City	  Planning	  and	  Ci,zen	  Par,cipa,on	        Ins,ga,ng	  Ques,on	        	             How	  do	  ‘planning-­‐ac,v...
City	  Planning	  and	  Ci,zen	  Par,cipa,on	  Ins,ga,ng	  Ques,on	  	       How	  do	  ‘planning-­‐ac,vist’	  ci,zens	   ...
• 	  area	  of	  study:	  West	  Queen	  West	  Triangle	  	  -­‐	  Toronto	  • 	  re-­‐zoned	  a	  Regeneraon	  area	  by...
• 	  Development	  proposals	  were	  out	  of	  scale	  with	  the	  rest	  of	  the	  neighbourhood	  
• 	  two	  words:	  bohemian	  embassy	  Their	  marke,ng	  campaign:	  	  “One	  of	  the	  first	  condominium	  projects...
This	  disconnect	  spurred	  the	  community	  into	  acon:	  	  How	  do	  ‘planning-­‐ac,vist’	  ci,zens	  meaningfully...
using	  KMD	  thinking	  to	  map	  out	  this	  problem:	                                                             2.	...
using	  KMD	  thinking	  to	  map	  out	  this	  problem:	                                                              2....
Concept	  Map	  of	  City	  Planning	  Processes.	  Coagulate	  into	  4	  areas.	  
Red	  Zone:	  exis,ng	  city	  processes.	  	  These	  include	  Area,	  Master	  and	  Official	  plans.	  	  Many	  other	...
Green	  Zone:	  ci,zens’	  desire	  to	  reach	  into	  the	  centre	  of	  the	  city	  planning	  process	  –	  but	  th...
Blue	  Zone:	  	  is	  a	  catchall	  area	  for	  Radical	  ReDesign	  of	  City	  planning	  processes:	  	  It	  contai...
Orange	  Zone:	  	  City	  Communicaons	  +	  consultaons	  	  -­‐	  looking	  at	  the	  way	  the	  City	  believes	  th...
Puts	  ci,zens	  in	                                                                          	  IDEA	  SHARING	          ...
How	  	  to	  deliver?	  	  Must	  be	                                                              updatable;	  online;	 ...
1.    101	  Guide	  to	  Understanding	  Urban	  Planning	  2.    Infographics	  explaining	  Planning	  Processes	  3.   ...
Methods	  and	  Challenges	  for	  working	  on	  this	  KM	  Design	  applicaon:	         1.  Look	  at	  other	  city	  ...
Methods	  and	  Challenges	  for	  working	  on	  this	  KM	  Design	  applicaon:	         I	  will	  use	  	  the	  matri...
Projects	  to	  date	  by	  Ac,ve18	  Community	  Organiza,on	  Purpose	  built	   36,000	  sq	  g	                       ...
Some	  Quesons:	  Is	  a	  Mul,-­‐Media	  based	  Thesaurus	  (language,	  video,	  graphical	  objects)	  a	  good	  focu...
City planningcitizenparticipation public
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City planningcitizenparticipation public

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A look at City Planning processes in the City of Toronto from the perspective of Urban Planning activists. Analysis of communications issues and solutions using Knowledge, Media Design Tools.

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City planningcitizenparticipation public

  1. 1. City  Planning  and  Ci,zen  Par,cipa,on   Ins,ga,ng  Ques,on     How  do  ‘planning-­‐ac,vist’  ci,zens   meaningfully  engage  with    City  Planning  bureaucracies  +   planning  processes  in  Toronto?  For:  University  of  Toronto,    Master  of  Informa,on  Science.  KMD1001  Fall  2012  Design  Brief   Michelle  Gay  (michellegay.com)     mail@michellegay.com  
  2. 2. City  Planning  and  Ci,zen  Par,cipa,on  Ins,ga,ng  Ques,on     How  do  ‘planning-­‐ac,vist’  ci,zens   meaningfully  engage  with   the  City  Planning  bureaucracies  +   planning  processes  in  Toronto?   Michelle  Gay  
  3. 3. •   area  of  study:  West  Queen  West  Triangle    -­‐  Toronto  •   re-­‐zoned  a  Regeneraon  area  by  City  of  Toronto  in  ~2005  •   6  independent  developers  bought  up  all  the  conguous  parcels  of  land  (9  parcels)  •   no  collaboraon  on  a  seamless  site  plan  for  the  area  •   the  beloved  48  Abell,  an  old  warehouse  full  of  ar,sts  studios  •   Carnegie  library  was  being  underused  •   the  en,re  ward  was  ‘under-­‐parked’  –  not  enough  green/open  space  
  4. 4. •   Development  proposals  were  out  of  scale  with  the  rest  of  the  neighbourhood  
