Final technical report baru

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Final technical report baru

  1. 1. 3.3 HOUSING ....................................................................................... 34 3.7.3 ROAD INTERSECTION ............................................................ 164 3.3.1 HOUSING DISTRIBUTION AND PATTERN ................................ 35 3.7.4 TRAFFIC VOLUME.................................................................. 171Table of Contents1.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................... 2 3.3.2 HOUSING DENSITY.................................................................. 39 3.7.5 TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT ....................................................... 183 1.1 GENERAL IDEA OF SPECIAL AREA PLAN .......................................... 2 3.3.3 HOUSING CONDITION ............................................................ 42 3.7.6 PARKING STUDIES ................................................................. 186 1.2 IMPORTANCE OF SPECIAL AREA PLAN IN STUDY AREA .................. 2 3.3.4 HOUSING PROJECTION ........................................................... 46 3.7.7 PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION.................................................... 190 1.3 PURPOSES OF TECHNICAL REPORT ................................................. 2 3.4.1 COMMERCIAL PATTERNS AND DISTRIBUTION ....................... 50 3.7.8 PEDESTRIAN .......................................................................... 195 1.4 ISSUES AND CONSTRAINTS ............................................................. 2 3.4 COMMERCIAL AND SERVICES ........................................................ 50 3.8 URBAN DESIGN AND CONSERVATION ......................................... 199 1.5 MISSION, OBJECTIVES AND VISION ................................................. 3 3.4.2 CURRENT COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES ...................................... 53 3.8.1 TOWNSCAPE ELEMENT .................................................. 2082.0 SITE PROFILE........................................................................................ 4 3.4.3 COMMERCIAL’S BUILDING CONDITIONS................................ 72 3.8.2 VISUAL QUALITY ............................................................ 215 2.1 SITE BACKGROUND ......................................................................... 4 3.4.4 PREMISES OWNERSHIP .......................................................... 80 3.8.3 CONSERVATION BUILDINGS AND AREA IN KUALA KUBU 3.4.5 COMMERCIAL PROJECTION .................................................... 89 BHARU ........................................................................................... 238 2.2 HIERARCHY OF TOWN ..................................................................... 4 3.5.1 EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES ....................................................... 90 5.9.1 SOFTSCAPE ELEMENTS ......................................................... 249 2.3 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION ........................................................... 4 3.5 PUBLIC FACILITIES.......................................................................... 90 3.9 LANDSCAPE AND RECREATION .............................................. 249 2.4 HISTORY OF KUALA KUBU BHARU .................................................. 5 3.5.2 TRAINING INSTITUTIONS ........................................................ 92 5.9.2 HARDSCAPE ELEMENTS ........................................................ 253 2.4.1 LEGEND BECOMES A PART OF HISTORY................................... 5 3.5.3 ADMINISTRATION................................................................... 96 5.9.3 RECREATION ......................................................................... 256 2.4.2 SUPERSTITIONS. ....................................................................... 5 3.5.4 RELIGIOUS FACILITIES ............................................................. 99 3.10 ENVIRONMENT .......................................................................... 263 2.4.3 THE AFTERMATH ...................................................................... 5 3.5.5 RECREATIONAL FACILITIES ................................................... 103 3.10.1 TOPOGRAPHY AND DRAINAGE PATTERN ........................... 264 2.5 LOCATION........................................................................................ 6 3.5.6 CULTURAL FACILITIES ........................................................... 106 3.10.2 LOCAL CLIMATE .................................................................. 2683.0 SECTORAL FOCUS ................................................................................ 7 3.5.7 HEALTH FACILITIES ............................................................... 108 3.10.3 RIVER WATER QUALITY ....................................................... 270 3.1 LAND USE ........................................................................................ 7 3.5.8 SAFETY FACILITIES ................................................................ 109 3.10.4 AIR QUALITY........................................................................ 273 3.1.1 LAND USE DISTRIBUTIONS ....................................................... 9 3.5.9 CEMETRIES ........................................................................... 110 3.10.5 NOISE LEVEL ........................................................................ 275 3.1.2 COMMITED DEVELOPMENT ................................................... 11 3.5.10 TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES ............................................ 