Live Library Session - Library Basics Instructor Script/NotesDocument Transcript
Live Library Session –Library Basics<br />Introduction (5 minutes)<br />Welcome to the Library Basics Live Library Session! I’m Heidi Steiner, the Distance Learning Librarian at the Kreitzberg Library. My primary job responsibility is to support students in the School of Graduate and Continuing Studies. I’m here to help you succeed and I’m really excited that you all signed up to attend this session! <br />SLIDE 2 – ELLUMINATE<br /> A few technicalities about Elluminate before we get started:<br />
The chat is always visible. Use it to ask questions or communicate with fellow attendees.
If at any time you have a question, please raise your hand so I don’t miss it.
If you’re having trouble hearing me, go through the Audio Setup Wizard under ToolsAudio. This will optimize the audio with the Session. You can, of course, also see if turning up the volume on your computer helps.
At anytime during the Session you can change your personal layout of the classroom using the Layout button.
I’ll be sharing my web browser during the Session. It will open in a separate window. Feel free to adjust the size of the window. You have a lot of control over how the Elluminate classroom space appears to you personally, so play around and figure out what works best for you.
SLIDE 3 - LEARNING OUTCOMES<br />After the Session, you will be able to…<br />
utilize valuable library services in order to get assistance and secure research materials.
develop topic appropriate keywords and effective searches in order to return stronger search results.
demonstrate having a well-formed search strategy in Academic Search Premier in order to retrieve targeted results.
search multiple EBSCO databases in order to broaden the range of your search and retrieve a greater number of results.
use of Periodicals A to Z in order to efficiently locate and access specific articles.
SLIDE 4 - Let’s Get Started…I’m going to start sharing my screen in a moment. Elluminate refers to this as application sharing. My screen will appear as a separate window. As I mentioned, feel free to adjust the size of the window to whatever works best for you. If at any time you have a question, raise your hand and ask in chat. I’ll be stopping between sections to check if anyone has questions, as well.<br />ANY QUESTIONS BEFORE I GET GOING!?<br />*START APPLICATION SHARING YOUR BROWSER WINDOW<br />Valuable services available to you as an online student (10 minutes)<br />
Assuming at this point that hopefully you all know how to get to the library and have taken care of any necessary troubleshooting. I’m not going to venture into Angel at the moment, but a quick bit about the Library Tab. Accessing the library through Angel via the Library Tab was implemented to provide seamless library access. We know that you all don’t love having to work in multiple windows, but it’s a technicality of the process and we hope you all appreciate only having to remember your Angel login!
Why the site is laid out this way – wanted to put everything students in each program need to be successful in one place. For the purposes of today’s session I’m going to be using the Diplomacy library homepage.
Quick tour of website: library catalog (everything held in the physical library…books, government documents, and the like…as well as all of our electronic books), ebrary (database of electronic books…everything in ebrary is also findable through the library catalog) and WorldCat (catalog of all the libraries in the world). Find Articles and Data…we’ll be spending plenty of time here later…
Get Help…Research Guides appropriate for each program of study. Specifically note the Online Student Research Guide, which covers much of the content from this Session. Reference services:
E-mail…seven days a week. Often the quickest way to get help, especially when we’re not logged in to chat.
Chat. Opportunity for you to talk with us one on one. Current hours are M-Fri from 9am-4pm with breaks for lunch and dinner. Hours expand in the fall when the physical library is open longer hours.
We’re also available by phone…same hours as chat.
Finally, Virtual Research Consultations. If you’re having trouble with a particular research topic and want assistance in a live setting, you can request an appointment with Heidi, our Distance Learning Librarian. Check out the VRC page for more information.
Request Materials – Online Student Book Request and Interlibrary Loan
We subscribe to as much electronic content as we can, but sometimes the resources you need simply may not be online. We have a few options to support you in this occasion…
First off, to request anything from the library you’ll need your A number. This is listed on any official correspondence from NU, such as bills. We can also look it up for you.
When searching the library catalog….you can utilize OSBR. Books are mailed to you for a 90 day loan period and can be renewed if needed. We provide a mailing label, but you are responsible for the return postage. Demo…use: Normandy d-day
Also if you’re searching in the databases or know of an article and we don’t have electronic access you can request it through Interlibrary Loan. Most articles are delivered electronically though our new interlibrary loan system, ILLiad (demo quickly if you want) and the turnaround is generally pretty quick. Always feel free to contact us if you have trouble.
Finally, we’re currently unable to ILL books from OTHER libraries for you b/c the lending time doesn’t provide a sufficient window for shipping to your location and giving you time with the book, but we encourage you to utilize your local resources, and are happy to help you find out if a resource you need is available to you locally, or possibly through ILL at your local public library. So…ask!
QUESTIONS BEFORE I MOVE ON!?<br />*CLOSE APPLICATION SHARING AND TURN FOCUS BACK TO PRESENTATION ON THE WHITEBOARD<br />How to turn your research topic into a search strategy that works (10 minutes)<br />SLIDE 5 – ANALYZE YOUR TOPIC<br /> Ok…onto the part that you all probably really want to know about…how to turn your research topic into a search strategy that gets results!<br />
When you’re doing research for a weekly discussion assignment, it’s usually pretty clear how much information you’re seeking and how many resources you need. Once you start working on assignments and long papers, you really need to analyze your topic before you get started.
