Intro lectpt 3


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Third part of the intro lecture series LANE 447

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Intro lectpt 3

  1. 1. Course Title: Poetry Course Code & NO.: LANE 447 Course Credit Hrs.: 3 weekly Level: 7th Level Students Introductory Lecture Pt. 3 Elements of a PoemInstructor: Dr. Noora Al-MalkiCredits of images and online content are to their original owners.
  2. 2. This Presentation• is divided into three sections (Pt. 1, Pt. 2, and Pt. 3), each dealing with a distinct topic.• sums up the main points to be discussed in the course’s introductory lecture.• introduces main concepts related to the meaning of poetry, poetry types and forms, elements of a poem…etc.• encourages students to read further about English poetry in the listed references and websites. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 2
  3. 3. Elements of a Poem 1-Title 2-Age + Poet’s biography 3-Structure- form 4-Speaker (persona- Voice) 5-Subject (surface meaning, topic) 6-Theme (deep meaning) 7-Point of view 8-Diction & Figurative language Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 3
  4. 4. Elements of a Poem titl When you read a poem for the first time, make sure that you consider e the title. Just look at it. Try to record your initial impression of it. -Do you think it alludes to something? -Can you guess the content of the poem depending on this initial encounter with its title? -Do you think that the title is straightforward? Complex? Symbolic? Ambiguous? Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 4
  5. 5. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012
  6. 6. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012
  7. 7. Elements of a PoemAge- Then, you have to reflect on theBiography age during which the poet wrote his poetry. Why? Simply because men of letters— including poets– are always influenced by the historical, social, cultural--and definitely personal--conditions they live. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 7
  8. 8. Siegfried Sassoon Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 8 War Poet
  9. 9. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012
  10. 10. Elements of a PoemStructure -Form e.g. A sonnet can be identified by use ofWhy does a certain form: 14 lines of iambic pentameter; splitpoet choose a certain by a volta (change in rhyme scheme) into octave/sestet. This form shapes theform for one of his argument‘ as well: the volta or turn inpoems? rhyme scheme between octave and sestet is often accompanied by a turn in content (often signalled by turning words such as yet or but). Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 10
  11. 11. Fixed Form: Sonnet The Shakespearean sonnet consists of: 1-Three four-line stanzas (called quatrains), 2- And a final couplet. The rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef ggDr. Noora Al-Malki 2012
  12. 12. Elements of a PoemSpeaker oAs a reader of poetry, you should not automatically think that a poem directly reflects the personal experiences or ideas of the poet. oIn a poem, you would be reading about the SPEAKER’S (persona) experiences who is not necessarily the poet. oThe use of an identified persona creates some sort of ambiguity and enables poets to give expression to things they would prefer not to have attributed to their own person. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 12
  13. 13. Elements of a PoemSubject oIt is the story being told by the speaker, or the situation being delineated. It is the metaphoric representation (or mask) which the poet uses to present (disguise) his main idea (theme). Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 13
  14. 14. Elements of a PoemTheme The controlling idea of a poem is the idea continuously developed throughout the poem by sets of key words that identify the poets subject and his attitude or feeling about it. It may also be suggested by the title of a poem or by segment of the poem. It is rarely stated explicitly by the poet, but it can be stated by the reader and it can be stated in different ways. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 14
  15. 15. Elements of a PoemPoint of View1st person � gives immediacy and intimacy, sympathy is more intense. Drawback to 1st person use is that the poet can only write what he/she personally knows or sees. 2nd person - Rarely used but possible. It tends to make the reader (you) average either by idealizing or typicalizing the focus of the verse. Second person use in poetry almost seems instructional. 3rd person - The narrator of poem may be either omniscient, reporting the thoughts of several characters or limited third person limited to a single limited character and that characters awareness. It is possible to show multiple points of view and have all stay within the third person in a single poem Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 15
  16. 16. Elements of a Poem Diction & Figurative language Poetic diction is the term used to refer to the linguistic style, the vocabulary, and the metaphors used in the writing of poetry. A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. - metaphor - a comparison between two seemingly unlike things. - simile - a comparison between two seemingly unlike things using like or as. - personification - giving human characteristics to inanimate objects. - allusion - a reference to a famous person, event, or other literary work. - apostrophe - a speech given to an inanimate object, an idea, or someone who is dead. - hyperbole - a deliberate exaggeration. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 16
  17. 17. Extra material to check out Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 17