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CHAPTER 3                                            SCIENCE QUEST 9Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science/2012          1
 3.1 Respiratory and circulatory systems p. 78 - 83 3.2 Essential intake p. 84 - 90 3.3 Digestion and excretory systems...
 Requirements  for life: Example oxygen,                                                     OUTCOME  nutrients, water an...
 Howbody systems work together to                                                   OUTCOME maintain a functioning body u...
OUTCOME Multicellularorganisms rely on coordinated and interdependent internal systems to respond to changes to their env...
 Your  body systems are made up of ORGANS,  which are made up of TISSUES, which are made up OF PARTICULAR TYPES OF  CELL...
BRAINSTORM!!!     What do you     know?     Group activity.Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   7
 Work  in allocated group. Large sheet of butcher paper (to draw  body). Marker pens – various colours. One person lie...
THINK!!! Use the diagram to show what you THINK happens to water, solid food and air after each has entered the body. Di...
MAIN ORGANS INNAME OF SYSTEM                                     MAIN FUNCTIONS                              THE SYSTEMDiR...
 Carries oxygen around the body? Brings about movement in humans? Support the body? Conduct messages from one part of ...
 How   do we get oxygen into our body? What   gas do we breath out our body? Throughwhat systems do you think this proc...
M Nortje   13
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   14
GOBLET CELL           Goblet cells aGOBLET CELL           Goblet cells are shaped like wine           glasses, as the name...
   www.sciencequiz.net                                        RED BLOOD CELLS                                      Lots...
 Cells   do not float around on their own in the  body. The same type of cells grouped together –  called TISSUE. Tissu...
 Tissues are combined to form organs. An organ is a complex structure which  has a particular job to do. Some organs on...
 Different organs work together to carry out  several tasks. These group of organs belong to a SYSTEM. Names of systems...
MAIN ORGANS IN THENAME OF SYSTEM                                               MAIN FUNCTIONS                             ...
•   A body system is made up of a group of    organs all working together to perform a    particular function.   For exam...
ALL IMAGES USED AND NOT REFERENCED                                       ARE FROM SCIENCE QUEST 9Compiled by: M Nortje Yea...
a. supply to your cellsb. remove from your cells.Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   23
OXYGEN                     = O2CARBON   DIOXIDE = CO2(respiratory system, circulatory system and cells)    Compiled by:...
 Your circulatory and respiratory systems work  together to provide your cells with oxygen  which is essential for cellul...
 www.sciencequiz.net                                           RED BLOOD CELLS                                          ...
 Glucose+ oxygen → carbon dioxide + water + energy (ATP)            Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   27
 Respiratory system get oxygen into your body  and carbon dioxide out. This occurs when you INHALE (breathe in)  and EXH...
 Breathingin, take in a mixture of gases (of which about 21 per cent is oxygen) from the air around you. The  air moves ...
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   30
 Yourcirculatory system is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients to your bodys cells, and wastes such as carb...
Arteries         transport blood to the heart.Capillaries,            in which materials are exchanged with cells.Veins...
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   33
 Your   alveoli are surrounded by a network of  capillaries. These capillaries contain red blood cells (or  erythrocytes...
http://home.gwu.edu/~olacey/Circulator        y%20Home.htmCompiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science             35
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lzb9Pcci BsQ               <iframe width="420" height="315"               src="http://www...
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   37
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   38
O2Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   39   +
 Oxygenatedblood travels from your lungs via the pulmonary vein to the left atrium of your heart. Then it travels to the...
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   41
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   42
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   43
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   44
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   45
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   46
 When  oxygen has diffused into the cell and the waste product of cellular respiration, carbon dioxide, has diffused out ...
 From here it travels to the right ventricle where it is pumped to your lungs through the pulmonary artery, so called bec...
 Carbon    dioxide from the deoxygenated blood    in your capillaries diffuses into the alveoli in    your lungs.    It ...
