Edc 2351 dr suhailah's presentationPresentation Transcript
EDC 2351 Introduction To Moral Philosophy (Dr. Suhailah Hussien) “Bullying Case In School”By: (TESL 4 : SECTION 13)1. NOR SAFRENA BINTI MAHMOOD (1025060)2. NOR AZLEN MD. ZAIN (1020200 )3. RITA SUMANTY CHE’ HARUN (1027566)4. SULAIMAN MARIE’E OTHMAN (1025055)5. NOORMAIZURA MD HILMI (1022688) 1
NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, NOR AZLEN, RITA SUMANTY AND SULAIMAN MARIEE TESL 4 SECTION 13 2
NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, ‹#›
NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, ‹#›
B.U.L.L.Y• “Bully” is a major nightmare in the education system throughout the world.• “Bully” is an aggressive attitude done by a person to the others repeatedly either individually or in a group. (Smith dan Sharp, 1994). 5
Social Cognitive Theory • Humans can learn by observing and modeling others, specially those that they identify with. • Classic Bobo Doll studies demonstrated observational learning and impact on violent behavior in children. • Bandura originally called this theory Observational Learning Theory or Social Learning theory.
Bobo Doll Experiment
Bandura also found that the children exposed to the aggressive model were more likely to act in verbally aggressive waysthan those who were not exposed to the aggressive model. 9
Bobo Study: Key Findings• After viewing adults strike and kick a Bobo doll, children would imitate the behavior in another environment.• Suggests that the violence could be imitated by viewers.• Results showed 88% of the children imitated aggressive behavior following the viewing of the tape of adults acting aggressively towards the doll.• 8 months later 40% of the same children reproduced
Four Key Processes in Social LearningBandura formulated his findings in a four-step pattern whichcombines a cognitive view and an operant view of learning.• Attention• Retention• Reproduction• Motivation
Step 1 – Attention Something is noticed in the 12 environment. Observers must pay attention to learn.Process influenced by characteristics
Step 2 – Retention Observer must recognize and remember the behavior.Process depends on observers ability to code information.
Step 3 – Reproduction What observer noticed is duplicated by an action.Observer must be physically and intellectually capable ofproducing action.
Step 4 – Motivation Observer performs act.Presence ofreinforceme nt or
Agents of Observational Learning• Parents• Teacher• Peers• Other Adults• Media
• Loujain Hussain • Eleven- years-old• Al Maali International Private School• Abu Dhabi• Was beaten up by 3 boys. – refused to give her pocket money away..
Articles on “bullying” ( In Malaysia)NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, NOR AZLEN, RITA SUMANTY AND SULAIMAN MARIEE TESL 4 SECTION 13 18
Five students nabbed in military college bullying case(Update 2)By EMBUN MAJIDKUALA LUMPUR: Five students of the Royal Military College have been detained over the death of a Form Four student allegedly due to bullying.Kuala Lumpur Deputy OCPD Datuk Abdul Samah Mat said the Form 5 students were picked up by a team of provost marshals and handed over tothe police in Cheras at 6.30pm Thursday.Speaking to reporters after attending the KL police contingents monthly gathering here Friday Abdul Samah said police did not rule out thatbullying was the cause of the death of Mohammad Naim Mustaqim, 16."We are now waiting for the post-mortem report from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre," he said, according to Bernama.A Ministry of Defence statement said that an incident resulting in the death of the student occurred between 11.30pm on Wednesday and 1.20amThursday.Meanwhile, The Stars EMBUN MAJID reported from Baling, Kedah, that Mohammad Naim’s parents plan to sue the college for negligence.His father, Mohamad Sobri Mohamad Sofian, 41, said that he felt that the incident that led to the death of his son could have been avoided if thewardens or teachers at the college had taken heed of the bullying going on at the college. “Isn’t there a warden at the college who monitors anyform of bullying at the dormitory?” he asked when met at Kampung Baru, Mukim Siong here Friday.Mohamad Sobri said that he would wait for the police investigation into the case before taking the legal step.It was reported that Mohammad Naim Mustaqim was rushed to the camps infirmary for emergency treatment after he collapsed at about 12.15amon Thursday.He was pronounced dead about an hour later by medical officers on duty.Sources said a senior student forced Mohammad Naim to do push ups while kicking his stomach and stepping on him at about 10.45pm.The victim could not cope with the physical abuse and was bleeding through the nose, said sources.City CID chief Senior Asst Comm Datuk Ku Chin Wah was quoted as saying that the victim was said to have difficulty standing up and walking afterdoing the push- ups.He fell and hit his head on the floor and lost consciousness, he said, adding that the case was investigated as murder.Mohammad Naims body was buried at Kampung Baru Muslim Cemetery at about 9pm on Thursday.Meanwhile Mohammad Naims mother Fauziah Abdul Wahab, 45, said the last time she saw her son was before the school holiday.