Customs Regulations and Reforms
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October 2012

October 2012

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Customs Regulations and Reforms Presentation Transcript

  • 1. { } THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR MINISTRY OF FINANCE &REVENUE CUSTOMS DEPARTMENT CUSTOMS REGULATIONS AND REFORMS[ ]
  • 2. { } 2ND NEW MYANMAR INVESTMENT SUMMIT YANGON, MYANMAR 17-18 OCTOBER, 2012 CUSTOMS REGULATIONS AND REFORMS[ ]
  • 3. MISSIONTHE MISSION OF MYANMAR CUSTOMS IS TOACHIEVE TRADE FACILITATION THROUGHSIMPLIFICATION OF CUSTOMS PROCEDURESWITHOUT ADVERSELY AFFECTING CUSTOMSCONTROL OBJECTIVES TO MAINTAINPROPER COLLECTION OF REVENUE.
  • 4. { VISION Myanmar Customs is 109th member of the World Customs Organization and intend to create Customs service which generates the security and facilitation of international trade, protection of social well-being and partnership with stakeholder.
  • 5. { Vision Statement 1. To provide better service to the public and the trading community on the basis of the Customs Service Charters and established service performance indicators. 2. To promote transparency and full access to all regulations and legislations being enforced by the Customs and statutory requirements for the movement and circulation of goods and commodities, means of transport and passengers. 3. To accelerate the Customs reform and modernization and enhancement of public accountability. 4. To foster sustainable human resource development and strengthen the capacity of Customs officers. 5. To provide a consistent and uniform classification of goods and commodities for tariff purpose in line with international standards and practices. 6. To apply uniform methods of valuation of goods and commodities for Customs purpose on the basis of international conventions and commitments. 7. To achieve a consistent, uniform determination of origin of goods in accordance with established rules and practices to facilitate trade and investment.
  • 6. { OBJECTIVES - To enhance revenue collection through trade promotion. - To prevent evasion and loss of revenue by implementing effective control. - To collect data for compilation of statistics on international trade. - To modernize and standardize customs procedures to be in line with international practices. - To cooperate and coordinate with other allied law enforcement agencies, and - To promote public image by enhancing integrity of customs personnel.
  • 7. MEMBERSHIP10/8/2012 Mr.Sein Myint Deputy Director 7
  • 8. ASEAN DIRECTORS-GENERAL MEETING COORDINATING COMMITTEE ON CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CUSTOMSPROCEDURES & CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT & TRADE CAPACITY BUILDING COMPLIANCE WORKING FACILITATION WORKING GROUP GROUPWORKING GROUP
  • 9. ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITYBALI SUMMIT IN OCTOBER 2003BALI CONCORD II ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY ASEAN SOCIO-CULTURAL COMMUNITY ASEAN SECURITY COMMUNITY12TH ASEAN SUMMIT (SINGAPORE) IN JANUARY 2007 TO HASTEN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY BY 2015
  • 10. ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITYThe ASEAN aims to develop Asean EconomicCommunity by the year 2015 in order to introducethe free flow of goods, services, investment andskilled labour, and freer flow of capital.-Customs integration in the region is a key elementin realization of the ASEAN Economic Community.-Strategic Plan of Customs Development wasformulated for customs integration.
  • 11. { STRATEGIC PLAN OF CUSTOMS DEVELOPMENT 1. Tariff Classification 2. Customs Valuation 3. Origin Determination 4. Establishment of e-customs and ICT application 5. Customs Clearance 6. Customs Transit 7. Partnership with Businesses and Trading Community 8. Authorized Economic Operator 9. Customs Post Clearance Audit 10. Customs Enforcement And Mutual Assistance 11. Public Security and Protection of the Society 12. Customs Reform and Modernization 13. Customs Human Resource Development 14. Narrowing the Development Gap 15. Knowledge-based Service
  • 12. CUSTOMS PROCEDURES AND TRADE FACILITATION WORKING GROUPTariff Classification;Customs Valuation;Origin Determination of ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement;Establishment of ASEAN e-Customs and ICT applications in Customsfor Trade Facilitation;Customs Clearance;Customs Transit ;Partnership with businesses and the trading community;Authorized Economic Operator ;
  • 13. CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE WORKING GROUPCustoms Post Clearance AuditCustoms Enforcement and Mutual Assistance PublicSecurity and Protection of the SocietyCUSTOMS CAPACITY BUILDING WORKING GROUPCustoms Reform and ModernizationCustoms Human Resource DevelopmentNarrowing the Development GapKnowledge Based Service
  • 14. { CUSTOMS REFORM AND MODERNIZATION (SPCD-12) a. this SPCD pursues the modernization of customs administration based on the following values: - integrity - accountability - transparency - Enhancement of the quality of Customs services to the public; - Enhancement of customs integrity One of the objectives of Myanmar Customs is to modernize and standardize customs procedures to be in line with international standards.