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   50
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   51
 Heart Blood   vessels Blood  Blood travel through vessels: 3 MAJOR TYPES OF BLOOD VESSELS Arteries Capillaries Vei...
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   53
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   54
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   55
Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   56
 Yourbody systems do not work in isolation. They work together to supply your cells with nutrients and to remove waste pr...
 CLAUDIUS  GALEN (c.129–c.199 AD) Observation on animal dissections Heart is made up of 2 chambers Blood was made by l...
 3.2 UNDERSTANDING AND INQUIRING: p. 89 - 90 REMEMBER THINK AND INVESTIGATE        Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Scienc...
THINK AND DISCUSS P. 83Group activity – Revising ContentCompiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science   60
a)   the right atrium and left atrium of     the heartb)   the right ventricle and left ventricle     of the heartc)   the...
e)   arteries and veinsf)   oxygen and carbon dioxideg)   the pulmonary artery and pulmonary     veinh)   the aorta and ve...
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  • Brain, goblet intestines windpipe – mucus , white blood cell, motor nerve cell, muscle cell, sex cells
  • Transcript of "A3.1 resp circulatory control and coordination"

    1. 1. CHAPTER 3 SCIENCE QUEST 9Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science/2012 1
    2. 2.  3.1 Respiratory and circulatory systems p. 78 - 83 3.2 Essential intake p. 84 - 90 3.3 Digestion and excretory systems p. 91 - 96 3.4 Getting the message p. 97 - 103 3.5 Coordination and control p. 104 - 108 3.6 Nervous system - fast control p. 109 - 112 3.7 Endocrine system - slow control p. 113 - 117 3.8 Living warehouse p. 118 - 122 3.9 Getting back in control p. 123 - 125 3.10 Relations diagrams and mind maps p. 126 - 127 Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 2
    3. 3.  Requirements for life: Example oxygen, OUTCOME nutrients, water and removal of waste. Provided through the coordinated function of body systems such as:  the respiratory,  circulatory,  digestive,  nervous and  excretory systems. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 3
    4. 4.  Howbody systems work together to OUTCOME maintain a functioning body using models, flow diagrams or simulations. Responses using nervous and endocrine systems. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 4
    5. 5. OUTCOME Multicellularorganisms rely on coordinated and interdependent internal systems to respond to changes to their environment. Youare a multicellular organism made up of a number of body systems that work together to keep you alive. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 5
    6. 6.  Your body systems are made up of ORGANS, which are made up of TISSUES, which are made up OF PARTICULAR TYPES OF CELLS. Your cells communicate with each other using electrical impulses and chemicals such as NEUROTRANSMITTERS AND HORMONES. The coordination of this communication is essential so that the requirements of your cells are met and a stable internal environment is maintained. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 6
    7. 7. BRAINSTORM!!! What do you know? Group activity.Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 7
    8. 8.  Work in allocated group. Large sheet of butcher paper (to draw body). Marker pens – various colours. One person lie on paper and other students trace the body shape. Mark in the paper body the location, size and shape of as many of the body organs. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 8
    9. 9. THINK!!! Use the diagram to show what you THINK happens to water, solid food and air after each has entered the body. Discusshow organs that are involved in doing the same job work together. DISCUSS...... Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 9
    10. 10. MAIN ORGANS INNAME OF SYSTEM MAIN FUNCTIONS THE SYSTEMDiReBlAlso known CiExSeNeMu - SkRe Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 10
    11. 11.  Carries oxygen around the body? Brings about movement in humans? Support the body? Conduct messages from one part of the body to another? Binds tissues together? Lines an human body cavity? Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 11
    12. 12.  How do we get oxygen into our body? What gas do we breath out our body? Throughwhat systems do you think this processes are possible? Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 12
    13. 13. M Nortje 13
    14. 14. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 14
    15. 15. GOBLET CELL Goblet cells aGOBLET CELL Goblet cells are shaped like wine glasses, as the name suggest. They make mucus to lubricate and help and protect our intestines, stomach and windpipe re shaped like wine glasses, as the name suggest. They make mucus to lubricate and help and protect our intestines, stomach and windpipeM Nortje 15
