Francoise Benichou, Lessons Learned From France Vigilance System


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Francoise Benichou, Lessons Learned From France Vigilance System

  1. 1. Lessons learnt from France’s Awareness System for Enhanced Emergency Preparedness and Response Authorities F.Bénichou (Météo-France), JM.Tanguy (SCHAPI)
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>Genesis of Awareness procedure in France </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learnt, decisions made, implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat wave (2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floods (2002, 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feed-back, Preparedness </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Genesis of Awareness Procedure in France <ul><li>1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 major storms in Dec. : 92 p. killed, huge damage in Forests and infrastructure (15 bn €) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good forecast but poor efficiency in warning process, poor understanding from the public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime Minister decides to update the Warning procedure and inform general public AND Authorities simultaneously on the basis of simple and updated colour information (after proposals from Météo-France and the Civil Security Authorities) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Genesis and setting up of Awareness Procedure in France <ul><li>2001 : the Vigilance (Awareness) map was born </li></ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to better inform, thanks to a simple and summarized message that focuses on dangerous phenomena and the need to stay informed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To improve the efficiency of the communication by “ translating” the intensity of forecast meteorological parameters into a risk level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to improve anticipation and service delivered to the Civil Security Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to broaden information dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness map as a routine production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Published twice a day, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptional production may be initiated outside these hours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A process involving national and regional levels </li></ul><ul><li>In case of an orange or red level on at least one department, follow-up bulletins until the end of event: </li></ul><ul><li>MF Management « on call » 7d/24h </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CFO level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MF top management level </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Operating Awareness in France Météo-France and main partners (2001-2005) <ul><li>Setting up Awareness procedure requires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High level MF department in charge of Institutional Affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A lot of preliminary contacts with Authorities to define & agree on procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness can then be operated smoothly on a daily basis </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The heatwave episode in August 2003 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An intense and widespread episode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well forecast by Météo-France (press releases), but NOT part of Awareness procedure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catastrophic consequences (about 15000 dead in France) </li></ul></ul>2.1 Heat Waves & Cold Waves management Number of days with TX>35°C Number of days with TX>40°C
  7. 7. <ul><li>The National Heatwave Plan was set up by French Ministry of Health on the 1st of June 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>It was decided to include heatwave phenomena in the existing meteorological vigilance system (from Jun.01 to Aug.31) </li></ul><ul><li>The InVS (French National Institute of Health Survey) and Météo-France defined for each department of mainland France a “ biometeorological indicator ” calculated from min and max temperatures observed or forecast for D1, D2, D3, </li></ul><ul><li>MF Awareness and National Heatwave Plan try to converge </li></ul>Heat Waves & Awareness
  8. 8. Adding heat and cold waves to Awareness Météo-France and main partners (2005-2006) <ul><li>New procedure with Health authorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting up of an interministerial committee on heatwaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness can then be operated smoothly on a daily basis </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2.2 When Hydrology and Meteorology meet <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 2002 : an extreme heavy rain event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with hudge flash-floods in Southern France (Gard) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision by the Ministery of Environment to improve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the complex organization for flood warnings in France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting up a national center for hydrology (Schapi) close to MF facilities, 22 services for floods forecast , a specific flood awareness (Start July 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 2005 : another Major heavy rain event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with hudge flash-floods in Southern France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision by the Prime Minister to include flood warning in the MF Awareness procedure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An information not only on flash-floods or urban floods but also on river floods and water-table floods (coming from meteorological and hydrological data) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in software for the production of the MF Vigilance    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New working procedures , but with skilled and trained staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication to the Medias : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meteorology by Météo-France </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrology by Schapi </li></ul></ul></ul>The chart of the 6th sept. (forecast : 300-400 mm in 24hours) The chart of the 8th sept. (forecast : 80-120 mm locally 160-220 in 24hours) La Calmette (Gard), 2002 © Midi-Libre
  10. 10. Hydromet map components Hydromet Awareness map Flood warning map Local warning map Station records National hydro bulletin Local hydro bulletins Local and national met bulletins
  11. 11. Available hydrological information at river level
  12. 12. Integrating flood hazard to Awareness Météo-France and main partners (2006-…) <ul><li>New procedure with technical support from hydrological entities </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness can then be operated smoothly on a daily basis </li></ul>
  13. 13. Towards an integrated hydromet. warning system The decision process MF Regional Centre RFC MF CFO SCHAPI Rain forecast Soil moisture content Dialog Hydro warning Hydro forecast Linear and surface maps, bulletins Meteo warning Map and bulletins Integrated hydromet warning map Linear map : flood in rivers Surface map : run off outside rivers
  14. 14. 3. Feed-back & preparedness <ul><li>The general public : a wide common knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The chart is very well known (74%), one feels sufficiently informed (80%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main access to information (96%) is by the TV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil security : a noticeable procedure improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved awareness and preparedness (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved timely response and anticipation during main events (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a smaller number of false alarms (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion of local expertise (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulletins to be improved (-) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A continuous evaluation and a continuous improvement trend </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At regular intervals (meetings with the main partners of the Ministeries of Interior, Ecology, Transportation and Health) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess operational capability at local / regional / institutional level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess effectiveness of coordination and management of warnings from end to end </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An annual assessment document : Feedback about procedure and presentation of statistical data about quality of warnings and related damages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France’s « Vigilance » a success </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of experience to other countries and overseas territories </li></ul>