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SOCIAL SECTOR OF PAKISTAN
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SOCIAL SECTOR OF PAKISTAN

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  • 1. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 2. OUTLINE • EMPLOYMENT • POPULATION • POVERTY • HEALTH • EDUCATION • ENVIRONMENT -NOSSCIRE-
  • 3. Strong global economic growth during 2007helped stabilize the world labor markets. The major portion of jobs created due to increasing level of productivity was in South Asia. The labor force of Pakistan has witnessed a rise over the years and was estimated to be 51.78 million in 2007- 08. Positive economic growth over the last six years has led to an increase in the number of employed labor force reached 49.09 million during 2007-08 as compared to 47.65 million in 2006-07 and38.37 million in 2001- 02. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 4. 2006-07 2007-08 Indicators Labor force (in million) Total 50.33 51.78 Male 39.92 40.82 Female 10.41 10.96 Employed Total 47.65 49.09 Male 38.11 39.06 Female 9.54 10.03 Unemployed Total 2.68 2.69 Male 1.81 1.76 Female 0.87 0.93 -NOSSCIRE-
  • 5. Indicators 2006-07 2007-08 Employment by sector (%) Total 100.0 100.0 Agriculture 43.6 44.6 Industry 21.0 20.1 Services 35.4 35.3 -NOSSCIRE-
  • 6. Indicators 2006-07 2007-08 Unemployment Rates (%) Pakistan Total 5.3 5.2 Male 4.5 4.3 Female 8.4 8.5 Rural Total 4.7 4.7 Male 4.0 3.9 Female 7.1 6.9 Urban Total 6.7 6.3 Male 5.6 5.0 Female 14.6 17.7 -NOSSCIRE-
  • 7. Pakistan is the fourth most populous country in Asia and sixth in the world. Having an average annual growth rate of 2.02 percent the population of the country reached 160 million in 2007 as compared to 139 million in 2002, whereas during the said period the overall world population increased by average annual growth rate of 1.17 percent. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 8. % of Date Last world Rank Country / Territory Population Source Updated populatio n Chinese Population clo ck April 17, Hong Kong Statistics China [4] 1 1,337,722,000 19.87% 2009 Macau statistics Figure for Mainland China is 1,330,164,000 April 23, Indian Population 2 India 1,162,300,000 17.16% 2009 clock April 23, Official USA 3 United States 306,274,000 4.52% 2009 Population clock April 21, Indonesian Population 4 Indonesia 230,014,115 3.42% 2009 clock April 23, Official Brazilian 5 Brazil 191,093,000 2.81% 2009 Population clock Official Pakistani April 16, 6 Pakistan 166,146,000 2.47% Population clock 2009 (FBS) -NOSSCIRE-
  • 9. Continued… Though, population growth rate in Pakistan has declined to 1.8 percent in 2008 from 2.06 percent in 2000, according to Population Reference Bureau (PRB), the projected population increase in the country over the period 2007-2050 would be 74 percent; -NOSSCIRE-
  • 10. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 11. Population Bifurcation -NOSSCIRE-
  • 12. Population Indicators -NOSSCIRE-
  • 13. Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger is the first goal among eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations Millennium Declaration (MD) 2000. Three targets of this goal are to be achieved by 2015 by the signatory countries. These targets include: -NOSSCIRE-
  • 14. Continued… (a) halving the number of people whose income is less than $1 a day, (b)Achieving full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people; (c)reducing the number of people who suffer from hunger by half. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 15. Poverty in Pakistan: The impact of double digit inflation observed in FY08 is likely to affect poverty adversely. During FY08 CPI inflation was recorded at 12 percent, however, for the lowest income group it was 14.26 percent as compared to 10.71 percent for the highest income group which shows that inflation affects the poorest segments with high intensity. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 16. Trends of Poverty (in percent) -NOSSCIRE-
  • 17. Population Under Various Poverty Bands (in percent) -NOSSCIRE-
  • 18. Strategies of Poverty and Inequality Reduction The decline in poverty during 2005-06 is a proof of Pakistan’s commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It aims to reduce poverty to 21 percent by 2010 and to 13 percent by 2015. MTDF strategy for poverty reduction involves pro-poor growth, social development, good governance and social protection. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 19. Recent Poverty Reduction Initiatives of the Government. • Increasing targeted safety net programs to protect poor and vulnerable against shocks • Accelerating employment generation by improving education including technical education • Focusing on less developed areas for development • Revitalize agricultural growth as poverty is persistent in rural areas -NOSSCIRE-