111 3.11 TOURISM.................................................................................... 278 3.1.3 LAND OWNERSHIP ................................................................. 12 3.5.11 WELFARE FACILITIES ........................................................... 111 3.11.2 ACCOMMODATION............................................................. 295 3.1.4 LAND VALUE ........................................................................... 12 3.5.12 PROJECTION ....................................................................... 115 3.11.3 PROFILE AND TOURIST ARRIVAL IN KUALA KUBU BHARU .. 297 3.1.5 LAND AVAILIBILITY ................................................................. 12 3.6 INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES................................................ 120 4.0 CONCLUSION ............................................................................. 306 3.2.1 TOTAL POPULATION IN KUALA KUBU BHARU........................ 18 3.5.1 ELECTRICAL SUPPLY .............................................................. 121 5.0 GANTT CHART .................................................................................. 307 3.2 DEMOGRAPHY & SOCIO-ECONOMY ............................................. 18 3.2.2 GENDER (SEX RATIO) .............................................................. 19 3.5.2 TELECOMMUNICATION ........................................................ 124 3.2.3 ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION ........................................................... 19 3.5.3 DRAINAGE SYSTEM ............................................................... 127 3.2.4 AGE ......................................................................................... 20 3.5.4 WATER SUPPLY ..................................................................... 132 3.2.6 DEPENDENCY RATE ................................................................ 21 3.5.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT .............................................. 138 3.2.7 EMPLOYMENT DISTRIBUTION ................................................ 21 3.5.6 SEWERAGE SYSTEM .............................................................. 142 3.2.6 STANDARD LIVING OF COMMUNITY...................................... 25 3.7 TRAFFIC &TRANSPORTATION ...................................................... 148 3.2.7 SAFETY LEVEL OF COMMUNITY ............................................. 28 3.7.1 ROAD CIRCULATION ............................................................. 149 3.2.8 EDUCATIONAL LEVEL.............................................................. 30 3.7.2 ROAD GEOMETRIC AND ROAD CAPACITY ............................ 153 1
  2. 2. 1.0 INTRODUCTION The importance of Kuala Kubu Bharu Special Area Plan is: 1.3 PURPOSES OF TECHNICAL REPORT1.1 GENERAL IDEA OF SPECIAL AREA PLAN  Translate the policies and proposals in the Selangor State Technical report is one of the processes that includes in preparing aS Structure Plan 2020 in a more specific ways in terms of comprehensive Special Area Plan. The purpose is to explain in pecial Area Plan (SAP) is an improvement plan provided current and future land use. details all the information and data regarding Kuala Kubu Bharu in short periods for the implementation objectives. The area based on the survey and research. After all the data have been main product of SAP is a Development Action Plan  Ensure the development strategy and direction of Kuala analyzed, crucial information will be extracted. Thru this process,prepared whether in layout plan form or Management Plan which Kubu Bharu Special Area Plan corresponds with the the issues and constraints for Kuala Kubu Bharu area can besupported by specification. SAP also provides proposal of Selangor State Structure Plan 2020. recognized and identified. All of these data will become a summarydevelopment programmed which contains phase, cost, and  Provide more specifically the development guidelines based about the research findings for every aspect such as residential,implementation approach. SAP prepared for the purpose speed up a on the general guidelines proposed by the Selangor State commercial and etc which it will draw out the suitable proposal toplan advancement detailed patterned local and for those areas Structure Plan 2020. Kuala Kubu Bharu Special Area Plan tackle all the issues and constraints in Development Proposalhaving special interest. In ascertaining site selection for SAP also provides basic criteria and principles Report. At this stage, general idea of proposal can be identify soprovision should give consideration into two (2) factors namely that the more specific plan can be executed in the next stage.regional importance and SAP size of the area. Generally SAP area  Provide the foundation in coordinating the developmentsize necessarily suitable and easy manage (manageable), subject to programmed including the projects which have beenthat the authorities need. As guide, proposed RKKs size of the area identified in the planning studies and land development by 1.4 ISSUES AND CONSTRAINTSwhich involves development area is not exceeding 100 hectares. various government and private entities.  