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In this space you can inprove your english level

In this space you can inprove your english level

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  • 1. PRESENT PERFECT
    FORM
     
    P.P 
    [has/have]
     
    +
    +
    pastparticiple]
     
  • 2. look at this
    HEHAS READ A BOOK
  • 3. SHEHAS EATEN CHOCOLATE
  • 4. When do we USE it?
    • We use thePresentPerfecttosaythatanactionhappened at anunspecified time beforenow. Theexact time isnotimportant.
    • 5. They have been at the beach
    • Foractionswhichstarted in thepast and are stillcontinuing in thepresent.
    • 6. They have been friends for ten years
    • Foractionswhichhaverecentlyfinished and theirresults are visible in thepresent.
    • 7. Look at her. She is tired. She has been in the gym.
  • Whenwe can USE it?
    ?
    We CAN use thePresentPerfectwithunspecificexpressionssuch as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.
     
  • 8. Whenwecannot USE it?
    You CANNOT use thePresentPerfectwithspecific time expressionssuch as: yesterday, oneyearago, lastweek, when I was a child, when I lived in Medellin, at thatmoment, thatday, oneday, etc.
    ?
  • 9. contractions
    I´ve = I have
    You´ve = You have
    He ´s = He has
    She´s = She has
    It´s = It has
    We´ve = We have
    You´ve = You have
    They´ve = They have
  • 10. Presentperfect
    aFFIRMATIVE
    I have Fished
    You have Fished
    He hasFished
    She hasFished
    It hasFished
    We have Fished
    You have Fished
    They have Fished
  • 11. Presentperfect
    negative
    I haven´t understood
    You haven´t understood
    He hasn´t understood
    She hasn´tunderstood
    It hasn´tunderstood
    We haven´t understood
    You haven´t understood
    They haven´t understood
  • 12. Presentperfect
    INTERROgative
    Have I Flown ?
    Have you Flown ?
    Has he Flown ?
    HasShe Flown ?
    Has it Flown ?
    Have we Flown ?
    Have you Flown ?
    Have they Flown ?
  • 13. Examples
     
    I havebeento Cartagena.
    Thissentencemeansthatyouhavehadtheexperience of being in Cartagena. Maybeyouhavebeenthere once, orseveral times.
    I havebeento Cartagena four times.
    You can addthenumber of times at theend of thesentence.
    I haveneverbeento Cartagena.
    Thissentencemeansthatyouhavenothadtheexperience of goingto Cartagena.
  • 14. Makingthecorrectform.
    Carolina (be)_______ my friend for over 5 years. We (know)_______ each other since we were children. Just, she and his boyfriend Diego (move)________ to a house on the same street as me, and now we go together to the university every day.
    Carolina and Diego (have)________ a relationship for five years. They (play)_________ for the same volleyball team every Saturday, Diego is a better player than Carolina, but in the last week he (have)_________ some trouble with his left arm. He (see)_______ the doctor several times about his arm, but the doctor doesn't know what is causing his pain. For that reason Diego (decide)______ to take a break from volleyball for a while, so that his arm can recover.
  • 15. bibliography
    LARSEN-FREEMAN Diane,Grammar Domensions,2000;Madrid España
    SASLOW Allen, Top Notch 2006; New York
    HEWINGS Martin, Advanced Grammar in use,1999;New York.
    Images and informationon:
    1.http://www.linkmesh.com/gente
    http://google/presentperfect.com
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fnzlOYaeOwU
  • 16. Thankyou