Child Labour

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Child Labour

  1. 1. CHILD LABOUR AND EXPLOITATION Presented By:-Rekha Sethia
  2. 2. Some photos showing child labour in different forms
  3. 3. What is child labour ? <ul><li>Child labour – conventionally referred tochildren working before </li></ul><ul><li>they reached thelawful minimum age for employment in </li></ul><ul><li>theircountry (nowadays usually 14, 15 or, as inthe UK, 16), often </li></ul><ul><li>the same as the cut-offage for compulsory attendance at </li></ul><ul><li>school.Now redefined to refer to all young peopleengaged in </li></ul><ul><li>harmful employment, whetherthey are school-age or older </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why children work? <ul><li>The supply side-What pushes children to </li></ul><ul><li>Work- </li></ul><ul><li>1.Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>2.Family breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>3.Parents suffering from HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>4.Discrimination against minority </li></ul><ul><li>The demand side-Why employers want children </li></ul><ul><li>1.Cheap and obedient </li></ul><ul><li>2.Nimble fingers </li></ul><ul><li>3.Poor infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>4.Inadequate laws </li></ul>
  5. 5. Child Labour <ul><ul><li>5% of children aged 5 -14 years in India work as child labourers working for someone else </li></ul></ul>2 2 2 2 3 4 5 8 15 18 0 5 10 15 20 Madhya Pradesh Punjab Kerala Uttar Pradesh Bihar Orissa India Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh % of children aged 5-14 years working for someone else
  6. 6. Child labour worldwide
  7. 7. Action to stop child labour <ul><li>No single action, however well intentioned, stops child labour or puts </li></ul><ul><li>an end to the harm which children suffer. Instead, we need a </li></ul><ul><li>coordinated set of actions. This involves: </li></ul><ul><li>● Putting the right laws and policies into place (and ensuring the </li></ul><ul><li>public knows about them and the government has the political </li></ul><ul><li>will to implement them). </li></ul><ul><li>● Addressing the root causes of child labour. </li></ul><ul><li>● Preventing children from leaving school and entering the </li></ul><ul><li>labour market prematurely. </li></ul><ul><li>● A range of activities to protect children who are already at </li></ul><ul><li>work, in some cases to support them and in others to </li></ul><ul><li>withdraw them from work that is causing them harm </li></ul>
  8. 8. Thank You

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