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Solar system

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A powerpoint of the solar system

A powerpoint of the solar system

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  • 1. The Solar System By Sarah Nooy 10Fs
  • 2. The Sun Diameter (km): 1 392 000 which is about 109 times the size of earth Composition: Gas Number of satellites: 9 Temperature: 5,505 °C Length of average year: 225 million earth years (1 cosmic year) Atmosphere: Chromospheres, photosphere, transition region, corona and heliosphere Point of interest: The sun is around 4 billion years old and is expected to live for another 4 billion years
  • 3. Mercury Diameter of each planet (km): 4 878 Distance from sun (km): 58,343,169.6 Composition : Rock Number of satellites: None Temperature: -180 to 430 °C Discovery date: Prehistory Length of average day: 176 Earth Days Length of average year: 88 Earth days Type of atmosphere: None Point of interest: The Hubble telescope can’t look at Mercury because it is too close to the sun
  • 4. Venus Diameter of each planet (km): 12 104 Distance from sun (km): 107,710,466.9 Composition : It is estimated to be similar to Earths Number of satellites: None Temperature: 465 °C Discovery date: Prehistory Length of average day: 243 Earth days Length of average year: 225 Earth days Type of atmosphere: CO 2 Point of interest: Venus is Earths twin. They have similar size, mass and orbits around the sun
  • 5. Earth Diameter of each planet (km): 12 756 Distance from sun (km): 149 597 870.7 Composition : Inner core, outer core, magma and crust Number of satellites: one Temperature: -89 to 58 ºC Discovery date: Earth wasn't disco vered by anyone Length of average day: 24 hours Length of average year: 365 Earth days and in a leap year 336 earth days Type of atmosphere: N 2 +O 2 Point of interest: Earth is the only known planet to have life on it
  • 6.
    • Diameter of each planet (km): 6 787
    • Distance from sun (km): 16 006 972.2
    • Composition : Rock and Iron
    • Number of satellites: 2
    • Temperature: -82 to 0 º C
    • Discovery date: Prehistory
    • Length of average day: 1.03 earth days
    • Length of average year: 1.88 earth days
    • Type of atmosphere: CO 2
    • Point of interest: Mars has a grand canyon that is around the size of one side of America to the other
    Mars
  • 7. Asteroid Belt How are asteroids formed: Asteroids were formed in the big bang and were remains that couldn't form a planet or anything else Number of asteroids: Thousands Distance from sun (km): 402 336 000 Composition : Rock and metal Number of satellites: Thousands Temperature: Roughly -73 ºC Discovery date: 1700's and 1800's Point of interest: Most asteroids are covered in dust
  • 8.
    • Diameter of each planet (km): 142 800
    • Distance from sun (km): 777 908 927.6
    • Composition : Gas
    • Number of satellites: 60
    • Temperature: -150 °C
    • Discovery date: Prehistory
    • Length of average day: 0.41 Earth days
    • Length of average year: 11.86 earth years
    • Type of atmosphere: H 2 +He
    • Point of interest: Jupiter has clouds which are 50km thick
    Jupiter
  • 9. Saturn Diameter of each planet (km): 120 000 Distance from sun (km): 1 427 163 686.4 Composition : Gas Number of satellites: 31 Temperature: -170ºC Discovery date: Prehistory Length of average day: 0.44 earth days Length of average year: 29.46 Type of atmosphere: H 2 +He Point of interest: There could be life on one of Saturn's moons
  • 10. Uranus Diameter of each planet (km): 51 118 Distance from sun (km): 2 869 287 159.8 Composition : Gas Number of satellites: 27 Temperature: -200ºC Discovery date: 1781 Length of average day: 0.72 earth days Length of average year: 84.01 earth days Type of atmosphere: H 2 +He Point of interest: Uranus was the first planet discovered in the modern age
  • 11. Neptune Diameter of each planet (km): 49 528 Distance from sun (km): 4 496 911 993 Composition : Gas Number of satellites: 13 Temperature: -210ºC Discovery date: 1846 Length of average day: 0.72 earth days Length of average year: 164.8 earth years Type of atmosphere: H2+He Point of interest: Neptune has the strongest winds in the solar system. They can reach up to 2100km/hour
  • 12. Pluto Diameter of each planet (km): 2 300 Distance from sun (km): 5 900 140 020 Composition : Rock Number of satellites: 1 Temperature: -220ºC Discovery date: 1930 Length of average day: 6.38 Earth days Length of average year: 247.7 Earth years Type of atmosphere: CH 4 Point of interest: If it were closer to the Sun, Pluto would be a comet
  • 13.
    • How are comets formed: Comets were formed in the Big Bang. The core heated up but not enough to melt the ice on top.
    • Where do they come from: Comets come from the Oort cloud and the Kuiper Belt
    • What is the tail of a comet: The tail of a comet is the melted off dust and gas from the comet when it gets close enough to the sun.
    • Discovery date: 2500BC
    • Some Famous comets: Halley's comet, Hyakutake, Hale-Bopp
    Comets
  • 14.
    • The inner planets are the four closest planets to the sun. They are Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.
    • The inner planets are mostly made of rock and are generally smaller and denser than the outer planets.
    • They also have less moons than the outer planets and don’t have any rings around them either.
    Summary About Inner Planets
  • 15.
    • The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. They are also known as the gas giants.
    • They are known to have more moons than the inner planets and some have rings made out of ice and rock.
    • The inner and outer planets are divided by the asteroid belt.
    Summary About Outer Planets
  • 16.
    • What it is: The Oort cloud is a circular region of comets that surrounds the solar system out to more than 1,000 times the distance between Pluto and the sun.
    • Formation: It was formed in 0001BC. It is believed that the objects in it were once close to the sun but were then pulled away by the planets gravity
    • Location in Solar System: It is found past Pluto. It may even extend to the end of the universe
    • Items found in it: Comets and other small individual things
    • Point of interest: The Oort cloud is the farthest from the sun that is still in the solar system
    Oort Cloud

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