Current Practices by VNIT Nagpur
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Current Practices by VNIT Nagpur

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This presentation was prepared by VNIT Nagpur for "Anusandhaana" - XV Annual NOSPlan Convention

This presentation was prepared by VNIT Nagpur for "Anusandhaana" - XV Annual NOSPlan Convention

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Current Practices by VNIT Nagpur Current Practices by VNIT Nagpur Presentation Transcript

  • EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT CITIES Presentation on Current Practices At ANUSANDHANA’13- XV NOSPlan Convention By Malavika, Arpan M.TECH, VNIT,NAGPUR
  • CONTENTS: • • • • • • • Introduction Risk Earthquake scenario in India Case study on Japan GOI-UNDP Project Conclusion References
  • INTRODUCTION A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that cause damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services on a scale, sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area”. (W.H.O.) SETTL EMENT DISASTE R RESILIE NCE The ability of a system, community or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of its essential basic structures and functions. (UNISDR)
  • THE WORLD’S COMMUNITIES FACE DISASTERS FROM: • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • TSUNAMIS • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES • WILDFIRES
  • EARTHQUAKE SCENERIO IN INDIA Seismic zoning map brought out by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), over 65% of the country is prone to earthquakes of intensity MSK VII or more. Gujarat Earthquake have very clearly illustrated that we need mitigation, preparedness and response plans so that the threat to human life and property is minimized. Six major earthquakes have struck different parts of India over a span of the last 15 years. Some of the most intense earthquakes of the world have occurred in India, but fortunately, none of these have occurred in any of the major cities.
  • ITS MARCH 11, 2011 . . . NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE: Congestion of telephone Telephone communication system shut down Backup power stopped Destruction and flooding of communication equipment by tsunami SERVICES: E-mail unavailable Earthquake warning system would not work. Destruction of information distribution systems, disappearance of important data, destruction and disappearance of family registers, resident information, etc. in local government
  • IMMEDIATE RECOVERY MEASURES Funding By Bank Of Japan Relief Measures By Satellite Communication System Against Earthquake Against Power Failure Against Tsunami Restoration Of Infrastructure
  • FUTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT • Commitment to securing communication • Construction of large-zone base stations • Disaster voice message service • Earthquake countermeasures for underground facilities
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF FG-DR&NRR • Scope  Identifying requirements for disaster relief and network resilience  Identifying existing standards  Identifying any additional standards  Encouraging collaboration • Objective:  to make following documents Disaster relief systems and/or applications from a telecommunication perspective,  Improved network resilience and recovery capability which could better cope with a disaster.
  • VULNERABILITY REDUCTION PROJECT GOI-UNDP DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME URBAN EARTHQUAKE VULNERABILITY REDUCTION PROJECT GOAL Sustainable Reduction in Earthquake Risk in the most earthquake-prone urban area across the country.
  • OBJECTIVES Create awareness among government functionaries, technical institutions, NGOs, CBOs and communities about earthquake vulnerability and possible preventive actions.. Development and Institutionalising of Earthquake Preparedness and Response Plans and practise these through mock drills Capacity building for certification by Government functionaries and professionals (engineers and architects Development of regulatory framework (techno-legal regime) to promote safe construction and systems to ensure compliance Networking knowledge on best practices and tools for effective earthquake risk management, including creation of information systems containing inventory of resources for emergency operations.
  • ACTIVITIES Awareness Generation • • • • Consultations City specific awareness campaign strategies Awareness generation programmes Development of Ready reckoners. And user-friendly manual Earthquake Preparedness plan • Networking of nodal agencies and partners at different levels • Formation of city and ward level disaster management teams • Inventory of resources at all levels for speedy response
  • Cont… Developing a Techno-Legal Framework • • • • Orientation for policy makers City specific audit of safe building practices Certification system for engineers and architects Vulnerability databases for risk and vulnerability analysis Capacity Building • • • • Capacities of students of engineering & architecture Technical support, trainings and periodic assessments Capacity building of quick response teams (qrts) Resident welfare associations
  • Cont… Networking • Web-based portal on knowledge sharing, inter-city cooperation on earthquake vulnerability reduction initiative research and documentation • Capability assessment and national training plan for earthquake risk management • Development of risk and Vulnerability Indices
  • Strategy • Support National Government [MHA] efforts in strengthening its role. • Community and urban local bodies. preparedness and response, including support to key National and State level resource institutions. • Facilitate State and Local self Governments in ensuring administrative, institutional, financial and techno-legal mechanisms for seismic risk management • Empower communities at risk to engage in comprehensive earthquake risk management in the most vulnerable urban centres.
  • Outcomes • Enhanced capacities in Ministry of Home Affairs for disaster risk management • Administrative and institutional framework for earthquake risk management in the most vulnerable urban centres of the country • Development of an Earthquake Scenario document for each city • An aware and informed community, students and teachers, key government functionaries,Masons and engineering in • Institutionalisation of regular preparedness drills institutions, policy makers etc.
  • Cont.. • Review & amendment of the existing zoning regulations • Knowledge network for better involvement of stakeholders • Integration of vulnerability reduction into development programmes to allocate resources more effectively based on needs.
  • Conclusions • Developed countries like Japan also faced the problem of communication failure but the preparedness helped in quick recovery • In countries like India which are Still developing and do not have strong back up system in times of disaster the capacity of community has to be built
  • References • • • • • • United nations international strategy for disaster reduction National institute of Disaster Management report Urban resilience planning copy India UEVRP India Report ITU workshop report World health organization website
  • Queries..?