Identify the natural and man-made resources in Kuala Kubu In developing the Kuala Kubu Bharu, the major issue that had been Bharu which possess environment significance, historical identified is uncontrolled development which threatening the role1.2 IMPORTANCE OF SPECIAL AREA PLAN IN STUDY value and the scenery which ought to be conserved. of Kuala Kubu Bharu as heritage of the garden city in Malaysia andAREA  Ensuring allocation of social facilities, utilities and an administrative town of Hulu Selangor. The issue is:Kuala Kubu Bharu Special Area Plan is a document containing an infrastructure are balanced with the present and future  Some green area which is a main element of the garden cityoverall plan for Kuala Kubu Bharu which includes the Proposal development. concept had been turning off into permanent physicalMap and Written Statements supported by the implementation  Coming up with and discussing the planning issues and building. Uncontrolled development adjacent to the greenguidelines meant for special action development and land use. giving detail proposals to the public. The study ought to belt in the study area can cause the concept of garden city is clearly explain the development consequences which will gradually disappear from view. be in their favor and opportunities that will arise.  Most of the heritage building such monument and government agencies building in the study area are not preserved and conserved as much as it should be.  The government quarters along Jalan Syed Manshor which was a British officer residence during the time of British rule in Malaya is left abandoned and covered with bushes without any conservation activities. 2
  3. 3.  Most of building design of the shop lots in the town DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES centre of Kuala Kubu Bharu town which is rich with The objectives of Kuala Kubu Bharu Special Area Plan are to: historical value is not conserved and there is no standard guideline in controlling the renovation  Strengthen the function of Kuala Kubu Bharu as the activities of the building. administrative centre of Hulu Selangor through effective and comprehensive physical appearance and public infrastructure.1.5 MISSION, OBJECTIVES AND VISION  Enhance the image of Kuala Kubu Bharu due to its heritageMISSION as the first garden city being implemented in Malaysia.The mission of Kuala Kubu Bharu Technical Report is to improve  Improve the traffic condition in Kuala Kubu Bharu to servethe image of Kuala Kubu Bharu as the administrative centre of its function as the administrative centre of Hulu Selangor.District Hulu Selangor in-line with its history as the heritage of  Improve the image and the identity of Kuala Kubu Bharugarden city. according to fundamental characteristic due to its history as the first garden city in Malaysia.VISION  Upgrade the quality of the public transportation services suitable to its function as the administrative centre of Hulu REJUVENATE THE Selangor.  Improve socio-economic status and supportive facilities VINTAGE with consideration of the needs of local residents.  Preserve and conserve the natural resources as well as the built environment significance on the heritage and naturalThe vision for Special Area Plan of Kuala Kubu Bharu is: environment.“Rejuvenate the Vintage” means giving a new breath to Kuala  Strengthen Kuala Kubu Bharu as the transit centre forKubu Bharu town, which in a way to elevate the current status of economy and tourism.Kuala Kubu Bharu town as administrative centre of Hulu Selangordistrict in-line with its history as the first garden city in Malaysia. 3
  4. 4. 2.0 SITE PROFILE2.1 SITE BACKGROUNDKuala Kubu Bharu (KKB) is a rebuilt city after the old town of Kuala Kubu was destroyed in floods thatoccurred in 1883 and 1926. KKB has a high historical value based on the citys role in the past as an arearich in tin mining and the position as gateway to Pahang. As well as the myth of its own, this area is alsothe first „Garden City in Malay Land at that time. The function of Kuala Kubu Bharu is as an administrative centre as all of the governmentbuilding situated in the main town. The KKB still maintain the green physical characteristic. Residentialquarters and a lot of various government institutions remained in the urban character of the area whilestill maintaining its heritage. In addition, KKB is also a transit point for visitors heading to Frasers Hill.Thus, KKB should be developing with more effectively to exploit its resources as KKB is still a focal STUDY AREApoint of local and rural communities. However, natural features shall be preserved in KKB.2.2 HIERARCHY OF TOWNAccording to the Selangor Structure Plan of 2020, Kuala Kubu Baru Town has been categorized as theSub-Regional Centre which is the third hierarchy in the hierarchy of the Growth Centre and Partial of theStrategic Development of Selangor after the Country Regional Centre and the State Regional Centre.From the context of development zone of the existing state, Kuala Kubu Bharu Town is a part of the„Scenic Development Network‟ Selangor, where from the Networking aspects region. The town is alsoknown as the centre of secondary transit that connects between Selangor, Fraser Hills and TanjungMalim.2.3 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION The population of people in Kuala Kubu Bharu will increase yearly and the number of population LEGENDwas estimated in table below. YEAR POPULATION 2007 14477 2011 14897 PROJECTION ` Figure 2.2.1: Hierarchy of Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2020 15866 Source: Hulu Selangor District Council (MDHS)Figure 2.3.1: The population distribution.Source: Hulu Selangor District Council (MDHS) 4
