Catholic Mass Foundations

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This slideshow goes over important information about people at Mass, Catholic Church Architecture, Catholic Garb and Liturgical items

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Catholic Mass Foundations

  1. 1. Religion Class Unit 1 Mr. Fernandez Our Lady of Guadalupe School
  2. 2. People at Mass
  3. 3. Ushers ✦ Also known as Greeters ✦ They welcome you when you enter the church and give you pamphlets or misalettes ✦ They tell you where to sit when the church is packed ✦ They help pass out the collection baskets during offertory
  4. 4. Priest ✦ Leads the celebration of the Holy Eucharist ✦ There can be no Mass without a priest
  5. 5. Deacon ✦ The priest’s assistant ✦ Can read the Gospel ✦ Can give the Homily
  6. 6. Altar Servers ✦ boys and girls that help the priest to make sure the Mass runs smoothly ✦ they can be a crucifer (cross bearer), candle holder or thurifer (thurible holder)
  7. 7. Choir ✦ members of the church who share their gift of singing
  8. 8. Musicians ✦ members of the church share their gift of music and they can include: ✦ choir members, ✦ guitar player, ✦ piano player, ✦ other instrumentalists ✦ flutist ✦ clarinetist ✦ drummer ✦ trumpist
  9. 9. Lector ✦ person who reads the First or Second reading from the ambo
  10. 10. Cantor ✦ person who sings the Responsorial Psalm and leads the church with the songs of the Mass
  11. 11. Extraordinary Ministers ✦ Also known as eucharistic ministers (EMs) ✦ they help distribute the Body and Blood of Christ during communion
  12. 12. Parts of a Catholic Church
  13. 13. Church Floor Plan
  14. 14. Narthex/Gathering Space ✦ space between outside world and main chapel ✦ area before the nave ✦ usually a large, inviting room you come into as you enter the church ✦ parishioners gather and socialize here before and after Mass ✦ when people enter the church, they prepare themselves to receive Jesus at Mass. As the faithful leave Mass, they prepare to bring the light of Christ to others
  15. 15. Baptistry ✦ area where adults and babies alike get baptized with holy water by the priest ✦ can include stoups and baptismal font
  16. 16. Baptismal Font ✦ large pool of holy water where people get baptized
  17. 17. Ambry ✦ area where three large crystal containers hold our sacred oils ✦ ambry comes from the Latin word armarium, “a place for keeping tools”
  18. 18. Holy Oils ✦ 1) first oil is Chrism, marked with the letters: S.C. (sanctum chrisma for Holy Chrism), a mix of oil and perfume and is used at holy moments – baptism, confirmation, ordination, and the dedication of a church and altar ✦ 2) next, we have the Oil of the Sick, marked with the letters: O.I. (oleum infirmorum for Oil of the Infirm or Sick). This oil is used to anoint those who are ill ✦ 3) finally we have the Oil of the Catechumens, marked with the letters: O.I. (oleum sanctum for Oil of the catechumens) used to anoint the Catechumens (individuals who are seeking to come into full communion with the Catholic Church)
  19. 19. Nave ✦ main section of the church where everyone gathers for Mass in the pews ✦ older churches tend to have a “t” or a cross-style floor plan ✦ newer churches tend to have a more semi-circle floor plan
  20. 20. Altar ✦ the table of the Lord in the sanctuary that signifies the Last Supper and where the bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ ✦ when approaching the altar, we bow in reverence because it’s a symbol of Christ in the midst of the assembly of Believers
  21. 21. Ambo ✦ where the lector proclaims the Word of God
  22. 22. Lectern ✦ The physical stand where someone can: ✦ read the Word of God ✦ lead in song ✦ make church announcements
  23. 23. Pulpit ✦ In older churches, the pulpit is where the Gospel is read and where the homily is given
  24. 24. Eucharistic/Adoration Chapel ✦ chapel where Blessed Sacrament is exposed ✦ adoration is done so we can worship Jesus’ real presence in the host which is contained within the monstrance ✦ the tabernacle is also sometimes located here
  25. 25. Sacristy ✦ where liturgical items are stored and where extraordinary ministers, and lectors prepare for Mass ✦ sometimes the sacristy includes the area where priests, deacons, and altar servers prepare for Mass
  26. 26. Pews ✦ where God’s people sit during Mass
  27. 27. Confessionals/ Reconciliation Room ✦ place where we ask for forgiveness and healing through the Sacrament of Reconciliation ✦ designed so that we may receive this sacrament in a more informal setting, face- to-face with a priest, or in a more traditional, anonymous way, with a screen between ourselves and the priest
  28. 28. Presider’s Chair ✦ the big chair used by the celebrating priest during a liturgy that signifies a sense of leadership in prayer
  29. 29. Vesting Room ✦ the room where liturgical clothing is stored for priests, deacons, and altar servers
  30. 30. Cry Room ✦ separate area for babies and young children and their parents so crying babies won’t disturb people praying during Mass
  31. 31. Choir ✦ area where the musicians gather in order to lead the congregation in song
  32. 32. Other Parts of a Catholic Church
  33. 33. Crucifix ✦ a cross showing Jesus Christ either dying on the cross or Jesus rising from the dead (Cross of the Resurrection) ✦ the crucifix reminds us of Jesus' great sacrifice for us
  34. 34. Stoups/Holy Water Fonts ✦ placed at church entrances so people can bless themselves with holy water when they enter and leave the church as a reminder and sign of their own baptism
  35. 35. Kneelers ✦ usually attached to the pews and used when we kneel during Mass in prayer
  36. 36. Transept ✦ the section of a cross- shaped church which goes across the main body of the building
