84%)- Smart Grid- Energy Storage
  • 31. 4. Testbed of “DC-PV Micro-grid ”
  • 32. CETiad Hybrid DC Microgrid Pilot ProjectCETiad Hybrid DC Microgrid Pilot Project• Community DC power grid system with low voltage from• Community DC power grid system with low voltage fromPV-Biodiesel25.5 kW PVL dLoad:1 office, 1 minimart, 1 restaurant,1 coffee shop, 1 farm, 6 houses
  • 33. CETiad Location:Smart CommunitySmart CommunityChiang Mai World Green CityChiang Mai Rajabhat University, Chiang Mai Thailand25 5 kW25.5 kW
  • 34. CETiad CETiad
  • 35. CETiad Monitoring Systemg yData management at the community level
  • 36. 5. Recent Initiatives
  • 37. New Initiatives…..New Initiatives…..Community Enterprise ProjectCommunity Enterprise ProjectGreen Energy fromGreen Energy fromE CE CEnergy CropsEnergy Crops
  • 38. NEC’s Solution atNEC’s Solution at 11//25562556National Energ Co ncil at its 144th (1/2556) Meeting appro ed theNational Energy Council at its 144th (1/2556) Meeting approved theProject by;1. Assign MoEN to set up the Committee to study the entire projectwith the representatives from 9 Ministries; MoEN, M-Society, M. ofC SAgriculture and Cooperatives, Education Ministry, Science andTechnology Ministry, Industry Ministry, Interior Ministry, MONRE andCommerce Ministry2. MoEN to implement the pilot project in 3 different areas i.e. driedarea, wet are, and growing rice area with non-standard yield. The budget, , g g y gwill be drawn from ENCON Fund for 300 million Baht.The implementation has to be reported to the NECThe implementation has to be reported to the NEC
  • 39. Napier PropertiesNapier PropertiesFast and easy growing withaverage yield of 40-80 ton(Fresh)/rai/year(Fresh)/rai/yearEasy care, harvested withmachineCan be sprouted again for atl t 7least 7 yearsHeat value 14-18 MJ/kgPower production from biogas 1MW/800-1000 rai of area useMW/800 1000 rai of area useGrowing method like sugarUse cane for growingFull sunlight, good soil, enought b t t t l dwater but not wet land:
  • 40. 6. Key Take-Aways
  • 41. Key Take-Aways1. Thailand has L/T goal as well as supporting policies for RE-investment.2. Thailand national power-grids (T&D) have some capability to takeup more RE-power. However, upgrading T&D is another key areato boost RE-investment in Thailand.3. One region of Thailand, I-Sarn, has already 84% of RE-power.4. Proper investment in the SCADA system is the critical stepbefore going into “SMART Grid. Thailand’s PEA has activelyinvested in the SCDADA systeminvested in the SCDADA system.5. “PV-DC Micro-grid” may be the solution for community-based RE-facility, especially in the case of island or mountaintopy p y pvillages.6. New RE Investments i.e. DGG, Waste to Energy, Technologiesand Innovation, Compressed Biogas etc.
  • 42. h k f iThank you for Your attentiontwarath@dede.go.tht th@ iltwarath@gmail.com