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Freemasons in the military   final 10 18 11

Freemasons in the military final 10 18 11



Famous freemasons who served in the military.

Famous freemasons who served in the military.



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    Freemasons in the military   final 10 18 11 Freemasons in the military final 10 18 11 Presentation Transcript

    • Famous Freemasons in the US Military
    • Military Freemasons General Ethan Allen  Revolutionary War Hero; Founded State of Vermont General Henry “Hap” Arnold  American general whose efforts helped establish what is now the U.S. Air Force. Commander, Army Air Force in World War II, he is the only person to ever hold five star rank in two services and the only person to ever hold five star rank in the US Air Force.  General of the Army – WWI  General of the Air Force – WWII  Taught to fly by the Wright Brothers  Raised a Mason in 1927 in Junction City, Kansas. Scottish Rite degrees 1929 in Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, and 33rd degree in 1945.
    • Masonic tribute Nov. 8, 2008Sonoma, California
    • Military Freemasons General Omar Bradley  American general. Played a major part in the Allied victory in World War II.  Last 5 star General  First General selected Chairman of Joint Chiefs  West Point class of 1915 – 59 Generals including Eisenhower - The West Point graduating class of 1915 numbered 164. More than a third of that extraordinary class won stars, 59 in all-24 brigadier generals (one star), 24 major generals (two stars), 7 lieutenant generals (three stars), two generals (four stars), and 2 generals of the army (five stars).  Raised a Mason in 1923 in West Point Lodge #877, Highland Falls, New York.
    • Military Freemasons General Omar Bradley
    • Military Freemasons Admiral Richard Byrd  American naval officer and explorer. He was the first to fly over the North Pole (with Floyd Bennet in 1926). General Mark Clark US Army General who commanded the American Fifth Army when it made its initial landings on the Italian mainland. Later commanded the 15th Army Group consisting of the British Eight and American Fifth Armies as it effected the conquest of Italy. General James Doolittle  American Army officer and aviator, he led the daring raids on Tokyo. Pilot Virgil Grissom  Astronaut who made the second crewed spaceflight in 1961, he was tragically killed in a launch pad explosion in 1967
    • Military Freemasons Admiral John Paul Jones  Scottish born seaman, he became a naval hero and Father of the U.S. Navy. He later commanded Russian naval ships in their war against the Ottoman empire. General Chappie James  A fighter pilot in the Air Force who became the first African American to reach the rank of four-star general in 1975  His son, Daniel, retired a Lieutenant General in the Air Force General Henry Knox  US Revolutionary War hero, he was the first Secretary of War under the U.S. Constitution. A Masonic lodge named in his honor was constituted on the gun deck of the USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) in 1926. Knoxville, Tennessee and the famous "Fort Knox" were named in his honor.
    • Military Freemasons Admiral Earnest King  Fleet Admiral as of Dec. 17, 1944  Received Masonic degrees in 1935 in George C. Whiting Lodge #22 (now Potomac Lodge #5) in Washington, D.C. Received Royal Arch degrees in 1938 in San Diego, California. Said to be greatly interested in Masonry, and attended Lodge and Chapter often. Also a member of the Knight Templar Commandery (1939, in Cleveland, Ohio), and Al Koran Shrine in Cleveland, 1946. Audie Murphy  Most decorated American Soldier of WWII, he also achieved fame as an actor in movies (Westerns). An autobiographical movie was made of his heroic combat exploits. He was active and interested in Freemasonry.
    • Military Freemasons General Douglas MacArthur  A former US Chief of Staff, he commanded the Allied Forces in the South Pacific during World War II. He promised the Filipino people "I shall return" to save them from the occupying Japanese Forces. He was ultimately removed from military leadership by another Mason, President Harry S. Truman.  Made a Mason at Sight by the Grand Master of the Philippines on Jan. 17, 1936, and affiliated with Manila Lodge #1. Joined Scottish Rite in Manila, also in 1936, and 33rd degree in 1947 in Tokyo. Life member of Nile Shrine in Seattle, Washington. Wrote positively about Freemasonry on several occasions.