    16. 16.  www.sciencequiz.net  RED BLOOD CELLS  Lots of Nucleus→ packed with oxygen carrying protein haemoglobin.  Shaped like biconcave discs – for large surface area forwww.faculty.college-prep.org diffusion . M Nortje 16
    17. 17.  Cells do not float around on their own in the body. The same type of cells grouped together – called TISSUE. Tissue can consist of one type of cell or two to three type of mixed cells together. The group of cells perform a particular job. Names of tissues: Epithelial, connective, skeletal, blood, nerve and muscle. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 17
    18. 18.  Tissues are combined to form organs. An organ is a complex structure which has a particular job to do. Some organs only perform one job – e.g. The heart pump blood around the body. Others do more than one job – e.g. Kidneys get rid of poisonous waste substances and control the amount of water in the body. The liver do 500 jobs. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 18
    19. 19.  Different organs work together to carry out several tasks. These group of organs belong to a SYSTEM. Names of systems: Digestive Respiratory Blood(circulatory) Excretory Sensory Nervous Musculo – skeletal Reproductive Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 19
    20. 20. MAIN ORGANS IN THENAME OF SYSTEM MAIN FUNCTIONS SYSTEM Gut, liver, pancreas andDigestive Digest and absorb food gall bladder Take in oxygen and get rid ofRespiratory Windpipe and lungs carbon dioxideBlood Carry oxygen and food Heart and blood vesselsAlso known Circulatory around the body Kidneys, bladder and Get rid of poisonous wasteExcretory liver substancesSensory Eyes, ears and nose Detect stimuli Conduct messages from oneNervous Brain and spinal cord part of the body to anotherMusculo - Skeletal Muscles and skeleton Support and move the bodyReproductive Testes and ovaries Produce offspring Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 20
    21. 21. • A body system is made up of a group of organs all working together to perform a particular function. For example, humans possess a circulatory system.• The function of the circulatory system is to move materials through the body.• Carry oxygen and food around the body• It consists of the organs heart, blood vessels and the blood. M Nortje 21
    22. 22. ALL IMAGES USED AND NOT REFERENCED ARE FROM SCIENCE QUEST 9Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 22
    23. 23. a. supply to your cellsb. remove from your cells.Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 23
    24. 24. OXYGEN = O2CARBON DIOXIDE = CO2(respiratory system, circulatory system and cells) Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 24
    25. 25.  Your circulatory and respiratory systems work together to provide your cells with oxygen which is essential for cellular respiration. This process involves the breaking down of glucose so that energy is released in a form that your cells can then use. Cellular respiration equation: Carbon dioxide is produced as a waste product and then need to be REMOVED from your cells or it would cause damage or death to the cells. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 25
    26. 26.  www.sciencequiz.net  RED BLOOD CELLS  Lots of Nucleus→ packed with oxygen carrying protein haemoglobin.  Shaped like biconcave discs – for large surface area forwww.faculty.college-prep.org diffusion M Nortje 26
    27. 27.  Glucose+ oxygen → carbon dioxide + water + energy (ATP) Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 27
    28. 28.  Respiratory system get oxygen into your body and carbon dioxide out. This occurs when you INHALE (breathe in) and EXHALE (breathe out). Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 28
    29. 29.  Breathingin, take in a mixture of gases (of which about 21 per cent is oxygen) from the air around you. The air moves down your trachea (or windpipe). Then down into one of two narrower tubes called bronchi (bronchus). Then into smaller branching tubes called bronchioles which end in tiny air sacs called alveoli (alveolus). Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 29
    30. 30. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 30
    31. 31.  Yourcirculatory system is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients to your bodys cells, and wastes such as carbon dioxide away from them. Thisinvolves blood cells that are transported in your blood vessels and heart. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 31
    32. 32. Arteries transport blood to the heart.Capillaries, in which materials are exchanged with cells.Veins which transport blood back to the heart. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 32
    33. 33. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 33