  5. 5. 2.4 HISTORY OF KUALA KUBU BHARU2.4.1 LEGEND BECOMES A PART OF HISTORY 2.4.2 SUPERSTITIONS.On 29/10/1883, major flood has occurred in Selangor River. The floods have caused collapse of KualaKubu dam and submerge the entire weekend Kuala Kubu. This important event recorded in the historybecause this flood leads to the existing Kuala Kubu Bharu town. The broken dam is approximately 1.6 The residents of Kuala Kubu Bharu remember the tragedy that occurred over a century ago in 1883,kilometres and width exceeding 91.4 meters. It was made using log and land reclaim across Sungai Kubu when a much smaller dam across the Selangor River burst and destroyed the entire town. They say thewhich a small river from Sungai Selangor. first District Magistrate and Revenue Collector, Cecil Ranking, tried to kill the crocodile penunggu (spirit guardian of the river) in defiance of the native superstitions - and within Kuala Kubu area can be said as the rain catchment area and it was often rain here. Due to the days a monstrous flash flood smashed the dam and buried Kuala Kubu town under tons of mud. After theheavy rain, the river becomes shallow and illegal logging activities unfortunately contribute to the waters subsided, Ranking‟s body was found atop a tree (which gives a graphic idea how high theerosion of riverside. Not long after, Sungai Selangor can no long hold the amount of water and it floodwaters reached).collapse, destroying all old Kuala Kubu town. 2.4.3 THE AFTERMATH The incident has claimed a lot of lives and property. A total of 33, including Cecil Ranking, FirstEnglish District Officer and Magistrate in the district were killed. 38 houses washed away and the only After the tragedy, the British government decided to build a new town near the remains of Kuala Kubu.source of economy in that particular area that is tin mines also was badly impact. This tragedy also The new town was named Kuala Kubu Bharu, with Bharu meaning "new" in the Malay language.known as the “History of Kuala Kubu” Residential houses have been developed since the 1980s in the previously abandoned old town, or Ampang Pecah. Most inhabitants are from the nearby new town of Kuala Kubu Bharu. The redevelopment of Ampang Pecah, the site of the old town, was a natural progression on the organic Kuala Kubu opened in the eighteenth century by the Malays and they are the workers of tin growth of the new township of Kuala Kubu Bharu. A monument was built here to commemorate themining activities in that area. The District is also a bastion of resistance between Syed Mashor, Raja Kuala Kubu tragedy.Mahdi against Tengku Kudin in the Selangor Civil War in 1867-1874. (Sources: Arkib Negara) The effort to rebuild Kuala Kubu has been made, and in 1931, the town of Kuala Kubu Bharu hasbeen developed which remains until now and known as the Hulu Selangor district administrative centre,replacing Kuala Kubu Old which in the memories. 5
  6. 6. 2.5 LOCATIONSELANGOR is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is Kuala Kubu Bharu located in the North part of Selangor in Sub-District of Ampang Pecah under thebordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Administration of Hulu Selangor District Council. The study area of Kuala Kubu Bharu is approximatelyMalacca to the west. The study area which is Hulu Selangor, located in the North part of Selangor, 66Km from Kuala Lumpur, 21Km from Tanjung Malim and 10Km from Rawang.Malaysia. KE IPOH PERAK L L L LE B B B BU Jln H H H H n n n RA Pe A A AY rs s s se k k k ku A A A A tu u u ua n n n n KE RAUB Bukit Tanjung Fraser Malim PAHANG • Ulu Bernam Gap Kalumpang STUDY AREA STUDY AREA Kawasan Kajian i eng .T Sg Kuala HULU Kerling Kubu Bharu SELANGOR Rasa r go lan Se KUALA Sg. Batang SELANGOR Kali Bukit Beruntung Genting Hulu Highlands Yam Bandar Sg Buaya SerendahFigure 2.5.1: The Key Plan of Kuala Kubu Bharu Sg. Choh Rawang GOMBAK Rawang KUALA LUMPUR GOMBAK LEGEND KE KUALA LUMPUR Main Road and Highway Site Boundary Rivers Figure 2.5.2: The Location Plan of Kuala Kubu Bharu 6
  7. 7. OBJECTIVE METHODOLOGY OF LAND USE SECTOR3.0 SECTORAL FOCUS The main objectives of this land use study are to identify; The chronology/methodology of how data are going to be present3.1 LAND USE  To identify the existing land use pattern of Kuala Kubu and analyze can be understood by show. Bharu study area.P Goal hysical aspect study and land use was conducted to  To verify the available land that exists and the potential to determine the current state or the changes that occurred be developed. STAGE 1 Objective mainly on the pattern of land use in KKB. This research SCOPE OF STUDIES Scope of studiesfocuses on the dispersion of land use and land-use group Scope One: Land use Pattern and Distributions.  Land use pattern and distribution are related to the existing Technical Report Focusclassification being based on land use was determined to find outthe current pattern of land use in the KKB. The analysis carried out of the land use in terms of the types, acreage and percentage Findings: Primary Datawill be able to determine the ability and preparedness of the land of the land use and also the intensity of the land use at study STAGE 2 All the primary data can beand help in forming the future strategies of development to address area. done by fieldwork, observation,current issues related to the physical aspects of the KKB. In photo and etc.addition, the potential areas and the obstacle will also be identified. Scope Two: Land Ownership.Thus, aspects of land use studies are necessary to ensure that each  Land ownership is related to ownership of the land whether Findings: Secondary Datacomponent of the proposed development of appropriate and timely it belong to government, private land or gazette land and The secondary data can bewith the current situation as well as land use can prevent a host of also the lot title of the land and the owners. used from the relatedproblems and conflicts of land use. department such as MDHS STAGE 3 Land Use has been concerned with the use of ground space. Scope Three: Land Value. and local authority.The classifications of land uses are; Residential, commercial,  Land value can be estimate based on location and potential The data can be shown byindustrial, open space and recreational area, and agriculture. The of the site. If the land near to the commercial or near the using models such as chart,existing pattern of land uses also taking a look into the matter of town city the value is more expensive than others. table and etc.land ownership, land value, land availability, potential andconstraints, issues and problems related to the land uses as well as Scope four: Committed Development.  