A preferred war tactic of the Mongols was to withdraw their troops from a battle
and pretend to be defeated, so that the enemy would pursue the Mongol troops
in order to lead them into a trap where big groups of troops in armor or cavalry
would appear by surprise and overwhelm them.
The Mongols used horses for hit-and-run raids and because of their speed and
flexibility in battle. The Mongols were notoriously good horsemen and often kept
between 2 and 4 horses for each soldier.
The Mongols would spend a long time, even years, on spying on places that they
would invade in order to find out how much resist would be put up so that they
could plan out their invasions.
The Mongols would often give a chance for the enemy to surrender or they would
threaten to destroy them. When they destroyed towns and cities they let some
people escape in order to let them spread word of their terror.
Since European armies emphasized on heavy cavalry the Mongols would attack
them from long distances with their bows rather then take them on face-to-face.
Mongol commanders sought the highest ground possible so that they could
make tactical decisions by having a good view of the battle, it made it easy for
the commander to be defended and commanders often did not do much
attacking on the battlefield
The Mongols used many kinds of arrows and
some could even penetrate plate armor
When Mongols had to take on enemies close
on they used a sharp, lightweight saber
The trebuchet was a type of catapult that
Mongols would used to attack walled cities
The siege crossbow allowed for the ability to
shoot large arrows hundreds of yards away.
The Mongols made an extremely effective bow that had a range of 350 yards
made of sinew and horn and it gave them the edge over foot soldiers.
Genghis attacked the Jin dynasty in 1209 and
overtook their capitol of Beijing because of a
The Mongols set out to conquer Central Asia in 1219 because envoys that were
sent there were murdered. This was the last invasion Genghis Khan lead.
Ogodei, the son of Genghis Khan, greatly increased the size of the Mongol
Empire by taking over parts of Europe, parts of western Asia including much of
Persia, Korea and much of China and Russia during his 12 year reign (1229-1241).
The grandson of Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, went on to finish the conquest of
China in 1279, he had unsuccessful attempts at conquering Japan and southeast
. N.p.. Web. 22 Nov 2013.
. N.p.. Web. 23 Nov 2013. <http://www.mongolia-web.com/1203-mongol-militarytactics-and-organization>.
. N.p.. Web. 23 Nov 2013. <http://genghiskhan.fieldmuseum.org/explore/photogallery/weapons>.
"Kublai Khan." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Nov 23 2013,