    • Military Freemasons General George Washington  General of the Armies of the United States as of 1976, when posthumously appointed pursuant to an Act of Congress, and General Washington raised to rank 1st among all officers of the Army, past and present  Received his 3 Masonic Craft degrees in the Lodge at Fredericksburg (now Fredericksburg Lodge #4) in Virginia, in 1752 and 1753. He was named, but did not actually serve, as Charter Worshipful Master of Alexandria Lodge #22 under its Virginia Charter in 1788-1789. Wrote positively about Freemasonry on many occasions, and led the Masonic cornerstone laying of the U.S. Capitol in September 1793.
    • Military Freemasons General George Marshall  American soldier, diplomat and politician. He served as Secretary of State from 1947-1949 and organized the European Recovery Plan most often referred to as the "Marshall Plan" for which he received the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize.  Made a Mason at Sight by the Grand Master of the District of Columbia, on December 16, 1941, about a week after the Pearl Harbor attack, when General Marshall (then 4 stars) was Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army
    • Military FreemasonsGeneral George Marshall
    • Military Freemasons General John Joseph Pershing  ("Black Jack") American Army General who led the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I. In 1921, he was given the rank of General of the Armies, a rank only conferred once.  General of the Armies of the United States as of Sept. 3, 1919 (but wore only 4 stars even though he remained preeminent among all Army Generals until his death in 1948)  Received Masonic degrees in December 1888 in Lincoln Lodge #19, Lincoln, Nebraska. In 1919 Pershing was made an Honorary Member of Stansbury Lodge #19 in D.C. In 1941 or 1942 Senator Harry S. Truman presented Pershing a certificate as an Honorary Member of the Grand Lodge of Missouri (Pershings home state). Pershing was also a member of the Scottish Rite (Wheeling, W.V., 1920) and received 33rd degree, 1930. He was also a member of the Royal Arch and Knight Templar Commandery (both 1894 in Lincoln, Nebraska), and the Shrine.
    • General John J. Pershing
    • Military Freemasons Major General George Pickett  One of the three Confederate generals who attacked the Union lines at the US Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the famous Picketts Charge is named after him. Eddie Rickenbacker  American aviator who was the most decorated combat pilot of World War I and later became president of Eastern Airlines. General Matthew Ridgeway  US Army Chief of Staff.  Assumed leadership after MacArthur was relieved of duty in Korea  Member of West Point Lodge # 877  32nd Degree A.A.S.R. At Tokyo, in Oct. 1951
    • Military Freemasons General Norman Schwarzkopf  is a retired United States Army General who, while he served as Commander of U.S. Central Command, was commander of the Coalition Forces in the Persian Gulf War of 1991 Summary  There have been 7 Army (or Air Force) Generals who held the rank of General of the Army (5 Stars) or higher (Pershing or Washington might be considered higher). 6 of these 7 were Freemasons  There have been 4 Navy Admirals who held the rank of Fleet Admiral (5 Stars).  1 of these 4 was a Freemason
    • Famous Masons –Military – Complete List Aldrin, Edwin E. "Buzz" Astronaut; second man on the moon, Montclair Lodge No. 144 New Jersey. Allen, Ethan - General, Revolutionary War; Windsor, Vermont Arnold, Gen. Henry "Hap" - Commander of the Army Air Force during World War II Bradley, Omar N. - Five Star General of the Army, World War II, U.S. Byrd, Richard E. Admiral - Arctic & Antarctic explorer, 1st to fly over North Pole Cooper, Gordon "Gordo" – Astronaut Chenault, Claire L. - World War II General Clark, Mark - World War II General, European Theater Doolittle, James - General, famous World War II Air Force Pilot Farragut, Admiral David G. (First Admiral of the U.S. Navy)
    • Famous Masons –Military – Complete List Grissom, Virgil (Gus) – Astronaut Irwin, Jim – Astronaut James, Daniel "Chappie" - General, U.S. Air Force Jones, John Paul - Founder and First Admiral of the U.S. Navy - St. Bernard Lodge No. 122 (now St. Cuthbert No. 41) King, Ernest J. - World War II Five Star Admiral, Commander of Pacific Theater Knox, Henry - Revolutionary War General Lafayette, Marquis de - Supporter of American Freedom LaMay, Curtis E. - Air Force General, Commander of Strategic Air Command Lindbergh, Charles – Aviator
