Alexis mortonthe magna carta (1) 2

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Alexis mortonthe magna carta (1) 2

  1. 1. Alexis Morton Law 12 ~ September 2011 The Magna Carta
  2. 2. What is the Magna Carta? <ul><li>An English charter that challenged the monarch (King John) and their powers </li></ul><ul><li>Issued in 1215 </li></ul><ul><li>Passed into law in 1225 </li></ul><ul><li>Modified and reissued later in the 13 th c </li></ul><ul><li>Is also referred to as ‘The Great Charter’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who? <ul><li>King John of England was forced into signing by his barons </li></ul><ul><li>It was written by Archbishop Stephon Langton and the barons </li></ul><ul><li>King John > </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where? <ul><li>On June 15, 1215, the Magna Carta was signed in a field in Runnymede in Egham, Surrey, South England </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why? <ul><li>The barons were unhappy with King John because of: </li></ul><ul><li>higher taxes </li></ul><ul><li>losing multiple wars </li></ul><ul><li>conflict with the pope </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Prince Louis (French heir) and King Alexander II of Scotland supported the barons </li></ul><ul><li>King John signed the ‘Articles of the Barons’ with his Great Seal </li></ul><ul><li>The barons only then renewed their oaths of fealty to King John on June 19 th , 1215 </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is the significance? <ul><li>The Magna Carta founded the English Liberties of today </li></ul><ul><li>The rights given to the barons were eventually given to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>The Charter overturned the order of powers – removing them from the monarch and giving them to the people </li></ul>
  8. 8. What does this mean to Canada? <ul><li>Canada was once a colony of England; our rules and laws were written in accordance to British law </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, the Magna Carta shaped our rights and laws that we have today. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Clauses of the Magna Carta still on statute <ul><li>Clause 1,the freedom of the English Church </li></ul><ul><li>Clause 9 (13 in the 1215 charter) liberty and free customs </li></ul><ul><li>Clause 29 (39 in the 1215 charter) habeas corpus – the right to a trail before imprisonment </li></ul>
  10. 10. Important laws Imposed by the Magna Carta <ul><li>Habeas Corpus – right to trail before imprisonment </li></ul><ul><li>Equity – no one is above the law </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes not to be raised besides </li></ul><ul><li>feudal dues with consent of </li></ul><ul><li>parliament </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/magna-carta.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Magna Carta hand out (wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>All About Law Fifth Edition (Nelson) </li></ul><ul><li>The End! </li></ul><ul><li>~Alexis Morton </li></ul>

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