    34. 34.  Your alveoli are surrounded by a network of capillaries. These capillaries contain red blood cells (or erythrocytes) that contain haemoglobin, an iron-based pigment that gives your blood its red colour. Oxygen moves from the alveoli into the red blood cells in the surrounding capillaries and binds to the haemoglobin to form oxyhaemoglobin. It is in this form that the oxygen is transported to your body cells. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 34
    35. 35. http://home.gwu.edu/~olacey/Circulator y%20Home.htmCompiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 35
    36. 36.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lzb9Pcci BsQ <iframe width="420" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/Lz b9PcciBsQ?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 36
    37. 37. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 37
    38. 38. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 38
    39. 39. O2Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 39 +
    40. 40.  Oxygenatedblood travels from your lungs via the pulmonary vein to the left atrium of your heart. Then it travels to the left ventricle where it is pumped under high pressure to your body through a large artery called the aorta. The arteries transport the oxygenated blood to smaller vessels called arterioles and finally to capillaries through which oxygen finally diffuses into body cells for use in cellular respiration Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 40
    41. 41. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 41
    42. 42. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 42
    43. 43. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 43
    44. 44. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 44
    45. 45. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 45
    46. 46. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 46
    47. 47.  When oxygen has diffused into the cell and the waste product of cellular respiration, carbon dioxide, has diffused out of the cell into the capillary, the blood in the capillary is referred to as deoxygenated blood. Thiswaste-carrying blood is transported via capillaries to venules (small veins) to large veins called vena cava, then to the right atrium of your heart. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 47
    48. 48.  From here it travels to the right ventricle where it is pumped to your lungs through the pulmonary artery, so called because it is associated with your lungs. Thepulmonary artery is the only artery that does not contain oxygenated blood. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 48
    49. 49.  Carbon dioxide from the deoxygenated blood in your capillaries diffuses into the alveoli in your lungs. It is then transported into your bronchioles, then your bronchi, and then into your trachea. From here, carbon dioxide is exhaled through your nose (or mouth) when you breathe out. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 49
    50. 50. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 50
    51. 51. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 51
    52. 52.  Heart Blood vessels Blood Blood travel through vessels: 3 MAJOR TYPES OF BLOOD VESSELS Arteries Capillaries Veins Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 52
    53. 53. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 53
    54. 54. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 54
    55. 55. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 55
    56. 56. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 56
    57. 57.  Yourbody systems do not work in isolation. They work together to supply your cells with nutrients and to remove waste products that may otherwise be harmful. The transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide described here is merely an outline of the process. It is actually much more complex and is regulated by your nervous and endocrine system. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 57
    58. 58.  CLAUDIUS GALEN (c.129–c.199 AD) Observation on animal dissections Heart is made up of 2 chambers Blood was made by liver → right chamber →left chamber →transported by arteries to body organs ANDREAS VESALIUS (1514–1564) Human Body dissection , surgery a profession WILLIAM HARVEY (1578–1657) Heart and blood circulatory system Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 58
    59. 59.  3.2 UNDERSTANDING AND INQUIRING: p. 89 - 90 REMEMBER THINK AND INVESTIGATE Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 59
    60. 60. THINK AND DISCUSS P. 83Group activity – Revising ContentCompiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 60
    61. 61. a) the right atrium and left atrium of the heartb) the right ventricle and left ventricle of the heartc) the left atrium and left ventricle of the heartd) oxygenated blood and deoxygenated bloode) arteries and veins Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 61
    62. 62. e) arteries and veinsf) oxygen and carbon dioxideg) the pulmonary artery and pulmonary veinh) the aorta and vena cava. Compiled by: M Nortje Year 9 Science 62

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