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The rome, the holy roman empire and the eu

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  • 1. Rome, the Holy Roman Empire, and the European Union
  • 2. Babylon - the woman harlot. The woman harlot or Babylon, which rides on the beast with 7 heads and 10 horns, is Rome (Rev 17:3). Note that both the dragon and the first beast has seven heads and ten horns. The former has seven crowns set on its seven heads while the latter has ten crowns set on its ten horns (Rev 17:6). The first is Satan; the second is the Roman empire, Satan’s representative. Rome is a city with 7 hills and in its early history, was founded by 7 kings, the first of which was Romulus, founder of Rome. The heads of the dragon with 7 heads 10 horns and 7 crowns includes the kingdoms of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia and Greece, which were the four beasts of Daniel. That this beast is part lion corresponds to the first beast of Daniel which looked like a lion, Egypt. The part that is leopard corresponds to Persia and the part that is a bear corresponds to Mesopotamia. Greece is the beast with iron teeth. They make up 4 of the 7 heads of the dragon and/or the first beast. The other 3 heads would be Rome and its transformations (Dan 8:8, cf: 8:22). The fifth head then, is early Rome during the kingship, comprising of tribes (and their territories, e.g. Latium) around Rome that were united during the time of Rome's first seven kings, first of whom was Romulus, brother of Remus and founder of Rome. Rome was its pride and capital city. The sixth head is Rome in the time of the Republic - known for its democratic processes and the Roman Senate, their own adaptation of the Greek Ecclesia – and the Greek concept of the council that ruled the city-state. Its territory now included most of Italy. Carthage came under Roman rule after the Punic wars between them. Spain, Sicily, parts of Gaul, and Alexander’s empire would come under Roman control during the Republic. All of the cities that were the pride of the Greek empire as well as those that Rome had earlier conquered by itself, would now become Roman possessions. The seventh head is Rome as an empire which at its height stretched from the British Isles in the West to Mesopotamia in the east and all of the kingdoms around the Great Sea. We can now include as leading capital cities: the city of Constantinople of the Byzantines, Ravenna in northern Italy which became the seat of the Byzantine empire in Italy as it asserted its rights to the Western Roman empire,
  • 3. and London (Roman: Londinium) of England which was founded by the Romans in 63 AD. i The eight head which “is yet to come” is the Holy Roman empire (Rev 17:11). We have already a number of candidates for the ten horns of the dragon or beast, so that if we are to determine them by the criterion set in Revelation 17:11 and the history of Europe and of the nations around the Mediterranean, we will have a general idea of who they are. To be considered one of the ten leading city-states which comprise the ten horns, the criterion would include its economic, cultural, social, civil, political, as well as religious contribution to the empire. By this time, ten would be the nominal number but, suffice it to say that the ten leading capital cities during this time would include the capital city of the first four beasts which are: Alexandria of Egypt; Babylon of Mesopotamia; Susa, Persepolis or Ecbatana, or any one of the three of Persia’s; Athens or Sparta of Greece; and of course, Rome. The main head is Rome which is also the head with the fatal wound that was healed. It is the head which everyone thought would die when the Roman empire fell in 476 AD, over which merchants lamented for its loss displaced business and the economies of ancient Europe ruined. However, after its fall, it became the aspiration of its conquerors, its erstwhile enemies, to acquire the width and breadth of the kingdom it had toppled. The fall of the Roman empire was only a foreshadow of the beginning of the Holy Roman empire, a more baneful beast which made use of a second beast with two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon - the anti-Christ pope of the Roman Catholic church. By it, the Roman empire had supposedly become holy as an entity pre-ordained by G-d. Thus, Revelation 13:3 says that one of the heads of the beast that received a fatal wound was healed and everyone was amazed and worshiped the dragon which gave power to the first beast. The horns of the pope corresponds to the western Roman Catholic church over which the bishop of Rome, as the pope is also called, exercises jurisdiction; and the Byzantine church, also called the Eastern Orthodox church, to which the Greek Orthodox and Russian Orthodox churches belong. The Eastern Orthodox church implicitly acknowledges the supremacy of the Western church
