Asian Civilization- The New Babylon

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a brief background on the history of the cradle of civilization of the world (mesopotamia) during the rise of the New Babylon

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  • Asian Civilization- The New Babylon

    1. 1. Prepared by: Ma. Bernadette S. Viado BSN 4L
    2. 2. <ul><li>The city of Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>was rebuilt by Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562) </li></ul><ul><li>13 ft thick with a circumference of 11 mi </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Kingdom Of Babylon
    4. 4. HANGING GARDEN OF BABYLON
    5. 6. <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>goods </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Babyl onian astronomers studied the skies and drew up a st ar map </li></ul><ul><li>gave nam e t o discovered planets; calculated solar and lunar eclipses. </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>Nebuchadnezzar continued Assyrian conquest, invading Judah and seized Jerusalem in 586 B.C. </li></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>October 562 </li></ul><ul><li>Nebuchadnezzar’s death </li></ul><ul><li>Succession by Amel- Marduk (his son) </li></ul>
    9. 10. MESOPOTAMIA GOVERNEMENT <ul><li>The leader is “favored” by gods </li></ul><ul><li>The authority of a state is vested in a KING </li></ul><ul><li>Property included the CITY , the INHABITANTS, FARMS, ORCHARDS, and outlying TOWNS </li></ul>
    10. 11. Duties: <ul><li>Defend the city and his lands from enemy attacks, extend its territory, domination and influence </li></ul><ul><li>Build and repair temples </li></ul><ul><li>Oversees public works </li></ul><ul><li>Promote and preserve law and justice </li></ul>
    11. 12. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION <ul><li>The 3 classes: </li></ul><ul><li>The aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Commoners </li></ul><ul><li>slaves </li></ul>
    12. 13. Aristocrats <ul><li>The rich and powerful families </li></ul><ul><li>Important priests </li></ul><ul><li>Counselors </li></ul><ul><li>Ambassadors </li></ul><ul><li>Generals </li></ul><ul><li>Other high ranking officials </li></ul>
    13. 14. Commoners <ul><li>“ backbone of the society” </li></ul><ul><li>Productive workers </li></ul><ul><li>Architects </li></ul><ul><li>Scribes </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle breeders, fishermen, </li></ul><ul><li>potters, brick makers </li></ul>
    14. 15. Slaves <ul><li>Property of the temple, the palace or the wealthy estates </li></ul>
    15. 16. RELIGIOUS BELIEFS <ul><li>Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Ranked according to their </li></ul><ul><li>importance, influence </li></ul><ul><li>and power </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>An- god of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Enlil- god of air </li></ul><ul><li>Enki- god of water </li></ul><ul><li>Ninhursag- great mother-earth goddess </li></ul>
    17. 18. CONTRIBUTION of OTHER CULTURES <ul><li>Absolute monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmopolitanism </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques of iron working </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of human life and religious traditions </li></ul>
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