Think about how much information you need? Does that information need to be current or historical? Think about any resources you already know of, like course readings or things from personal knowledge.
Today we’re going to focusing on database searching for journal articles, but the principles we’re discussing will carry through. There will certainly be occasions for many of your where different types of resources, like newspaper articles or books…will be necessary. In this case, you may need to think about what search tools to use beyond databases…the library catalog or the internet, for example.
SLIDE 6 - KEYWORDS <br /> There is definitely an art to database searching, but once you learn it, research will become a lot easier for you. It would be nice if library databases worked like Google or other internet search engines and we could type in a question and get a list of articles that answer the question, but more than likely, you would get zero results. <br />
Databases don't understand natural language and will search for documents that contain all of the words you put in. That means that you really need to break your topic down into concepts or specific keywords that are most important to the search. If you only remember one thing from tonight, remember this!
SLIDE 7 – TODAY’S TOPIC<br />Sample topic today is: the capability of the UN to effectively intervene in cases of genocide<br />
Have to think of both sides so…Human rights, Natural rights
SLIDE 8 – CONNECTING KEYWORDS<br /> Once you have keywords brainstormed, it’s time to construct your search…using Boolean operators (and, or, not) can help you to better limit your search in order to get relevant results. Added slides from EN101 to help illustrate.<br />Most databases have these Boolean operators built into their search interface, typically through drop-down menus that default to AND. So, as the restaurant example illustrated:<br />
if the operator between your search terms is AND the database will only find articles that contain the terms/phrases in both search boxes.
If the operator between the terms is OR the database will find articles that have either one or both of the terms/phrases.
If the operator between the terms is NOT then the search will not retrieve any articles found with the second term, even if the first term happens to be in it.
SLIDE 9 – REFINING AND BROADENING<br /> Once you start searching, you may have to adjust your search based on the kind of results you’re getting. If you get too many results searching for a term by itself, you may want to refine your search by adding additional terms to make your search more specific. Use AND to add additional keywords<br />
A nice way to refine a search is often by things like geography, age, gender and the like. So in the case of our sample topic…you could add keywords to drill down by country, like Darfur or Rwanda, for example. Another nice way to refine is to change where you’re searching, so in the title instead of as a keyword. I’ll show both of these tactics in action in a bit.
Still…if you do a search with too many terms, you risk ending up with zero results, in which case you should broaden your search. One way to do this is to search for multiple synonymous terms or related concepts and link them with OR.
A possible use of OR for this topic is to search for UN OR United Nations. The abbreviation is so common, it may be referred to either way in articles. You can also use OR to cover all the synonyms for intervene right from the start (saves you time!!)
SLIDE 10 – TODAY’S SEARCH<br />I’m thinking a good place to start will be simply: UN OR “united nations” (note the quotes) AND intervention OR intervene OR mediation AND genocide<br />
Now that we have keywords and strategy for how we’ll construct our search, we obviously need to choose a database. Choosing an appropriate database can feel a little overwhelming because there are a lot of options. I’m going to go back to sharing my screen again so we can put our search strategy into practice.
*GO BACK TO APPLICATION SHARING YOUR WEB BROWSER<br />Choosing the best place to search (10 minutes)<br />
We have the database broken down by category. Depending on what program you’re in different databases may be visible to you. Note that you can access all of the library’s databases using the Access All KL Databases link. However, we’ve chosen the most appropriate databases for each program in hopes that they get you to what you need.
In order to get into a database that’s going to have information on your topic, you need to think about what subject area or areas your topic falls into. This topic incorporates current events, international affairs, history, criminal justice, and even psychology to an extent. Upon thinking about this, you can use the categories as a guide.
Sometimes it’s nice to start in a Multidisciplinary database. This is also a good place to try if you’re struggling. The category is on every program homepage. Talk briefly about what each of the multidisciplinary databases is…ASP in diff spot for MDY (at the top under Great Databases to Start with for Diplomacy) . And Academic Search Premier is what we’re going to be using today.
QUESTIONS BEFORE I MOVE ON!?<br />The power of search strategy in practice using Academic Search Premier, plus tips on using ASP <br />Since we went through the process of developing a search strategy, I’m not entering the database and struggling with how I want to approach my search. I already know what I’m going to try first! <br />
Let’s plug in the search we just developed: UN or “united nations” (note the quotes!) AND intervention OR intervene OR mediation AND genocide…notice how the search term are separated onto their own lines and utilizing the built in connectors. *Explain why you’re just leaving it as “Select a field (optional).
Results are pretty nice and manageable number..right around 150! Hooray. Let’s look at ways we can limit further…
If you’re ever restricted to only using scholarly sources…it’s very easy to limit to Scholarly Journals. This does get sticky sometimes, because it does not limit down to the article, it limits down the journal, so you will get editorials published IN scholarly journals and the like. Evaluating sources before using them is extremely important no matter where you find them. I’m not going to add that limit today, but it is very handy. Don’t actually do.
