Noor Hafizah Binti Abdullah M20112001117 Sem 1 2012/2013 KPT 6044
Purpose of This PaperTo identify the current trends inand future prospects for distanceeducation in primary, secondary, and higher education in China.
IntroductionCurrently e-learning in China has three representation forms which are: E-delivery E-teaching E-education
METHODOLOGYThis article reviews relevant literature and cases, and explores the current situation of distance education in China.
The aim is to increase the number of students who can access resources from the National Educational Resources Database and other related e-learning institutes.Thus, this article reviews relevant literature and cases, and explores the current situation of distance education in China.
E-DeliveryThis e-delivery project has a specific goal, which is over 5 years to equip all rural middle schools with computer classrooms, and all rural elementary schools with satellite receiving facilities, and VCD or DVD players with supporting materials.The aim is to increase the number of students who can access resources from the National Educational Resources Database and other related e-learning institutes.
The term of distance education employed here refers to educational resources sharing only.It provide the infrastructure for teaching and learning.At the same time, the government also expect to boost economic and social development through thus project.It targets at low cost, large scale, and fast speed.
E-TeachingTo help students to learn anytime, anywhere.E-teaching, is often added into classroom teaching to support innovative teaching strategies, such as internet-based student research, self-study or collaborative study.The purpose of e-teaching is to facilitate and supplement traditional teaching.
E-TeachingE-Teaching using K12 online schools.K12 online schools were first started by private corporations.There are multiple modes of running K12 online schools in China.
E-TeachingFirst, using multilateral cooperation among the government, an enterprise, and a school. In this mode, the necessary operating funds are raised by the private enterprise or individuals, or provided partly by a government organization especially in cases for providing educational support for poor rural areas or disadvantages groups.
E-TeachingSecond, using mode of enterprise-school cooperation. In this mode, a private enterprise and elite K12 school cooperate to run the K12 online together.The private enterprise contributes funding and technologies, while the school contributes high- quality courses and teachers to support learning.These two partners share the venture risk, and profit together.
E-TeachingThird mode is using hosted by an enterprise alone. In this mode, a private enterprise takes the venture and profit alone. It has fixed cooperative relationship with some K12 schools from which it purchases necessary courses, and/or employs teachers from the school.Finally, they are using mode of hosted by a school. In this mode, the online school is hosted by one or several K12 schools.
E-TeachingThe advantages include simple relationship, high enthusiasm among learners and guaranteed teaching resources.The online school has become a representative of the e- teaching practice in China. For example, the Beijing No. 4 Online School is a professional K12 e-learning institution brought about through collaboration between an enterprise and a school. The school provides e-learning for primary and secondary school students all over the country. It has its own e-learning platform which integrates synchronous with asynchronous teaching.
E-EducationE-education using example of online higher college. E-learning in higher education is based on the Modern Distance Education Project launched by the central government.This project will help to promote the change room elite education to mass education modern distance education has become an important part of the Chinese lifelong educational system. Adult learners constitute the majority of participants, and web-based distance education has become their first choice for lifelong learning.
E-EducationRunning an online higher college has two modes.The first mode is government-college corporation. In this mode, online higher colleges are responsible for all the practice of online education, including students’ enrollment, resource development, and students’ support. And teacher training.The government has the right to judge the whole process, and makes corresponding policies for quality assurance in practice.
E-EducationThe second mode is multiple cooperation among government, colleges, and enterprises. In this mode, the online higher college and the enterprise are in charge of the practice together.The online higher college focuses on instructional design, resource development, and teacher training. As the private corporation is rich in fund and technologies, it is responsible for online platform development, student enrollment, and student support.
E-EducationOnline higher colleges supply various kinds of resources. Besides the online course, they also prepare CDs and print materials for students.The online courses and CDs are mainly video-based. The videos show the lecturer, the slide being talked about, and a navigational directory.
FINDINGSNow distance education has become a major option for lifelong education for adults. Also, it is a key approach to sharing high-quality educational resources. This sharing helps to improve traditional classroom-based teaching. Web-based distance education has a wide range of levels of practice.
FINDINGSThe country hope that web-based distance education can achieve better educational performance, as it has the advantages of supporting ICT-based two-way interaction between teachers and students, presenting multimedia instructional resources and organizing learning activity online, and building a virtual community for learners to exchange ideas.
FINDINGSLearners can connect to the internet to learn online. Quality assurance of e-learning in China is built into three levels, which are, the central government level, the inter-college level, and the institutional level.At the top level, the Ministry of Education has adopted a series of policies and organized many workshops on how to ensure and regulate the performance of distance education.The comparisons of three main forms of distance education in China give the true and clear picture with regards to the e-learning in China