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READING COMPREHENSION
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READING COMPREHENSION

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  • 1. READING/COMPREHENSION/ SUMMARY
    • THEMES:
    • People
    • Environment
    • Values
    • Health
    • Science and Technology
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 2. TYPES OF PASSAGES
    • DESCRIPTIVE
    • NARRATIVE
    • FACTUAL
    • EXPOSITORY
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 3. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • 1. FACTUAL –
    • to give info : how many children were there ?
    • To state or list – List two benefits of…
    • To read for details/find evidence – How did the man escape?
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 4. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • 2. VOCABULARY –
    • Word replacement : Find a word to replace
    • Word or phrase explanation : Explain the meaning of …/ What does juvenile mean ?
    • Word identification : Find a word/phrase which means …
    • Which phrase in paragraph 1 indicates…
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 5. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • 3. INFERENTIAL –
    • To read what the writer implies but not stated explicitly : How do you think the writer feels about his job?
    • In what way has the tsunami affected Mary?
    • What are the implications of this experiment?
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 6. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • EVALUATIVE –
    • To give your opinions – What do you think …..?
    • Suggest other ways….
    • Do you agree with …..? Give a reason
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 7. MARKING SCHEME
    • 10 questions or less
    • 10 marks
    • 1, 2 or 0 mark
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 8. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • STEP 1 –
    • Skim the passage to get a general idea
    • STEP 2 –
    • Read the questions carefully
    • STEP 3 –
    • Read the passage again
    • Underline important points
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 9. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • STEP 4 –
    • Answer the questions briefly
    • STEP 5 –
    • When you are asked to give evidence/quote a phrase/give a word or sentence, use quotation marks
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 10. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
    • STEP 6 -
    • Answer the question in the order set
    • STEP 7 –
    • Lift / copy but intelligently and not wholesale copying
    • STEP 8 –
    • Check answers again if there’s time
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 11. QUESTION TYPE
    • Where …. (place/location)
    • When …. (time/period)
    • What …. (matter) eg : What happened to the writer ? What did Jerry give to Tom as a birthday present ? What was Matilde’s feelings when she knew the necklace was fake?
    • Why …. (reasons)
    • How …. (manner)
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 12. QUESTION TYPE
    • Which …. (specific) eg: Which car is yours ? Which Harry Potter’s book do you like ?
    • Who …. (people) eg: Who is your favourite person? ? Who wants to go to town?
    • How …. (numbers, distance, length, transport, price etc )?
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 13. Examples of the uses of “How…”
    • How many students are there in the hall?
    • How far is Seremban from Rembau?
    • How many centimetres make a meter?
    • How much is that sports car ?
    • How do you come to school ?
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 14. ANSWERS TO READING COMPREHENSION
    • 26 (a). at grand functions / weddings
    • (b). distinctive
    • 27 (a). It is extremely difficult to carve
    • (b). ice / the ice block (s)
    • The chainsaws are rather heavy / difficult to handle
    • (i). aeroplane
    • (ii). eagle
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 15. ANSWERS TO READING COMPREHENSION
      • (a). Lifting ice will be better
      • The ice blocks are heavy
      • Lifting ice blocks is not easy
      • One must work tirelessly
      • One must work without a break
      • One must concentrate on what one is doing
      • (b). work is finished / done
      • people like it
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 16. SUMMARY
    • What is summary ?
    • A brief statement of important points of a
    • text – key words
    • Use own words/ideas
    • No personal opinion given
    • Leave out dialogues, details, idioms etc
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 17. TECHNIQUES OF SUMMARY WRITING
    • Read the passage ONCE
    • Read the question. Understand what you have to DO eg. What did Mary do to save the cat ?
    • Common words asked : reactions, how she felt, benefits, advantages, what happened, list down the (process)
    • Underline important facts and ideas
    • Write in ONE paragraph only. No INDENT!
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 18. SUMMARY
    • OBJECTIVES : To –
    • Select and retrieve relevant info from the text
    • Use the info given in the passage
    • Paraphrase / Lift intelligently and effectively
    • Organise the points/information
    • Summarise the points accuratey
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 19. WORD COUNT
    • 120 WORDS plus 10 words given
    • Egs of 1 word :
    • Three – dimensional / pre – writing / 20
    • 2 words :
    • Harun Jalil / Perak River
    • 3 words :
    • 20 to 45
    hny / gc / sttj
  • 20. MARKING SCHEME
    • Content - 10 marks
    • Style and presentation –
    • Paraphrase – 5m
    • Use of English – 5 marks = 10 /2 = 5m
    • Total = 15 marks
    • * If content > 10, marks still 10
    hny / gc / sttj

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