If it’s applicable you can also limit by date of publication. For instance, I once had a student trying to find things written about a topic prior to September 11th. This made it very easy. Just use the slider and in EBSCO databases, you need to be sure to click Update Results! The way that the background grays out makes this pretty obvious.
There’s more you can do in Search options too under “Show more”! *Point out more of the limiting options*
Subject Thesaurus Terms are defaulted to being open – these are the Subjects assigned by indexers to describe articles. So by clicking on any of these, you’ll only be retrieving articles tagged with that particular Subject. Subjects can also help with thinking up additional keywords if you’ve started searching and get stuck. There’s even more under Show More. I’m going to add Crimes against humanity.
Notice at the top of all your limiting options, the Limiters you’ve already applied are listed and it’s easy to take them away.
Preview an article….Look at full record…TIPS: E-mail, citation…PDF (Use 3. The UN and Genocide: ..)
If there’s no full-text link, click 360 Check for Full Text. If we have it in another database 360 will find it and take you there, if we don’t it’ll take you to a page where you can elect to request the article through ILL if you’d like. (Use 9. Responsibility to protect…Shows ILL)
At this point, if you need more resources you could do a variety of things…since we already brain stormed keywords.
You could start your search from the Human rights angle, instead of the genocide angle.
You could also choose to tack another search term on to get more refined results. I’m going to take away intervention and add Darfur. Now we have a different set of results (larger even) to work with. Probably some duplicates, but also more specific results on Darfur. Note the Geographic Terms search option. Demo
Another option if you’re having trouble getting targeting results, is to think about WHERE you’re searching. So, if the results aren’t focused enough on the UN, we can search for those terms in the Title instead of as a Keyword (which is the Select a Field default) Demo
QUESTIONS BEFORE I MOVE ON!?<br />Extras –searching multiple EBSCO databases and finding a specific article using Periodicals A to Z. (10 minutes) <br />
Before we leave ASP, I’m going to show you a trick. This is especially handy if you have a grasp of what the different subject databases we have are.
You may hear people tell you to use EBSCO or EBSCOHost. EBSCO is a database vendor. They provide the platform, but the individual databases are things like ASP. We get a lot of our databases through EBSCO.
So…you can search multiple EBSCO databases at once! Click on Choose Databases. Select which ones you want to be searching. So for a topic like war crimes, you may want to do ASP and Military and Govt, for example. If you’re not sure which ones might work, mouse over this little bubble for a database description. Click OK.
Now when I conduct my search I’m searching both ASP and MilandGov. (click Show More)
On to our final topic of the evening…everything so far has been about doing research on a topic, but one of the inquiries we get most frequently from students is how to find a specific article.
Whether it be for an MMH self search reading, something your instructor suggested you read, or a citation you found on the internet and don’t want to pay for (NEVER pay for articles you find online…we may have already paid for them or can get through ILL if we don’t have it).
If you’re looking for a specific article, picking a database you’re familiar with and hoping the article is in there, is a shot in the dark and a waste of your time. Use Periodicals A to Z.
Kessler, Timothy P. (1998). Political Capital: Mexican Financial Policy under Salinas, World Politics, 51, 36-66 So…let’s say I’m looking for an article from a 1998 issue of the journal World Politics. In A to Z search for the name of the periodical, NOT the article. If we have access you’ll see a list of dates with links to databases. The date ranges indicate what we have available electronically in each database.
If the only option is NU Print Holdings or you get a message that says no results were found, you’ll need to request the article through ILL.
Now…considering the article I need is from 1998, I need to pick a database with coverage for that year. So in this case it’s JSTOR. At this point…I can search the journal by title here or browse down by volume and issue. Depending on what database you have to go in to, this may LOOK a little different, but the underlying concept will be the same. My article is in Volume 51 on pages 36-66. Tada
*CLOSE APPLICATION SHARING AND TURN FOCUS BACK TO PRESENTATION ON THE WHITEBOARD<br />CONCLUSION (5 minutes)<br />Hopefully now you have a stronger grasp of what the library has to offer you. This session is only really an introduction, but I hope you’ve taken away some fundamentals regarding library services, how to create a research strategy, and familiarity with one of our most used databases.<br />Thank you so much for attending. I hope you found this Session useful. Does anyone have any final questions for me!? <br />Remember that there’s still plenty of other sessions left this seminar on more detailed topics including databases for research in specific disciplines, finding primary source materials, and using zotero to manage resources.<br />You can reach the reference staff via e-mail seven days a week at firstname.lastname@example.org. Give us a call at 802-485-2179 or catch us through the chat widget on your program library homepage. Remember that if you’re struggling with a particular research topic and want to make an appointment for one-on-one live help, check out our new Virtual Research Consultation Service.<br />Shortly after the end of the Session, you will receive an e-mail thanking you for attending. This e-mail contains a link to our Feedback survey. Please take a few minutes to fill it out! Thank you again for attending. We look forward to your feedback and working with you all in future!<br />