  • 20. Recent Poverty Reduction Initiatives of the Government. • Financial inclusion with particular focus on microfinance and Small and Medium Sector(SME).In this regard, special programs include Income Support Fund involving social protection initiatives, Hunarmand Pakistan, Placement Bureaus, Housing Fund for the poor, White Revolution, Expansion and Up- gradation of Basic Health Units (BHUs), Village Product Specialization and doubling Lady Health Workers from 100000 to 200000. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 21. Health is perhaps the biggest challenge and constraint for human development in South Asia as reflected by the Human development Index (HDI) and especially the Health Index. Most of South Asia is lagging behind in achieving the four-health –related MDGs. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 22. Health Indicators -NOSSCIRE-
  • 23. Pakistan has also witnessed an improvement in infant mortality rate (IMR) and less than five mortality rate (U5MR) during the period 2000-06, but the rate of improvement remained slow. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 24. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 25. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 26. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 27. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 28. Human Resource Available During 2000 2007 -NOSSCIRE-
  • 29. The constitution of Pakistan requires the government to ensure that its citizens have access to education. The government with its limited resources has adopted several measures to improve education in the country . -NOSSCIRE-
  • 30. Indicators 2006-07 2007-08 Literacy Rates(%) Pakistan Total 55.0 56.2 Male 67.0 68.2 Female 42.4 43.6 Rural Total 46.2 47.5 Male 60.8 61.9 Female 31.2 32.5 Urban Total 71.1 72.3 Male 78.2 79.6 Female 63.5 64.5 -NOSSCIRE-
  • 31. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 32. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 33. Performance Regarding Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Pakistan is under obligation to raise Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) at the primary level to 100 percent by 2015; being signatory to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). A detailed analysis shows that Pakistan lags behind in targets set by the millennium development declaration. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 34. Pakistan Status Regarding MDG -NOSSCIRE-
  • 35. Low literacy rates, particularly among females and in rural areas and low survival rate to grade 5 still remain a key challenge. However, the government seems committed to the millennium development goals as it has increased the allocated amount for the preprimary and primary education in the budget 2008-09. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 36. Continued… The government needs to allocate more financial resources to achieve the goal of universal primary education. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 37. Major Characteristics Over exploitation of environmental resources is characterized by: • Deforestation • Soil Erosion • Air Pollution • Shortage of Clean and Drinking Water -NOSSCIRE-
  • 38. • Environmental degradation affects the poor through pollution increasing the risk of diseases and eventually results in loss of productivity and income of the poor. • Air pollution in Pakistan is adding about $500 million per year to health care cost. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 39. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 40. Major initiatives to protect the environment The present government has declared 2009 year of environment. • An amount of Rs. 210 million has been earmarked in the federal budget 2008-09 for environmental. protection which shows an increase of 14.75 percent over the amount allocated for environmental protection in the previous year budget. • The Government is planning to launch 8000 environment friendly CNG buses in major cities of the country. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 41. Major initiatives to protect the environment • To provide access to clean drinking water, a National Drinking Water Policy has been introduced. The overall goal of this policy is to ensure safe drinking water to the entire population at an affordable cost, in an equitable, efficient and sustainable manner. • Ministry of environment has come up with conveniently observed indicators to assess the quality of drinking water. These indicators include color, taste, odour and turbidity of water. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 42. Main Objective • The main objective of the programme was to achieve environmental sustainability • NEAP Phase-1 achieved various targets relating to National Environmental Policy, National Sanitation policy, Clean Development Mechanism Strategy and National Forest policy and Energy Conservation Policy -NOSSCIRE-
  • 43. Achievement An achievement that merits mentioning here is the replacement of liquid petroleum fuels with CNG to protect Environment. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 44. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 45. -NOSSCIRE-
  • 46. -NOSSCIRE-