  • 4. (Roman Catholic church) though there are differences between them that as of late are viewed as no longer irreconcilable. In the time of King Constantine, the Roman capital was moved to Byzantium which was renamed Constantinople. Several Roman emperors followed suit, foremost among them was Justinian (500 AD). The rivalry between the bishops of Rome and Constantinople had grave consequences to the Roman Catholic church as it resulted in a schism which split the church, however, bishops of the Eastern Orthodox churches can be seen in attendance when the bishop of Rome is ordained as pope. As each head must own a horn, and there are ten horns of the first beast, one or some of the heads must own more than one horn. If the seven heads will each have a horn, there still are 3 more extra horns. Rome itself, may own up to any of the horns or kingdoms that once was part of the empire, and there are several. Present day sovereign nations like Germany (land of the Teutons, eastern part of Gaul, also formerly known as East Francia), France (western Gaul, West Francia), Spain (Hispania), Turkey (Anatolia), Tunis (Carthage), and England (Londinium) were once under the empire. Greek influence can still be felt in Turkey and the Hellenized kingdoms in Asia Minor and the Balkans. In fact, the schism which broke up the empire into the Western empire (Rome) and the Eastern empire (Constantinople) was initiated by the desire of some of the emperors to make Constantinople as the seat of power. The bishop of Constantinople was also at various times in its history not in agreement with the bishop of Rome until the doctrine against icons of the western church gave way to the formation of the Eastern Orthodox church. As horns are the pride of the head that wears it, Rome must be the horn of Italy; Alexandria of Egypt; Babylon of the Mesopotamian states; Susa, Persepolis, and/or Ecbatana of Persia; and Athens, Sparta, and/or Byzantium (Constantinople) of Greece. However, since after the fall of the secular Holy Roman empire in 1806, many of these horns have since become sovereign nations no longer politically dependent on
  • 5. Rome except in ecclesiastical matters. By virtue of the principle in law of the independence of the church and state, only the pope can dictate on the religious affairs of the Roman Catholics which comprise approximately half of the population of Europe. Furthermore, by virtue of the Lateran Treaty, the Vatican is treated as a separate state, independent from Italy. There are presently, two other unions, the European Economic Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) that also binds these horns. However, the NATO is primarily a military alliance limited to the western half of Europe and excludes the former membernations of the Soviet Union and Russia. The influence of the pope on the other hand can extend as far east as the Russian Orthodox church from Great Britain in the west, where a minority Catholics exist and a church that has not been totally weaned from its traditional Catholic roots. The NATO, on the other hand, it is believed, will eventually become absorbed or integrated to evolve into the army of the EU. With the demise of the Soveit Union, the NATO since the Afghanistan war of 2001 has become embroiled in the Middle East Conflict. The crowns of the dragon are on the heads and there are seven crowns but the first beast’s are in the horns and there are ten crowns – one for each horn. Therefore, as the crowns are symbols of authority, the authority comes from the horns, and there are ten of them. However, it appears that to be significant only in Revelation 17:12 when, for an hour, it will receive authority as kings with the beast, when under the same period of time, they will decide to make war against the Lamb. Of the seven kings or heads of the beast (Rev 17:10), “five have fallen”, and they are at the time of the writing by John of the Book of Revelations which is approximated to be sometime between 65-90 AD, the following: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia and Greece as the first four heads. ii The fifth head is Rome during the kingship. These are the five heads that have fallen. "One is" means that the sixth head is now (during the time of John's writing) This is also the time of the Roman Republic. The seventh head - the Empire “is yet to come”. This will be the time after Julius Caesar, in 27 BC and
  • 6. to last until its fall in 476 A.D. Although strictly speaking, John's time is already the beginning of Rome as an empire (the seventh head), or more or less a century old already, its breadth and width and its crowning glory as an empire are yet to be achieved. “The glory that was Rome” as we call it today, lasted 400 more years, even as John is writing his visions. Not until 112 AD when Roman emperor Trajan annexed Armenia and Parthia and made Mesopotamia a new province of the empire was the Roman Empire to its largest extent.iii Roman Empire Revived. The beast which the harlot Babylon, the great city of Rome is sitting on, is the dragon, Satan, which “once was, now is not, and will come up out of the Abyss and go to his destruction” (Rev 17:8) which beast "will yet come" and is also an "eight king" belonging to the seven, is the Roman empire resurrected from out of his detention in the Abyss, the temporary abode of Satan during the Millennium (Rev 17:11). The reference is to the beast, but the event could only refer to the dragon – which is the only beast that will come out of the Abyss. As an “eight king” its revival will be as like the Holy Roman empire, the eight head; which it was before the Millennium. In the future event referred to in Revelation 20:7 after his release, Satan with the aid of the beast with two horns like a lamb, will revive the image of the first beast, again. The "beast that once was” means the ancient Roman empire from its beginnings, its fall, then its revival as the Holy Roman empire until 1330 when it broke up with the Roman Catholic church. "Now is not" because it is locked for a thousand years in the Abyss beginning the year 1330, “and will come up out of the Abyss and go to his destruction” referring to the end of its incarceration from the Abyss at the end of the Millenium to gather the kings and their armies for that great day of the Lord Almighty. The tense here is not grammatical. Neither is it literal. John is writing about the future and the phrases are descriptions of the beast. The Ninth Crusade was the last Crusade and further crusades to Jerusalem were halted after Acre, the last Crusader fort in the Holy Land, fell in the year 1291 AD. The first Armageddon as the Crusades were all about is aptly
