Schizophrenia is a mental disorder, mainly specified asthe inability to maintain a normal thought process(distinguishing between reality, fantasy andperception), along with a lack of normal emotionalresponses (laughing, crying, etc.)Around 50 million people worldwide are diagnosedwith Schizophrenia.
Typical symptoms of Schizophrenia include:- Auditory Hallucinations (hearing voices)- Paranoid or bizarre delusions- Disorganized speech and thinking
Two or more from the following symptoms to be present in the duration of one month or less. Social or occupational dysfunction. Significant duration
Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type ofschizophrenia in most parts of the world. The clinicalpicture is dominated by relatively stable, oftenparanoid, delusions, usually accompanied byhallucinations, particularly of the auditory variety, andperceptual disturbances. Disturbances of affect,volition, and speech, and catatonic symptoms, are notprominent.
Examples of the most common paranoid symptoms are: delusions of persecution, reference, exalted birth, special mission, bodily change, or jealousy; hallucinatory voices that threaten the patient or give commands, or auditory hallucinations without verbal form, such as whistling, humming, or laughing; hallucinations of smell or taste, or of sexual or other bodily sensations; visual hallucinations may occur but are rarely predominant.
Thought disorder may be obvious in acute states, butif so it does not prevent the typical delusions orhallucinations from being described clearly. Affect isusually less blunted than in other varieties ofschizophrenia, but a minor degree of incongruity iscommon, as are mood disturbances such as irritability,sudden anger, fearfulness, and suspicion. "Negative"symptoms such as blunting of affect and impairedvolition are often present but do not dominate theclinical picture.
Information gathered from:http://www.schizophrenia.com/szparanoid.htm