  5. 5. •   two  words:  bohemian  embassy  Their  marke,ng  campaign:    “One  of  the  first  condominium  projects  in  the  new  West  Queen  West  community  in  downtown  Toronto,  Bohemian  Embassy  was  branded  as  the  ul$mately  “cool”  address.”    •   this  sen,ment  exposed  the  disconnect  between  an  exis,ng  crea,ve,  cultural  and  produc,ve  communi,es  –  living  and  working  in  the  area  for  decades….  And  the  private  developers.      • And  it  seems  that  the  ball  was  dropped  by  the  ward  Councillor  and  city  Planning  department  was  overworked  and  understaffed  
  6. 6. This  disconnect  spurred  the  community  into  acon:    How  do  ‘planning-­‐ac,vist’  ci,zens  meaningfully  engage  with  the  planning  processes  in  Toronto?      FORM    A    GROUP        |          LEARN  ABOUT  CITY  PLANNING          |          PRESSURE  THE  CITY        
  7. 7. using  KMD  thinking  to  map  out  this  problem:   2.  Knowledge,   Media,  Design     2.  Can  we  use  1.  Exisng  process  of     1.  Exis,ng   *  theory   KMD  analysis  Planning  and   and  tools  to   Prac,ce   *  frameworks   review  the  engagement  is  full  of   problem  and   *  methodologies   develop  holes,  gaps  and  large   potenal  issues.   soluons?   3.  New   Prac,ce  
  8. 8. using  KMD  thinking  to  map  out  this  problem:   2.  Knowledge,   Media,  Design     1.  Exis,ng   *  theory   Prac,ce   *  frameworks   *  methodologies   3.  New   Prac,ce  Can  this  new  soluon    be  serialized  and  shared  with  other  communies?s  
  9. 9. Concept  Map  of  City  Planning  Processes.  Coagulate  into  4  areas.  
  10. 10. Red  Zone:  exis,ng  city  processes.    These  include  Area,  Master  and  Official  plans.    Many  other  tools  and  opinions  used  by  myriad  of  departments  which  knit  into  the  planning  process  (transporta,on,  roads,  services).            We  have  unelected  city  staff  running  these  departments,  who  ogen  see  ci,zens  with  opinions,  as  a  pain.    There  are  exis,ng  city  protocols  –  such  as  Community  council,    where  ci,zens’  opinions  can  be  heard.    Official  city  run  Community  Consultaons  and  Public  meengs  –  where  the  city  sends  out  no,ces  and  invites  ci,zens  to  ‘consult’.  
  11. 11. Green  Zone:  ci,zens’  desire  to  reach  into  the  centre  of  the  city  planning  process  –  but  the  MOAT  of  bureaucracy  makes  this  very  difficult.    Many  ci,zens  groups  organize  their  own  public  mee,ngs.    Case  study:  acve18  community  organizaon,  –  a  number  of  public  charrehes  were  organized  –  around  Urban  Design,  Park  and  Public  spaces,  and  North  triangle  planning  –  all  open  and  public  meengs  where  cizens  were  encouraged  to  dream  and  think  big  thoughts  about  how  to  beher  develop  this  area.    These  were  mee,ngs  where  ci,zens  could  ar,culate  complex  community  visions  and  where  knowledge  could  be  shared.  
  12. 12. Blue  Zone:    is  a  catchall  area  for  Radical  ReDesign  of  City  planning  processes:    It  contains  ideas  like  –    A)  the  Ethics  of  Design;    B)  how  to  insert  ci,zen  par,cipa,on  in  earlier  points  on  the  development  path;  C)  Funding  for  ci,zen’s  groups  to  do  these  visioning  projects;  D)  a  way  of  inser,ng  “Non-­‐Expert”  voices  into  the  process;    E)  how  to  make  transparent  the  city  planning  process;  F)  offering  tools  for  visioning  and  collabora,on;    G)  and  a  way  of  changing  the  development  ,melines  to  work  on  an  idea  ,meline  instead  of  financial  ,meline.  
  13. 13. Orange  Zone:    City  Communicaons  +  consultaons    -­‐  looking  at  the  way  the  City  believes  they  are  including  Cizens’  voices  into  their  process.    The  issues:    A)  printed  maher  sent  to  neighbourhoods  are  narrow  cast.  B)  The  designs  of  the  missives  are  bureaucrac  and  uninving.      C)  The  designs  make  people  feel  like  they  need  to  be  experts  in  Planning  or  Architecture  D)  mostly  that  by  the  ,me  the  city  sends  out  a  missive,  most  people  think  decisions  have  been  made.        