  • 7. described in Revelation 19:19-21. The beast (Holy Roman empire) was captured and together with the false prophet are thrown into the lake of burning sulfur alive (Rev 19:20) by the rider in the white horse called ‘Faithful and True’ (Rev 19:11) also called the ‘Word of G-d’ (Rev 19:13) and ‘King of kings and Lord of lords’ (Rev 19:16). Captured means they were also defeated and the faiths founded on them are exposed for what they are by the rider on the white horse. Almost forty (39) years later, the death in January 13, 1330 AD of Frederick the Fair, the pro-pope contender to the Holy Roman empire, forever separated the church and state. These two events, marked the beginning of the Millenium when the dragon or Satan would be bound by the angel Abaddon (Gr.: Apollyon) in chain and locked in the Abyss for a thousand years (Rev 20:3). The second beast, not being mentioned, is presumed neither in the Abyss nor in the lake of burning sulfur, but remained on earth and continue to sow deception until his master, Satan is released from the Abyss. The meaning of Revelation 17:8 could not possibly mean the first revival of the Roman empire in the Holy Roman empire of the Franconian king, Charlemagne in 800 AD because the Abyss where the beast is locked will endure for a thousand years. It is only 324 years from 476 AD (fall of the Roman empire), 486 years until Otto I of Germany’s Holy Roman empire, 1330 years until Napoleon Bonaparte (476 years from 1330), and 1,463 years until Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich (609 years from 1330). The Holy Roman empire is a mere image of the first beast, the Roman empire (Rev 13:14-15), whose authority comes from Satan who is depicted as the dragon. The second beast, who created the image, is still free. When the Millennium is over, Satan shall cause the revival of the Roman empire in 40 years before the temple is reconsecrated in 2370 AD, at the instance of the second beast (pope). Already, four revivals of the Roman empire have occurred. They are forewarnings of the pattern of events the final revival will follow, in order to guide the elect. First, in 800 AD, under the initiative of the pope, Charlemagne, the Franconian king, was crowned as the first Holy Roman Emperor. Second, Otto I of Germany in 962 AD aspired to become and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor of the German Nation. The third was Napoleon Bonaparte, who
  • 8. caused the fall of the Holy Roman empire in 1806, yet sought the pope for the crown after securing religious freedom for all, including Jews in the Concordat of 1801. Fourth was Hitler’s Third Reich (1939-1945), as the third in line in succession to the Holy Roman Empire after Bismarck’s empire. Hitler was not crowned by the pope, though many stories circulate of Hitler's seeking the pope for such purpose. In the time of its final revival, after Satan’s release from the Abyss after the thousand years are over (in 2330 AD), the pope will breathe life into the new image of the Roman empire - an European Union dominated by Roman Catholics. European Union. Of existing European associations with an aim to unite all the countries that were formerly territories of ancient Rome, only the European Union (EU) has evolved in possession of the elements (motive and history) for reviving the empire described by the prophets Daniel and John. In 1951, in the aftermath of the Second World War, the Treaty of Paris was signed, creating the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), an international community based on supra-nationalism and international law, designed to help the war ravaged economy of Europe and prevent future war by federating its members into two communities: a European Defense Community (EDC) and a European Political Community (EPC). After the French protested its political basis and proposed an alternative based on economics, the Messina Conference in 1955 came out with a customs union which became the cornerstone of the 1956 Inter-governmental Conference on the Common Market and European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the basis for the two Treaties of Rome signed on 25 March 1957, establishing a European Economic Community (EEC), an extension of the ECSC, and establishing the Euratom. The six countries who signed them were: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany. The updated Treaty of Rome is now called the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. In 1967 the Merger Treaty created a single set of institutions for the three communities, which were collectively referred to as the European Community (EC).
  • 9. i Pounds, Norman J G, London (England)” New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia Release 6, CD-ROM, Grolier Electronic “ , Publishing, Inc. 1993. J , “ews” Colliers Encyclopedia, Vol. 13 p. 577 ’ Benedict XIII, Antipope, Grolier Encylopedia Knowledge, Grolier Incorporated, Danbury, Connecticut MCMCXCV, Vol. “ ” 3. ii Graubart, David and Wexler, Gertrude, John” Collier's Encyclopedia, Vol. __, p _, Crowell-Collier Educational Corp., “ , 1969. iii Parker, Philip, The Empire Stops Here, p.2. as quoted in “ he Roman Empire, http://en.wikipedia.org/ Roman_Empire, T ” Date accessed 08/17/2009.