Committed development is a development that still in ANALYSISthe adjacent land use developments and committed developments progress and also the development that have been proposed STAGE 4which will bring impact to the study area physically, economically Analysis can be done byand socially. to the site for the future. This committed development interpreting the outcome of usually covered stage by stage until it complete and it also findings. take a long period to implement and finish. Scope five: Land Availability.  Land availability is an empty land that can be used for development for the future. 7
  8. 8. TOPOGRAPHY PLAN OF KUALA KUBU BHARU LEGEND Two-Dimensional View (2D)Note * Plan View of Kuala Kubu Bharu LocationEach scale given is measuring two meters. 8
  9. 9. GENERAL OVERVIEW OF LAND USE CONTENTS SCOPE DATA/FINDINGS PURPOSE OUTCOME  Recognize the trends of Land Use. ONE Pattern and distribution: Type, Acreage, and To determine the distributions and pattern of the  Ensure the compatibility of Land Uses with Percentage of existing land use. land use of Kuala Kubu Bharu. other sector.  Optimize the land management. TWO Land Ownership To identify whether the land is under government or  View of tenure and ownership of the land. private. To compare KKB‟s current land value by evaluating  Comparison and reason of the different land THREE Land Value current and previous land value of every corner and values. parcel. FOUR Committed Development To ensure the township development is focused on  Determine future development for site study. the stated development area. FIVE Land Availability To verify the available land that exist and it‟s  Identified existing surrounding land that can potential to be developed. be developed.PHYSICAL ANALYSIS OF CURRENT LAND USE Table 3.1.1: The details of current land use in KKB3.1.1 LAND USE DISTRIBUTIONS The whole KKB is covering an area of 1463.33 acres of land uses I. Topography. consists of residential, business and services, industrial, AREA PERCENTAGE NO CURRENT LAND USE (Acres) (%) Generally, the physical characteristics of the whole area of agricultural, institution and community facilities, open space and recreation, and road networks. In addition there is also committed 1 Residential 328.61 22.46KKB are flat. There is a hilly area with a height of 124 meters 2 Commercial & Services 143.97 9.84above sea level which is in the area near the commuter station to the development either in the implementation of the project or 3 Industrial 4.21 0.28KKB and the other area of 84 meters at the Government Hill‟s road has obtained the approval of MDHS. In conclusion, major 4 Agriculture 97.85 6.69and in the northern part of KKB which is at quarters housing area component of our study area is conquered by road type of land use 5 Institution & Public 326.54 22.31 with total acreage and percentage of 342.46 and 23.40%. This Facilitiesnear the Hulu Selangor District Hospital and the lowest height is 56 6 Open Space & 28.78 1.97meters. Based on the topography, it is not a barrier for this KKB to followed by residential with total acreage of 328.61 acres and Recreations 7 Vacant Land 190.91 13.05receive any form of physical development because the area does percentage of 22.46% and institution and public facilities with the 8 Transportation (Road) 342.46 23.40not have steep slope or any physical aspect that require special size of 326.54 acres that is 22.31%; this clearly shows that KKB is TOTAL 1463.33 100.00planning. building a stable area for development. 9
  10. 10. I. Residential III. Agriculture. V. Institutions and Community Facilities As the crucial type of land use in every development, There are several agricultural areas in the KKB such Land use for institution and public facilities covers an arearesidential cover up of a total of 328.61 acres or 22% or the total as rubber and various traces of crops such as of 326.54 acres (22.31%). The category of institution and publicarea. From these total acreages, it consists of private housing units banana plantations with the total area 97.85 acre (6.69%). Both facilities are educational, religious, heath, government institution,by 1963 (59.41%) and government quarters of 1480 housing units areas are close to the industry and residential areas. This shows other public facilities and cemeteries. The land use for educational(40.59%). From the total, it is estimated 70% of housing in poor that many residents in the area of agricultural activities although purposes covers around 80.4 acres(24.64%)., which in the casecondition but still have occupants. Most of the private housing is the location of the agricultural area is quite unfavourable since it is only include secondary schools, primary schools, religious schoolslocated just off the KKB and acceptable condition. The residential located at the hilly area and will require high cost to develop it. and kindergarten. Religious place like masjid and temple cover anquarters consist of JKR quarters, traffic police, police headquarters, area of 6.51 acres (2.00%). Hospital and clinic takes up a total areahospitals, military and teachers. Majority in poor condition but still IV. Commercials and Services. of 33.57 acres (10.28%) and followed