  14. 14. Puts  ci,zens  in    IDEA  SHARING   REACTIVE  STATE   not  COLLABORATIVE   CITY:    Community  Consultaons   STATE   CITIZENS:  Charrebes  at  early  design     Cizens  do  not  trust  City  processes                                        stages   City  departments  do  not  trust  Cizens   Ci,zens  CONSCIOUSLY  SELF   ORGANIZE.     PROBLEMS:   IDEAL  GOAL   • Funding  1.  Beber  Urban  Plan  +  Livable  City   • Resources   • No  Authority    2.  Beber  communicaons  process   between  City  planners,  Developers   BENEFITS:   and  Cizens   • Engaged  cizen  groups   SPECIFIC  GOAL   share  gathered  knowledge     •   Small  advances  in  city   plan  if  enough  pressure     Is  felt  by  elected  officials     1.  101  Guide  to  Understanding  Urban  Planning   2.  Infographics  explaining  Planning  Processes   3.  Thesaurus  of  Controlled  Language  –  Architecture,  Planning,  Policy  terms   4.  Redesign  of  City  Communicaons  Missives   5.  Cultural  Master  Plan  to  accompany  the  area  plan  
  15. 15. How    to  deliver?    Must  be   updatable;  online;  printable   maher?     KMD  applicaon…   Should  be  updatable;  online;   printable  maher;  animated?  1.  ‘101’  Understanding  Urban  Planning  2.  Infographics  explaining  Planning   Must  be  updatable;   Processes   delivered  online;  mobile   for  use  in  public  3.  Thesaurus  of  shared  and  controlled   meengs;  printable   Language  –  Architecture,  Planning,   maber?   Policy  terms   Re-­‐Design  Templates  and  Suggested     Graphical  Standards  Manuals?    4.  Redesign  of  City  Communicaons   Communica,ons  Processes   Missives   reviewed  and  reworked.  5.  Cultural  Master  Plan  to  accompany     Online  updatable;  ebook;   Print  book                the  Area  plans  
  16. 16. 1.  101  Guide  to  Understanding  Urban  Planning  2.  Infographics  explaining  Planning  Processes  3.  Thesaurus  of  Controlled  Language  –  Architectural,    Planning,  Engineering,    Policy  terms  4.  Redesign  of  City  Communicaons  Missives  5.  Cultural  Master  Plan  to  accompany  the  area  plan  Thesaurus  will  be  an  object  for  building  literacy  for  cizens  to  help  them  engage  in  planning  processes  
  17. 17. Methods  and  Challenges  for  working  on  this  KM  Design  applicaon:   1.  Look  at  other  city  models  –  how  do  they  engage  ci,zens.     2.  Study  how  they  use  language,  how  do  they  communicate  to  ci,zens?     3.  What  models  of  parcipatory  processes  work  best  for  groups  with  varying   exper,se  levels?     4.  What  tools  are  employed?        Sketchup  for  Massing  Studies?  Help  to  learning  the  language  of  massing.    Photography/video  for  studying  use  of  space,  light,  texture  and  materiality?     5.  How  do  we  move  toward  the  concept  of  the  Professional  Cizen:  the  highly   engaged,  civic  minded,  ‘non-­‐experts’,  who  bring  other  exper,se  to  the  process?                
  18. 18. Methods  and  Challenges  for  working  on  this  KM  Design  applicaon:   I  will  use    the  matrix  of  ‘cultural  theory’  models  put  forward  by  the  ‘Messy  Research  /  Clumsy   Soluons’  paper.    (Ney  &  Verweij)     How  would  one  incorporate  the  cultural  theories  of  egalitarianism,  Individualism,  fatalism  and   “the  hermit”  concepts  that  they  propose  -­‐  into  a  staunch  hierarchical  model  (that  the  city  seems   to  use).         What  happens  if  you  combine  the  Design  Thinking  and  Parcipatory  Acon  Research  models?   Will  use  the  work  of  Ac,ve18  Community  Associa,on  as  the  ‘empirical’  study  to  look  at  the     ‘cultural  theory  ‘  within  their  matrix.                    
  19. 19. Projects  to  date  by  Ac,ve18  Community  Organiza,on  Purpose  built   36,000  sq  g   Theatre  Centre     .4  hectare  park   Media  Art   ~  96  Ar,st  Owned   Moving  to  purpose   Underground  wired   Centre    below-­‐Market  value   Renovated  Carnegie   For  digital  media  with  cinema   Live-­‐work  studios   Library     Art  works  
  20. 20. Some  Quesons:  Is  a  Mul,-­‐Media  based  Thesaurus  (language,  video,  graphical  objects)  a  good  focus  for  a  KMD  applica,on?        Are  there  other  applica,ons  that  make  more  sense  than  –  web,  anima,ons,  mobile  app,  printed  maher,  ebook?    Is  focusing  on  the  shared  language  a  place  that  could  actually  be  used  to  empower  ci,zens?    Will  this  inch  us  towards  empowering  ci,zens  to  become  engaged  in  a  seemingly  blackbox  process?    What  would  make  you  get  involved  in  city  planning?      
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