    • Famous Masons –Military – Complete List MacArthur, Douglas - Five Star General, Allied Commander in the Pacific in World War II, “Duty, Honor, Country” Speech Marshall, George C. - Five Star General, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff World War II, Post war Secretary of State and Architect of the Marshall Plan. McClellan, General George B. - Army of the Potomac, Presidential candidate against Abe Lincoln, faced General Robert E. Lee at the battle of Antietam and twice Governor of New Jersey. Montgomery, Richard Major General - Fist General Officer of the Continental Army killed in the Battle for Quebec on Dec 31, 1775. Murphy, Audie - Most decorated American Soldier of World War II Peary, Robert E. Admiral - First man to reach the North Pole (1909) - Kane Lodge No. 451, NY Perry, Matthew Calbraith - Commodore; responsible for opening relations with Japan; Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City
    • Famous Masons –Military – Complete List Pershing, John Joseph "Blackjack" - General of the Armies, Commander of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I Pickett, George E. - Maj. Gen. (CSA), led "Picketts Charge" at Gettysburg Pike, Zebulon - Military explorer who discovered Pikes Peak, which is named for him Rickenbacker, Eddie - Great American Air Force Ace Ridgeway, Matthew B. - US Military Leader, General who succeeded MacArthur in Korea Schirra, Wally – Astronaut Schwarzkopf, Norman - Former U.S. General, Desert Storm commander Stillwell, Joseph - World War II General Tirpitz, Alfred Von - German Naval officer responsible for submarine warfare Wainwright, Jonathon - World War II General, survived Battan Death March
    • General DouglasMacArthur MacArthur and his trademark corncob pipe.
    • “I shall return”
    • In Hawaii with FDR and AdmiralsLeahy and Nimitz
    • The “Long Gray Line” speech atWest Point Chapel” 1962
    • MacArthur with the PhilippinesPresident - October 1944
    • Signing the Japanese surrenderagreement on the deck of the USSMissouri
    • MacArthur with the Sho-waEmperor
    • Shelling of Inchon – USS MountMcKinleyKorea - September 15, 1950
    • Receiving Distinguished ServiceCross from General Pershing
    • MacArthur Memorial in Norfolk, Va
    • “ I shall return”
    • Final RestNorfolk, Va
    • MacArthur Leadership Principles Douglas MacArthur was one of the finest military leaders the United States ever produced. John Gardner, in his book On Leadership described him as a brilliant strategist, a farsighted administrator, and flamboyant to his fingertips. MacArthur’s discipline and principled leadership transcended the military. He was an effective general, statesman, administrator and corporate leader. William Addleman Ganoe recalled in his 1962 book, MacArthur Close-up: An Unauthorized Portrait, his service to MacArthur at West Point. During World War II, he created a list of questions with General Jacob Devers, they called The MacArthur Tenets. They reflect the people-management traits he had observed in MacArthur. Widely applicable, he wrote, “I found all those who had no troubles from their charges, from General Sun Tzu in China long ago to George Eastman of Kodak fame, followed the same pattern almost to the letter." 1. Do I heckle my subordinates or strengthen and encourage them? 2. Do I use moral courage in getting rid of subordinates who have proven themselves beyond doubt to be unfit?
    • MacArthur Leadership Principles3. Have I done all in my power by encouragement, incentive and spur to salvage the weak and erring?4. Do I know by NAME and CHARACTER a maximum number of subordinates for whom I am responsible? Do I know them intimately?5. Am I thoroughly familiar with the technique, necessities, objectives and administration of my job?6. Do I lose my temper at individuals?7. Do I act in such a way as to make my subordinates WANT to follow me?8. Do I delegate tasks that should be mine?9. Do I arrogate everything to myself and delegate nothing?10. Do I develop my subordinates by placing on each one as much responsibility as he can stand?11. Am I interested in the personal welfare of each of my subordinates, as if he were a member of my family?
    • MacArthur Leadership Principles12. Have I the calmness of voice and manner to inspire confidence, or am I inclined to irascibility and excitability?13. Am I a constant example to my subordinates in character, dress, deportment and courtesy?14. Am I inclined to be nice to my superiors and mean to my subordinates?15. Is my door open to my subordinates?16. Do I think more of POSITION than JOB?17. Do I correct a subordinate in the presence of others?
    • Thank You