by government institutionoccupied and there were some old abandoned quarters in Jalan The majority of commercials activities and services in KKB which sums of 33.63acres (10.30%).Hospital, Jalan Syed Mashor, Rasathurai Road and Traffic Police are located in development commercial area, which covers the total An institution and community facility in the KKB shows aquarters in the way of the Government Hill. But the quarters are area 143.97 acres (9.84%). Among the types of business are as well-planned layout. The location of public facilities can be easevery well planned and some of it has its own historical value. retail, food and drinks, markets, food courts and a variety of for the people to deal with such as with the government‟s officeAlmost all of them are under the care of Public Works Department services to meet the people need. Besides that there are also and school. Besides that, there are some institutions(JKR). hawkers alongside the main roads. In addition, there are lots of that developed away from the other institutions vacant commercial land with no development and creating an environment that is not uniform in the commercial. Table 3.1.2: Institutions and Public facilities current Land Use. LAND USE RESIDENTIAL LAND USE UNITS PERCENTAGE (%) INSTITUTIONS NO AREA PERCENTAGE AND PUBLIC (ACRES) (%)Private Housing 2167 59.41 FACILITIES Institutions 9 80.4 24.62 Religious 6 6.51 2.00 Health 2 33.57 10.28 Government 13 33.63 10.30 Examples of commercial at KualaKubu Bharu InstitutionGovernment 1480 40.59 Others Public 2 166.02 50.84 Facilities In conclusion, the pattern of land use KKB commercial is at Cemetery 2 6.41 1.96 least satisfactory, especially in terms of land use planning which of TOTAL 25 326.54 100.00 the conflicting land use as well as the development of commercial that is not in order. Industrial land use in the KKB is a wide area In conclusion, the Institutions and Public Facilities play an 4.21 acre (0.28%), which consists of two lots of land light important role to the communities of KKB because they basically TOTAL 3647 100.00 industrial activities in Jalan Pahang. fill the basic need of people in KKB. II. 10
  11. 11. Table 3.1.3: The Schedule shows the numbers of Public Facilities In overall, land use for open space and recreational in KKB is 28.78 VIII. Vacant Land.in KKB. acres (1.97%) of the overall land use. Vacant Land in KKB can be categorized as these: TYPE OF FACILITIES CURRENT STATUSSecondary School 3 Schools Figure 1.4: Land Use of Open Space and Recreational. A. A slump area for example the area near the Royal Police LAND USE FOR OPEN Institute. NO. SPACE AND AREA (acres) PERCENTAGPrimary School 6 Schools B. Infill land where the commercial lots are not being built by RECREATIONAL E (%)Hospital District Hospital 1. Open Space 19.40 67.41 the owner. No. of staffs: 270 (30 vacancies)Police Station District Police HQ Overall, vacant lands in KKB covers 190.01acres (13.05%) ofFire Station D Class (1 hall, 3 bay) the whole land uses. All these vacant lands are not being taken care For the need of <20,000 people of and really give bad impressions to the whole KKB especially in 2. Sports and Recreational 9.38 32.59 the town area. These lands really need to be developed as it has lot Based on the table above, the needs of the community of potentials to boost the current economy of KKB.facilities available in the KKB is sufficient. However, there are alsofacilities that have yet to meet the standards set requirements, suchas hospitals. In addition, fire and rescue facilities are also found tobe in accordance with the standards set specifications. TOTAL 28.78 100.0 VI. Open Space and Recreational. Open space is any open piece of land that is undeveloped (has In conclusion, It can be said that the open space andno buildings or other built structures) and is accessible to the recreational in KKB are mainly for the population as well as people Examples of vacant land at Kuala Kubu Bharu areapublic. Open space provides recreational areas for residents and coming, stopping by or visiting the city, but in such a way ithelps to enhance the beauty and environmental quality of doesn‟t work really well for the open space.neighbourhoods. But with this broad range of recreational sites 3.1.2 COMMITED DEVELOPMENTcomes an equally broad range of environmental issues. Just as in VII. Roads and Transportation. Committed development means that certain land has beenany other land uses, the way parks are managed can have good or 342.46 acres (23.40%) of the KKB are for road developed according to what has been approved by the authority orbad environmental impacts, from pesticide runoff, siltation from and transportation purposes. This amount is included in any development that has been approved by the local authority.overused hiking and logging trails, and destruction of habitat. the road reserve is calculated as a green area and a buffer for the Committed development in KKB includes the development of purpose of road widening and landscaping. Overall, the KKB road Residential lot involving almost 79.05 acres. Based on the analysis, Below are the category of Open Space and Recreational in this area requires more work and maintenance of it can be said that the development trend at Kuala Kubu Bharu isAvailable in KKB: road widening for the proposed route is more comfortable mainly focusing on the residential matter rather than other type of A. Open spaces for landscape and children‟s playground. and easier movement. land use. If this trend continues, unstable development trend will B. Open spaces for sports and recreation such as stadiums and sport complexes. cause problem in the future 11