  • 15. { CUSTOMS REFORM AND MODERNIZATION (SPCD-12) With globalization, it becomes a necessity for customs administrations to provide efficient and effective service to the trading community. Towards this end, Customs administration should invest on reforms and modernization. Similarly, Customs administration should continuously enhance its capacity building effort in facing the challenges of the globalized world. Customs reform and modernization (CRM) is one of the Strategic Plan of Customs Development (SPCD) endorsed under the Vientiane Action Program (VAP).
  • 16. { CUSTOMS LAWS THE SEA CUSTOMS ACT (1878) THE LAND CUSTOMS ACT (1924) THE TARIFF LAW (1992) - “THE LAW AMENDING THE SEA CUSTOMS ACT” has been submitted to the Office of Attorney- General for approval. - World Trade Organization Valuation Agreement (WTOVA) and Post Clearance Audit can be practiced when the above-mentioned law is approved and enacted.
  • 17. { TARIFF ELIMINATION Tariff on all intra-ASEAN goods will be eliminated in accordance with the schedules and commitments. 2003 2007 2008 2010 2012 2015 2018 Asean 6 60% 80% - 100% - - - CLMV - - 60% - 80% 93% 100%
  • 18. { TARIFF CLASSIFICATION Being a member of the World Customs Organization (WCO) and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), Contracting party of Harmonized System (HS) Convention, Myanmar Customs has amended Custom Tariff of Myanmar every four or five years. CUSTOMS TARIFF OF MYANMAR (2012), based on WCO HS amendment (2012) and ASEAN Harmonized Tariff Nomenclature (2012/1) has been implemented since 1st January 2012.
  • 19. { CUSTOMS VALUATION World Trade Organization Valuation Agreement will be implemented after the approval of the amendment of the Sea Customs Act. Currently, customs valuation is practiced in accordance with Sea Customs Act 30 (a) and (b).
  • 20. { IMPORT CLEARANCE Normally, the import requirement for clearance are as follows:- (a) Import license ( Ministry of Commerce) (b) Invoice (c) Packing List (d) Airway bill / Bill of lading (e) Letter of Credit (f) Recommendation from the department concerned if necessary.
  • 21. { EXPORT CLEARANCE As a developing country majority of Myanmar Export cover agricultural products, marine products and forest products. The requirement are simply as follows: (a) Export license (Ministry of Commerce) (b) Letter of credit (c) Invoice (d) Packing list (e) Pre-shipment Inspection Certificate (Agricultural products) (f) Other Related documents from the departments concerned (if necessary)
  • 22. { E-CUSTOMS AND ICT APPLICATION Myanmar E-Customs System was introduced on 29th August , 2011. E-customs is being implemented as follows: (a) (29.8.2011) Export (b) (17.10.2011) CMP Import (c) (14.12.2011) CMP Export (d) (2.1.2012) Import / SO Case E-customs system is being developed by a local ICT Company and now foreign companies are proposing for National Single Window (NSW).
  • 23. MYANMAR E-CUSTOMS SYSTEM TRAINING 23
  • 24. E-CUSTOMS ACTIVITIES TO NSW ASW 2013-2015 NSW 2012-2014 Phase -4 2012-2013 Phase-3 e-Customs Single Window 2011-2012 Phase-22008-2011 Phase-1
  • 25. { SINGLE WINDOW ASEAN SINGLE WINDOW AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED AT THE MEETING OF ASEAN ECONOMIC MINISTERS MEETING IN 2005 . The Asean single Window is an environment where ten National Single Windows of individual member countries operate and integrate. National Single Window enables a single submission of data and information, a single and synchronous processing of data and information and a single decision-making for customs clearance of cargo, which expedites the customs clearance, reduce transaction time and costs, and thus enhance trade efficiency and competitiveness.
  • 26. { POST CLEARANCE AUDIT OBJECTIVES - To ensure fairness of taxation - To keep order of Customs Clearance procedures - Not to disturb smooth flow of cargo distribution CUSTOMS MEASURES To verify declarations after clearance in order to confirm appropriate declarations were done by importers. When wrong or inappropriate declarations are found in the Audit, Customs give instructions, advices to importers and urge them to amend declarations and pay the shorted amount of duty/tax.
  • 27. { RISK MANAGEMENT IN FUTURE RISK MANAGEMENT -Aims to reduce or avoid the chance of injury, damage , loss or danger. RISK MANAGEMENT IN CUSTOMS - Risk is the potential for non-compliance with customs laws. -A useful tool for trade facilitation
  • 28. { NON-INTRUSIVE INSPECTION (NII) EQUIPMENTS Non intrusive inspection (NII) equipment and radiation detection equipment should be available and used for conducting inspections, where available and in accordance with risk assessment. This equipment is necessary to inspect high-risk containers or cargo quickly, without disrupting the flow of legitimate trade.
  • 29. X-RAY SCANNING MACHINE AT MUSE CHECKPOINT (MYANMAR-CHINA BORDER)
  • 30. X-RAY SCANNING MACHINE AT ASIA WORLD PORT TERMINAL (YANGON)
  • 31. { EXPANSION OF ORGANIZATION Myanmar is going to develop three Special Economic Zones : - Thilawa SEZ in Yangon region, - Dawei Deep-sea SEZ in Taninthayi Region in the southern part of Myanmar - Kyaukphyu Deep-sea SEZ in Rakhine Region in the east part of Myanmar. Due to increasing workload, Myanmar Customs will have to recruit more officers to be designated in those SEZs.
  • 32. { THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Cooperation of other government administrations and business sector is much appreciated.