READING COMPREHENSION

2,497 views
2,432 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,497
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
62
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

READING COMPREHENSION

  1. 1. READING/COMPREHENSION/ SUMMARY <ul><li>THEMES: </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Technology </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  2. 2. TYPES OF PASSAGES <ul><li>DESCRIPTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>NARRATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>FACTUAL </li></ul><ul><li>EXPOSITORY </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  3. 3. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>1. FACTUAL – </li></ul><ul><li>to give info : how many children were there ? </li></ul><ul><li>To state or list – List two benefits of… </li></ul><ul><li>To read for details/find evidence – How did the man escape? </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  4. 4. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>2. VOCABULARY – </li></ul><ul><li>Word replacement : Find a word to replace </li></ul><ul><li>Word or phrase explanation : Explain the meaning of …/ What does juvenile mean ? </li></ul><ul><li>Word identification : Find a word/phrase which means … </li></ul><ul><li>Which phrase in paragraph 1 indicates… </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  5. 5. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>3. INFERENTIAL – </li></ul><ul><li>To read what the writer implies but not stated explicitly : How do you think the writer feels about his job? </li></ul><ul><li>In what way has the tsunami affected Mary? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the implications of this experiment? </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  6. 6. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>EVALUATIVE – </li></ul><ul><li>To give your opinions – What do you think …..? </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest other ways…. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree with …..? Give a reason </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  7. 7. MARKING SCHEME <ul><li>10 questions or less </li></ul><ul><li>10 marks </li></ul><ul><li>1, 2 or 0 mark </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  8. 8. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>STEP 1 – </li></ul><ul><li>Skim the passage to get a general idea </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 2 – </li></ul><ul><li>Read the questions carefully </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 3 – </li></ul><ul><li>Read the passage again </li></ul><ul><li>Underline important points </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  9. 9. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>STEP 4 – </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the questions briefly </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 5 – </li></ul><ul><li>When you are asked to give evidence/quote a phrase/give a word or sentence, use quotation marks </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  10. 10. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS <ul><li>STEP 6 - </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the question in the order set </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 7 – </li></ul><ul><li>Lift / copy but intelligently and not wholesale copying </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 8 – </li></ul><ul><li>Check answers again if there’s time </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  11. 11. QUESTION TYPE <ul><li>Where …. (place/location) </li></ul><ul><li>When …. (time/period) </li></ul><ul><li>What …. (matter) eg : What happened to the writer ? What did Jerry give to Tom as a birthday present ? What was Matilde’s feelings when she knew the necklace was fake? </li></ul><ul><li>Why …. (reasons) </li></ul><ul><li>How …. (manner) </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  12. 12. QUESTION TYPE <ul><li>Which …. (specific) eg: Which car is yours ? Which Harry Potter’s book do you like ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who …. (people) eg: Who is your favourite person? ? Who wants to go to town? </li></ul><ul><li>How …. (numbers, distance, length, transport, price etc )? </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  13. 13. Examples of the uses of “How…” <ul><li>How many students are there in the hall? </li></ul><ul><li>How far is Seremban from Rembau? </li></ul><ul><li>How many centimetres make a meter? </li></ul><ul><li>How much is that sports car ? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you come to school ? </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  14. 14. ANSWERS TO READING COMPREHENSION <ul><li>26 (a). at grand functions / weddings </li></ul><ul><li> (b). distinctive </li></ul><ul><li>27 (a). It is extremely difficult to carve </li></ul><ul><li> (b). ice / the ice block (s) </li></ul><ul><li>The chainsaws are rather heavy / difficult to handle </li></ul><ul><li>(i). aeroplane </li></ul><ul><li>(ii). eagle </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  15. 15. ANSWERS TO READING COMPREHENSION <ul><ul><li>(a). Lifting ice will be better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> The ice blocks are heavy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Lifting ice blocks is not easy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> One must work tirelessly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> One must work without a break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> One must concentrate on what one is doing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(b). work is finished / done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> people like it </li></ul></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  16. 16. SUMMARY <ul><li>What is summary ? </li></ul><ul><li>A brief statement of important points of a </li></ul><ul><li>text – key words </li></ul><ul><li>Use own words/ideas </li></ul><ul><li>No personal opinion given </li></ul><ul><li>Leave out dialogues, details, idioms etc </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  17. 17. TECHNIQUES OF SUMMARY WRITING <ul><li>Read the passage ONCE </li></ul><ul><li>Read the question. Understand what you have to DO eg. What did Mary do to save the cat ? </li></ul><ul><li>Common words asked : reactions, how she felt, benefits, advantages, what happened, list down the (process) </li></ul><ul><li>Underline important facts and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Write in ONE paragraph only. No INDENT! </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  18. 18. SUMMARY <ul><li>OBJECTIVES : To – </li></ul><ul><li>Select and retrieve relevant info from the text </li></ul><ul><li>Use the info given in the passage </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase / Lift intelligently and effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Organise the points/information </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise the points accuratey </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  19. 19. WORD COUNT <ul><li>120 WORDS plus 10 words given </li></ul><ul><li>Egs of 1 word : </li></ul><ul><li>Three – dimensional / pre – writing / 20 </li></ul><ul><li>2 words : </li></ul><ul><li>Harun Jalil / Perak River </li></ul><ul><li>3 words : </li></ul><ul><li>20 to 45 </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj
  20. 20. MARKING SCHEME <ul><li>Content - 10 marks </li></ul><ul><li>Style and presentation – </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase – 5m </li></ul><ul><li>Use of English – 5 marks = 10 /2 = 5m </li></ul><ul><li>Total = 15 marks </li></ul><ul><li>* If content > 10, marks still 10 </li></ul>hny / gc / sttj

×