  12. 12. 3.1.3 LAND OWNERSHIP In term of empty lot, include physical constraints need to be maintain so, after the Vacant Land Price Range (RM per square analysis, the land availability information can be retrieve and The current status shows that 887.69 acres (60.66) of land in feet) making it easier to make early development proposals.KKB is belong to the government and government agencies such as Residential Lot 25~40Telekom, TNB, National Drugs Agency and the others. Commercial Lot 40~60  Class one – Area that require high cost to be develop574.64acres (39.27%) is private own land and the rest which is Agriculture Land 15~25 Criteria for this class one is because of the location of the land0.99acres (0.07%) is belong to private clubs (Chinese temple, which is located at slope of 25% and located on at least 76 m aboveIndian temple and Church) *Source from the Land Office the ground level. This area can be classified as the environmental sensitive area and high cost is require make this place live able.NO LAND AREA PERCENTAGE Based on the price of the land, it can be concluded that the price OWNERSHIP (acres) (%) isn‟t much different with the adjacent location such as Batang Kali1 Government 887.69 60.66  Class two – Area that require moderate cost to be develop or Bukit Beruntung. Even though the price does not have much2 Private 574.64 39.27 Certain area is classified as class two because of the current high3 Clubs 0.99 0.07 different, other factor such as commercial area, location to work TOTAL 1463.33 100.00 development density at particular area like residential, commercial, place and accessibility to Kuala Kubu Bharu are the main reason Figure 1.5: Land Ownership in KKB. industrial, institution and public facilities. With all the development some of these land become abandoned and underutilized. These surrounding, this area might require a little more cost rather than prices might change in the future according the development trend With most of the land is belong to the government, in a way area with less development. of the area and the surrounding area.it will make any development easier especially the physicaldevelopment of the area without too many hassle going through  Class three– Area that require less cost to be developacquisition process and this will save a lot of time. 3.1.5 LAND AVAILIBILITY The usual criteria for this class are the area is located at a less As an existing town, Kuala Kubu Bharu already has a lot of development density area and on a less than 25% degree slope with development in the area. For future expansion to be done, the3.1.4 LAND VALUE the height less than 76m above the ground level. The less develop availability of land, need to be identified. These crucial data‟s, Generally the area of SAP Kuala Kubu Bharu offers various area are ready to be develop since it require less cost. need to be analysed and identified so that the sector such astypes of land use that is residential, commercial and industrial with residential or commercial and et cetera can determine the locationvarious prices according to the types of land use, size and the Based on the analysis, it is understandable that majority of of future development and enhance the existing development atlocation of the land. the Kuala Kubu Bharu area fall under either class 3 which cover Kuala Kubu Bharu area. 992.42 acres of the site (67.81%). Only certain parcel of the land isTypes of Land Value Price Range (RM) classified as class 2 which cover 470.91 acres (32.19%) due to Land availability is an analysis on certain area, which in thisResidential unfavourable topography and the density of the development. case is Kuala Kubu Bharu, which is ready to be developed. To1-Storey Terrace house 40000~100000 There is no environmental sensitive area at the site which explane recognize the suitable development that can be done, analysis to2-Storey Terrace house 100000~200000 the non-existing class one. All in all, land in KKB developmentBungalow 200000+ get the land availability area. Land Availability Analysis is a planCommercial straight away because it is supplied with the sufficient facilities and that produces by the physical sector and land use. It is crucial since2-Storey Shop house 200000~300000 necessities. it differentiate the land, whether it is more suitable to be developed first, or should be hold on because of the constraints. Area that 12
  13. 13. FINDINGS b. Constraints EARLY PROPOSALIn this finding, there are several potential and constraints as well as After the analysis has been complete, the needs of early proposalsissues and problem based on the made analysis. The findings are: i. Urban sprawl of adjacent site with better facilities are crucial so that development plan can be foreseen. The early and economical purposes might be an alternative for proposal to tackle the issues and problems are: a. Potential people to migrate from KKB area.  