“He arrived home in his green army uniform which I had never had the chance to see since he enrolled at the school.“He looked very handsome and that image will always be with me,” she said.She said that Mohamad Naim also spent about RM100 from his allowance to buy a cake for an early Mothers’ Day celebration with her, somethinghe had never did before.Fauziah said that her son enrolled at the college after scoring 5As during his Penilaian Menengah Rendah examination last year that he took whenstudying at SMK Clifford in Kuala Kangsar, Perak.“My son is a very good boy who had set a good example to his two younger brothers aged 14 and 11.“I just hope that whoever responsible for his death would be penalised,” she said NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, NOR AZLEN, RITA SUMANTY AND SULAIMAN MARIEE TESL 4 SECTION 13 19
Definition:• Bullying is a form of abuse. It involves repeated acts over time attempting to create or enforce one persons (or a groups) power over another person.• Bullying is a relationship problem that requires relationship solutions:• Those who bully are learning to use power aggressively to control and distress others.• Those who are victimized become trapped in an abusive relationship.
Conditions Surrounding Bullying• Children usually are bullied by one child or a small group• Common locations: playground, classroom, lunchroom, halls, bathrooms• Bullying is more common at school than on the way to/from school.
Indirect Bullying• Getting another person to bully someone for you.• Spreading rumors• Deliberately excluding someone from a group or activity• Cyber-bullying
Interrelated Reasons Why Some Pupils Love To Bully:-Bullying involves an imbalance of power or strength.There are three interrelated reasons why studentsbully.1. Students who bully have strong needs for powerand (negative) dominance.2. Students who bully find satisfaction in causinginjury and suffering to other students.3. Students who bully are often rewarded in someway for their behavior with material psychologicalrewards. NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, NOR AZLEN, RITA SUMANTY AND SULAIMAN MARIEE TESL 4 SECTION 13 25
Developmental Pathways ofBullying In A Child.(Long Term) Marital Child Elder Abuse Abuse Abuse Gang/ Delinquency Dating Aggression Workplace Aggression Harassment Sexual HarassmentBULLYING
Children Who Bully are More Likely to: • Get into frequent fights • Be injured in a fight • Steal, vandalize property • Drink alcohol • Smoke • Be truant, drop out of school • Report poorer academic achievement • Perceive a negative climate at school • Carry a weapon
Characteristic of victim1.Physically small, unpopular, weak.2.Low confident level.3.Unfriendly.4.Unwillingness to go to school.5.Loneliness.6.Low academic performance.7.Bad tempered.
Children who are bullied have:• Lower self esteem• Higher rates of depression• Higher absenteeism rates• More suicidal ideation
CAUSES OF BULLYING There are some causes of bullying:- To attract people attention. To show people their . power and influences. Influences from the media, (Tv- violence)
• Unwilling to go to school• Unwilling to discuss his/her school life.• School work and academic results are worse than before.• Coming home with wounds and torn clothes.• Moody and does not have much interest in entertainment• Nightmares• Often locks him/herself in the bedroom for a long time.• Waiting to get home to use the toilet.• Becomes nervous when another child comes near.• Becoming increasingly bad-tempered• Phobia
Strategies to reduce bullying in schoolThese are several ways which to reduce bullying in school:1. School have problem box where student can report problems, concerns and offer suggestions.2. Help bullies with anger control and the development of empathy3. Encourage positive peer relations4. Make sure parents knows what is happening to their children.5. Emphasize caring, respect and safety.6. Improve communication among school administrators, teachers, parents and students.
