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Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
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Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape

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Presentation on the last finding during the Academic Coffee Session for the Malaysian PhD Communities held on 25 July 2009, in Murdoch University, Australia.

Presentation on the last finding during the Academic Coffee Session for the Malaysian PhD Communities held on 25 July 2009, in Murdoch University, Australia.

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  • 1. Academic Coffee Session (ACS)
    25 July 2009, Murdoch University
    MyPSAWA
    Wiki Pedagogy: Changing The Education Landscape
    Presented By: Norhisham MohamadNordinUniversity of Western AustraliaEmail: norhishamn@gmail.com
  • 2. Content outline
    Introduction
    Theoretical framework
    Research questions
    Study setting
    Research method
    Results
    Discussion
    Conclusion
    Reflecting on PhD Journey
    Questions and Answers
  • 3. Current Classroom Scenario
    “Imagine in a classroom where what you learn only comes directly from your teacher. You don’t have any textbook to refer to, merely your teacher’s presentation slides where you have stared blankly from the LCD projector. You can’t ask question or give opinion, but only to listen. The excitement is because your are having your class in a computer lab. Sadly, you cant’ even turn on the computer. You have so many questions to ask but do not know who to turn to. Your classmates have lost interest in the teaching. They are playing games with their mobile phone. Your teacher reminded you that what she taught today will be in the coming mid term exam and you don’t have any clues what she is talking about for the entire 75 minutes of class time!”
    Question:
    Does this sound like an exciting and fun classroom learning ?
  • 4. Imagine otherwise…
    You create your own learning, share with friends, use Internet and other online application to help you learn, 24/7
    “Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That’s what we’re doing”
    --Jimmy Wales,
    Wikipedia founder (Wales, 2004)
  • 5. Introduction :Definition of wiki
    Wikipedia.org
    A wiki is a website that uses wiki software, allowing the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked Web pages, using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor, within the browser.
    Klobas (2006)
    “the software [that] enables people both to read and edit the content of the site, while the site that readers see has been produced by multiple authors interacting with the software”
  • 6. Theoretical Framework:Social Constructivist Theory
    Study based on social constructivist theory by Vygotsky (1978)
    language and culture play essential roles both in human intellectual development and in how humans perceive the world.
    human cognitive structure is essentially socially constructed. Knowledge is not simply constructed but it is co-constructed.
    The social construction of knowledge through learning is therefore a collaborative process.
  • 7. Theoretical Framework: Activity Theory
    Social constructivist theory is often explained in relation to activity based learning theory or activity theory for short .
    The expansion of Vygotsky’s ideas was developed largely under the activity theory banner.
    Activity theory supports several pedagogy approaches
    In this study, the approaches will be on:
    project based learning,
    inquiry based learning and
    problem based learning
  • 8. Research questions
    Main theme question for the study:
    “How can wikis effectively support computer supported collaborative learning and knowledge sharing in schools?”
    Specifically, the study addresses two sub-questions:
    1. What learning approaches are appropriate for online collaborative learning using wikis in school?
    2. What are the key factors that contribute to effective use of wikis in school?
  • 9. Study setting
    16 year old students in Malaysian schools
    Taking Information Communication & Technology (ICT) courses of 6 modules
    Wikis used in 2 modules:
    ICT and Society
    Multimedia
  • 10. Study setting
    N=169 Students – 74 Male and 95 Female
    11 schools – 6 Smart Schools , 5 normal schools
    Mix of urban, rural settings
    Assumption:
    Student taking ICT courses are IT literate
    Teachers integrate Internet into teaching and learning
  • 11. Research methodology
    Design based research in education
    Design Based Research - (DBR, Brown, 1992; Collins, 1992) is the study of learning through:
    systematic design
    instructional strategies and tools
    DBR shapes real learning environments through educational interventions
    In this study: Design pedagogy activities using wiki
  • 12. Research methodology
    Initial Design Study
    Design 1
    Design 2
    Design 3
    Design 4
    Evaluation
    Iterative Process
    Testing/ Measuring the result
    Finalize Design Study
    Re-design Study After Interview With Teachers
    Re-design Study After Introduction To Wiki
  • 13. Research methodology
    Quantitative – 5 Likert scales questionnaire
    Qualitative
    Student Group Interview – Semi structured
    Teacher Individual - Semi Structured Interview
  • 14. Results
    Activity completion rates :
    100% in Ice Breaking Session (IBS)
    87% Completed Task 1 (Inquiry based learning pedagogical approach )
    62% Completed Task 2 (Problem based learning pedagogical approach )
    25% Completed Task 3 (Project based learning pedagogical approach )
    Factors contributing to success of the designed activities using wikis:
    Proportion groups member between 4-5 for effective learning
    Incorporate real life (scenario) in learning design
    Implement introductory wiki courses
    Encourage wiki editing culture
  • 15. Discussion
    Wiki study is an eye opener for teacher to fully utilized Internet, specifically Web 2.0 tools in their classroom
    Activities in wiki need to be design according to pedagogy
    Complement traditional class learning and enhance student understanding
    High group participation in active learning
    Mutual benefit among group as knowledge is shared
    Self directed learning – set pace of learning
    Acquiring new learning not covered in class
  • 16. Conclusion
    Clear evidence in the study that wiki can be used as a tools to support collaborative learning and knowledge sharing in schools
    Wiki pedagogy used in teaching & learning:
    design learning around the education syllabus
    empowering knowledge to students
    more knowledge shared, more learning done
    build trust, helping each, mutual understanding among students
    teachers facilitates learning, students drives learning
    Web 2.0 integrate in classroom
  • 17. Reflecting On PhD Journey
    Started in 2006:
    • 1st half : Reading and collecting journals, Research method class, prepare Research Proposal
    • 18. 2nd half : Design Instruments
    Data Collection in 2007:
    • 1st half : Pre-study – letter to relevant government bodies, schools, teachers
    • 19. 2nd half : Begin study – approximate 4 months, reconciliation of data after study
    Analyzing Data in 2008 :
    • 1st half : Ch. 3 & Ch. 4
    • 20. 2nd half : Ch. 5 & Ch. 6
    Completing Thesis in 2009 :
    • Completing Ch. 1 & Ch. 2
    • 21. Synchronizing the thesis flow
    • 22. Attends conference and opportunities for future research
  • Reflecting On PhD Journey
    Be firm on your believes
    Know your study
    Acknowledge supervisor insightful view
    Start writing early on
    Organize well – study, family & friends
    Remember – PhD is the beginning, not
    the end
    Full Submission to The Creator
  • 23. Thank you
    Question and Answer Session
    norhishamn@gmail.com

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