Our 50 States: California Mr. Gipson April 21, 2008
Symbols of California• The state bird is the California Valley Quail.• The state flower is the Golden Poppy.• The state tree is the Giant Sequoia. California California California Valley Golden Giant Quail Poppy Sequoia
State Flag• The flag originated during the Bear Flag Revolt. The star is a salute to Texas and the Bear represents the many bears in California. Original Present- California Day Flag California Flag
State Nickname• California is called the “Golden State” because gold was discovered in 1848, and by the next year, many thousands of “forty-niners” came to get rich in the great California Gold Rush of 1849.
State History• First Inhabitants − The first inhabitants of California were probably the Asian people who crossed the land bridge from present-day Siberia to North America. Some early Indian tribes were the Hupa, Maidu, Quechan, Ohlone, Pomo, Cahuilla, Karok, Mojave, Yokut, Paiute, and Modoc.• Exploration − Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, a Portuguese explorer working for Spain, was the first European to sight what is now the state of California.• Settlement − The first settlement was a Spanish mission in present-day San Diego. It was started by Junipero Serra.
State History, continued• Colonial Days − California was not one of the original colonies. During the colonial period, the Spanish sent missionaries to California to build missions up and down the California coast.• Territorial Days − Californians slowly moved into California and declared California a territory in an event called The Bear Flag Revolt. After the Mexican-American War, Mexico officially gave the territory, which included California, to the U.S.
StatehoodThis state became the 31st state in the United States in1850.The first Governor of the state was Peter H. Burnett.
Government• National Government − Senators 2. Dianne Feinstein 3. Barbara Boxer• State Government − Arnold Schwarzenegger is the current governor. − The state legislature’s job is to make state laws. It is composed of two houses, or chambers: the State Senate and the State Assembly. Senators and Assembly members are elected from districts that are mapped out according to the number of residents.
Population CA Population• 1950: 10,586,223 35,000,000• 1960: 15,717,204 30,000,000 25,000,000• 1970: 19,971,069 20,000,000• 1980: 23,667,826 15,000,000 10,000,000• 1990: 29,839,250 5,000,000• 2000: 33,871,648 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Over the past fifty years the population has increased.
Economy• Chief products of the state include: − Agricultural 2. Milk and Cream 3. Grapes 4. Greenhouse and Nursery Products 5. Beef Cattle − Mining products 7. Petroleum 8. Natural Gas − Manufactured goods 10. Transportation Equipment 11. Food Products 12. Electrical Equipment 13. Machinery
Weather• The average high temperature in July is: 75° F• The average high temperature in January is: 44° F• The average yearly precipitation is: 22 inches
Natural Resources• Water − Sacramento River − San Joaquin River − Lake Tahoe − Salton Sea• Minerals − Gold − Sodium Sulfate − Boron − Asbestos
Natural Resources, continued• Plant Life − The creosote bush is a shrub whose poisonous roots kill off any nearby vegetation. − Barrel, cholla, and prickly pear are some of the many cactus varieties. They soak up water during rare rainfalls and store it for months or even years.• Animal Life − Beavers, wildcats, muskrats, deer, black bears, mountain lions, and foxes roam the forests of California. − Desert animals include coyotes, long-eared jackrabbits, tortoises, lizards, and rattlesnakes.
Places to VisitSan Francisco is a very interesting place to visit inCalifornia. It was one of the first major cities inCalifornia and was home to many “forty-niners.” Ithas historic landmarks like the Golden Gate Bridge,Pier 39, Alcatraz Island, Chinatown, and Coit Tower.San Francisco is right next to the Pacific Ocean andhas amazing views of the bay. There are greattheatrical plays in San Francisco and lots of greatplaces to eat. You can shop at hundreds of retailstores that can’t be found anywhere else in the world.
Famous People• Ronald Reagan – Was the 40th president of the United States and the 33rd governor of California. He was an actor before getting into politics.• John Steinbeck – one of the most well known and widely read writers of the 20th century. His most famous books were Of Mice and Men and The Grapes of Wrath.• Joe DiMaggio Jr. – a baseball player who played his entire Major League career for the New York Yankees. He won 3 MVPs and was selected to 13 consecutive All Star Games.
State Motto• Eureka! – Eureka means “I Have Found It.” It comes from the miners who came to California to find gold. The word can be found on the state’s seal.
Works Cited• www.wikipedia.com• Heinrichs, Ann, California, Children’s Press, 1998• Pictures found on www.google.com