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Feudalism
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  • 1. The MiddleThe Middle AgesAges
  • 2. FeudalismFeudalism  Increasing violence and lawlessIncreasing violence and lawless countrysidecountryside  Weak turn to the strong for protection,Weak turn to the strong for protection, strong want something from the weakstrong want something from the weak  FeudalismFeudalism= relationship between those= relationship between those ranked in a chain of association (kings,ranked in a chain of association (kings, vassals, lords, knights, serfs)vassals, lords, knights, serfs)  Feudalism worked because of the notionFeudalism worked because of the notion of mutual obligation, or voluntary co-of mutual obligation, or voluntary co- operation from serf to nobleoperation from serf to noble  A man’s word was the cornerstone ofA man’s word was the cornerstone of social lifesocial life Key termsKey terms  FiefFief = land given by a lord in return for a= land given by a lord in return for a vassal’s military service and oath ofvassal’s military service and oath of loyaltyloyalty  SerfsSerfs= aka villeins or common peasants= aka villeins or common peasants who worked the lords landwho worked the lords land  TitheTithe = tax that serfs paid (tax or rent)= tax that serfs paid (tax or rent)  CorveeCorvee= condition of unpaid labour by= condition of unpaid labour by serfs (maintaining roads or ditches on aserfs (maintaining roads or ditches on a manor)manor)