Whendo weUSE it?<br /><ul><li>We use thePresentPerfecttosaythatanactionhappened at anunspecified time beforenow. Theexact time isnotimportant.
They have been in to the beach</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Foractionswhichstarted in thepast and are stillcontinuing in thepresent.
They have been frendsfor ten years</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Foractionswhichhaverecentlyfinished and theirresults are visible in thepresent.
Look at her. She is tired. She has been in the gym.</li></li></ul><li>Whencan weUSE it?<br />?<br />We CAN use thePresentPerfectwithunspecificexpressionssuch as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. <br /> <br />
WhencannotweUSE it?<br />You CANNOT use thePresentPerfectwithspecific time expressionssuch as: yesterday, oneyearago, lastweek, when I was a child, when I lived in Medellin, at thatmoment, thatday, oneday, etc.<br />?<br />
contractions<br />I´ve = I have<br />You´ve = You have<br />He ´s = He has<br />She´s = She has<br /> It´s = It has<br />We´ve = We have<br />You´ve = You have<br />They´ve = They have<br />
Presentperfect<br />aFFIRMATIVE<br />I have Fished<br />You have Fished<br />He hasFished<br />She hasFished<br /> It hasFished<br />We have Fished<br />You have Fished<br />They have Fished<br />
Presentperfect<br />INTERROgative<br />Have I Flown ?<br />Have you Flown ?<br />Has he Flown ?<br />HasShe Flown ?<br />Has it Flown ?<br />Have we Flown ?<br />Have you Flown ?<br />Have they Flown ?<br />
Examples<br /> <br />I havebeento Cartagena.<br />Thissentencemeansthatyouhavehadtheexperience of being in Cartagena. Maybeyouhavebeenthere once, orseveral times. <br />I havebeento Cartagena four times.<br />You can addthenumber of times at theend of thesentence. <br />I haveneverbeento Cartagena.<br />Thissentencemeansthatyouhavenothadtheexperience of goingto Cartagena. <br />
Makingthecorrectform. <br /> Carolina (be)_______ my friend for over 5 years. We (know)_______ each other since we were children. Just, she and his boyfriend Diego (move)________ to a house on the same street as me, and now we go together to the university every day.<br /> Carolina and Diego (have)________ a relationship for five years. They (play)_________ for the same volleyball team every Saturday, Diego is a better player than Carolina, but in the last week he (have)_________ some trouble with his left arm. He (see)_______ the doctor several times about his arm, but the doctor doesn't know what is causing his pain. For that reason Diego (decide)______ to take a break from volleyball for a while, so that his arm can recover. <br />
bibliography<br />LARSEN-FREEMAN Diane,Grammar Domensions,2000;Madrid España<br />SASLOW Allen, Top Notch 2006; New York<br />HEWINGS Martin, Advanced Grammar in use,1999;New York.<br />Images and informationon:<br />1.http://www.linkmesh.com/gente<br />http://google/presentperfect.com<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fnzlOYaeOwU<br />