What can Schools do to Stop Bullying?• Programs that educate children.• Programs that focus on the social environment of the school..• Programs where bullying prevention is not the sole responsibility of an administrator, counselor, teacher• Programs that name clear rules and policies related to bullying• Programs to increase adult supervision in hot spots where bullying occurs.
It can be difficult to deal with a bully. However, It is more helpful when a bully’s parents and school are involved trying to work on helping diffuse the situation.? Or worse?•First you should get your child’s input. -You need to be a safeplace your child can turn for help. Be open to your child•Talk to the school authorities-Discuss the problem with yourchild’s teacher, principal or counselor.•Teach your child to avoid the bully- child does not need tofight back. Encourage him or her to avoid the bully when possible.•Encourage your child to be assertive-It is not necessary tofight back to defeat a bully. You can teach your child to stand upstraight and tell the bully, firmly, to leave him or her alone.•Practice with your child-practice what to say to a bully, or howto leave a situation that could turn into bullying.•Teach your child to move in groups-Have your child go toschool and other places with trusted and true friends.
Campaign Goals• Raise awareness about bullying.• Prevent and reduce bullying behaviors.• Identify appropriate interventions for “teens” and other target audiences.• Foster and enhance linkages among partners.
UNIT BIMBINGAN DAN KAUNSELING, SK. SERI KUNDANG, RAWANG, SELANGOR 36NOR SAFRENA MAHMOOD, NOR AZLEN, RITA SUMANTY AND SULAIMAN MARIEE TESL 4 SECTION 13
ONE OF THE RESPONDENTS(WHO ALWAYS BEING BULLIED) NAME : NUR SYUHADA ABD RAHMAN AGE : 11 YEARS OLD FROM BROKEN AND POOR FAMILY. BROUGHT UP BY GRANDMOTHER. WEAK LEARNER. -WAS FORCED TO GIVE AWAY HER POCKET MONEY TO THE BOYS IN YEAR 6. - CALL HER WITH MANY NAMES. -TEAR HER BOOKS AND BAG. 44
SummaryMany people deal with bullying, more often then you see or hear about. Whether it is being physical or emotional.
ConclusionWhen bullying continues and a school does not take action, theentire school climate can be affected in the following ways:• The school develops an environment of fear and disrespect• Students have difficulty learning• Students feel insecure• Students dislike school• Students perceive that teachers and staff have little control and dont care about themSo help STOP The BULLYING!!!
THE END OF PRESENTATION
Bibliography• Cyberbullying - Teen Violence Statistics." Teen Violence Statistics - Violent Children, Youth, & Adolescents. Teen Violence Statistics, 2009. Web. 15 June 2011. <http://www.teenviolencestatistics.com/content/cyberbullying.html>.• Hartnig, Sarah. "Student Bullying on Increase, Federal Statistics Reveal | Reporting and the Internet." University Miami, School of Communication. Web. 15 June 2011. <http://students.com.miami.edu/netreporting/?page_id=1269>.• "How Can Parents Help to Prevent Bullying at Their Childs School? | Education.com." Education.com | An Education & Child Development Site for Parents | Parenting & Educational Resource. 2006. Web. 15 June 2011. <http://www.education.com/reference/article/help-prevent- bullying-at-school/>.• Olweus, Dan. "What Is Bullying? Definition, Statistics & Information on Bullying." Olweus Bullying Prevention Program from Hazelden & Clemson University. Web. 15 June 2011. <http://www.olweus.org/public/bullying.page>.• "You Cant Take It Back." Parents & Guardians. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, 2001-2010. Web. 15 June 2011. <http://www.netsmartz.org/RealLifeStories/CantTakeItBack>.