Establish a team to advertise and promote the tourism ii. Local community detest any future development i. The existing land use in Kuala Kubu Bharu product of Kuala Kubu Bharu area from the developer making the decision to upgrade encourages new population growth. With housing  Convert the existing abandon government quarters to be a KKB town difficult development trend, it supply enough house in the homestay area so that the old buildings can be fully utilized future population projection c. Strategic Issues and Problems once more and generate economy to Kuala Kubu Bharu ii. Private residences and quarters that have in KKB is area. an asset increase of economic resources, i. The existing of government quarters that are old, not  Reconstruct and restore old buildings that have historical particularly to businesses in the City KKB. well manage and abandon on top of government value to improve the image of Kuala Kubu Bharu town. iii. The existing of open spaces and recreational also lowered the visual quality and making the effort to used as one of the potential sites and opportunities develop the area difficult to improve the economy as well as introducing KKB ii. Kuala Kubu Bharu town image and physical aspect to outsiders, particularly the opportunities that are not outstanding and unorganized investment like making advertisement, drama or film, and also the programs organized by the iii. Several types of buildings that need new building government and private sector rehabilitation design for the area that need to be conserved and redevelopment. iv. The committed development in the area and adjacent KKB could provide a iv. Traffic congestion at school area especially during positive impact, especially in terms of economic peak hour creating conflict. development and services to people inside and v. High percentage of the locals that stay in Kuala outside the area. Kubu Bharu is not the actually locals. vi. The existing of tourism products but lacks of advertisement and not maintain. vii. Lacks of public transportation especial public buses in term of quantity, frequency, operation hour and covered area as well as the supporting public facilities. 13
  14. 14. SWOT ANALYSIS. STRENGTH WEAKNESS OPPORTUNITY THREAT  Existing Land Use in KKB,  Residential and quarters that  KKB is a main route of Ipoh-  The development of growth especially for institutions and community have a lot Kuala Lumpur-Raub is the transit centres such facilities to encourage the new population. of lots left empty without point for the tourist to go to the as the Tanjung Malim, Rawang to the development of business Fraser Hills. be an alternative to the  Private residences and quarters that have in indicates that land use is not residents to move into the KKB is an asset increase of economic resources, optimal as well  Land Use institutions and area that much more developed. particularly to businesses in the City KKB. as a conflict of land use. quarters residential is an asset for increase the economic in the area  The existing of open spaces of KKB. and recreational also used as one of potential sites and opportunities to improve the economy as well as introducing KKB to outsiders, particularly the opportunities investment like making ads, drama or film, and also the programs organized by the government and private sector.  The committed development in the area and adjacent KKB could provide a positive impact, especially in terms of economic development and services to people inside and outside the area. 14
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  18. 18. 3.2 DEMOGRAPHY & SOCIO-ECONOMYINTRODUCTION FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS OF DEMOGRAPHY Chart 1: Total population of Kuala Kubu Bharu, 2007, 2011, 2015,S and 2020 ocioeconomy is actually based on demography aspect in For demographycal part, there are two type of finding terms of population pattern such as size, growth, density, which primary and secondary. The primary data obtained from 15866 distribution and vital statistics. Besides, the socioeconomy survey form that have been distributed to selective people. The 15441sector also study the interaction between the human society and total number of survey form have been distributed are 150 copies.economical factor. This sector play an important role on Others, the secondary data obtained from several departments 14897development process in order to know the clear view of population which related to the scope of this sector such as Majlis Daerah 14477patterns in term of projecting the future population to suite the Hulu Selangor (MDHS), Jabatan Kebajikan Malaysia (JKM),development on the site. Royal Malaysian Police (PDRM), and Pejabat Pendidikan Daerah (PPD).DEMOGRAPHY 2007 2011 2015 2020 3.2.1 TOTAL POPULATION IN KUALA KUBU BHARUOBJECTIVE i. To study the total number of population and migration in This table below show the total population in Kuala Kubu Bharu study area. which only cover for the study area boundary in 2007 for the past ii. To identify the age structure of population in the study area. population, 2011 for the current population, 2015 and 2020 From the bar chart above, the data shows that the total iii. To analyse the ethnic distribution in the study area. population for the future. This number of population derived by the population increasing from the 2007 to 2011 (Chart 1). This gives iv. To analyse the sex ratio in the study area. number of houses in study area are multiply by the number of the annual rate of change of 0.7 percent for the period 2007-2011. household. In addition, the total population does not included for These changes of population occur due to growth of populationSOCIOECONOMY trainee because the trainee remain the same and not expand for the either development within study area. The increasing of population projection. is important to know in order to suite the development for theOBJECTIVE future. In 2015 and 2020, the number of population has been 1. To study types of economic activities base in the study Table 1: Total population of Kuala Kubu Bharu, 2007, 2011, 2015, project for future development in order to balance the populaton 2020 area. with the development. Year Total Population (+trainee) 2. To analyse the standard living of community based on household monthly income. 2007 14477 (17339) 3. To investigate the safety level of community based on 2011 14897 (17759) crime rate. 2015 15331 (18193) 4. To study the level of education within the study area. 2020 15865 (18727) 18

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