  37. 37. Tabernacle ✦ usually a golden or wooden container where the Eucharist (bread) is kept ✦ we genuflect to show reverence and respect for the Eucharist ✦ tabernacle derives from the Latin word, tabernaculum (tent), and recalls the Jewish “meeting tent,” which housed the ark of the covenant and thus embodied the presence of God among the people
  38. 38. Sacrarium ✦ “holy sink” located in the sacristy to throw away and wash down traces of the holy Eucharist ✦ It has a separate drain line that goes directly to ground, and not to the sewer system or septic tank
  39. 39. Stations of the Cross ✦ 14 illustrations usually spread out around the church to serve as a reminder of what Jesus did on the way to his Crucifixion ✦ many Catholics pray the Stations of the Cross during the Fridays of Lent
  40. 40. Sanctuary Lamp ✦ a candle or light located near the tabernacle, generally in a red glass container, that is kept burning day and night wherever the Blessed Sacrament is inside the tabernacle
  41. 41. Piano or Organ ✦ instrument usually located in the choir area
  42. 42. Statues ✦ used as “3D pictures” honoring the holy saints that died before us ✦ Usually there is a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ in the Church
  43. 43. Stained Glass Windows ✦ holy pictures against church walls that honors holy people and saints that light up during the day time
  44. 44. Communion/Altar Rail ✦ The railing which guards the sanctuary and separates the latter from the body of the church and altar ✦ At some churches, people kneel at the communion rail when receiving Holy Communion.
  45. 45. Catholic Garb
  46. 46. Clothing Items Priests Wear
  47. 47. Alb ✦ white robe worn over street clothes by priests, deacons, and altar servers
  48. 48. Cincture ✦ cord used as a belt for the alb
  49. 49. Cassock ✦ black/red/white vestment worn by altar servers and priest
  50. 50. Chasuble ✦ colored vestment worn only by the priest
  51. 51. Stole ✦ The stole is a long liturgical vestment worn by a deacon, priest, or bishop ✦ Deacons wear the stole like a sash ✦ Priests wear the stole around the neck and it crosses ✦ Bishops wear the stole around the neck but it doesn’t cross
  52. 52. Stole
  53. 53. Cope ✦ a long “coat” that can be worn by any ordained minister
  54. 54. Clothing Items Bishops and Cardinals Wear
  55. 55. Biretta ✦ a square cap with three or four peaks or horns, with a tuft (ball) on top
  56. 56. Crosier ✦ pastoral staff symbolizing the role of bishop as the Good Shepherd
  57. 57. Ring ✦ The ring, like a wedding band, symbolizes that the bishop is "wedded" to his diocese. ✦ Also, the ring would be used, at least in days long ago, to make the imprint of the bishop's seal in the hot wax to authenticate documents.
  58. 58. Zucchetto ✦ small, round skullcap ✦ pope - white ✦ cardinals - red ✦ bishops - purple
  59. 59. Mitre ✦ a “headdress” or special priestly crown worn by a bishop or cardinal
  60. 60. Pectoral Cross ✦ Golden cross worn across a bishop’s chest used to distinguish bishops and cardinals from priests ✦ from the Latin pectoralis, "of the chest"
  61. 61. Alb Cincture Cassock Chasuble Stole Cope Biretta Crosier Ring Zucchetto Mitre Pectoral Cross Catholic Garb Practice Quiz Word Bank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  62. 62. Liturgical Items
  63. 63. Liturgical Items Associated with the Liturgy of the Eucharist
  64. 64. Chalice ✦ gold cup used by the priest and extraordinary ministers for the Blood of Christ
  65. 65. Ciborium ✦ gold cup with a lid for the Body of Christ in the Tabernacle
  66. 66. Corporal ✦ small white cloth placed in the center of the altar
  67. 67. Cruets ✦ small clear pitchers of water and wine for the Mass
  68. 68. Bread and Wine ✦ representation of the body and blood of Christ until the priest transforms the bread and wine into the true body and blood of Christ
  69. 69. Paten ✦ the plate that holds the consecrated Body of Christ
  70. 70. Purificator ✦ small white cloth used with the chalice
  71. 71. Pall ✦ stiff, white board placed over the chalice
  72. 72. Peplum or Chalice Veil ✦ a cloth covering used to hide the chalice and paten up to the offertory and after Communion ✦ It is selected by the liturgical color for the service.
  73. 73. Credence Table ✦ the small table off to one side of the sanctuary for sacred vessels
  74. 74. Lavabo ✦ Also known as a finger bowl ✦ small bowl for priest to wash hands during the liturgy of Eucharist
  75. 75. Liturgical Items Associated with the Liturgy of the Word
  76. 76. Paschal Candle ✦ the large, white ornate candle used at funerals, baptisms, and Easter until Pentecost
  77. 77. Lectern ✦ The physical stand where someone can: ✦ read the Word of God ✦ lead in song ✦ make announcements
  78. 78. Lectionary ✦ The book containing the Old and New Testament readings proclaimed during Mass
  79. 79. Sacramentary or Roman Missal ✦ the book the priest prays from during the mass at the altar
  80. 80. Other Liturgical Items
  81. 81. Processional Cross ✦ the cross carried in and out of the Mass
  82. 82. Aspergillum and Aspersorium ✦ the holy water sprinkler (aspergillum) ✦ the holy water holder (aspersorium) ✦ Both used when priest or deacon sprinkles holy water as a reminder of our baptism
  83. 83. Thurible and Boat ✦ container for burning incense (thurible) ✦ the container for incense (boat)
  84. 84. Altar Bells ✦ used to create a joyful noise to the Lord as a way to give thanks for the miracle taking place atop the Altar of Sacrifice
  85. 85. Monstrance ✦ vessel used to display consecrated Eucharistic Host during adoration ✦ word comes from the Latin word monstrare which means “to show”

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