Fema
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Fema

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Fema Fema Presentation Transcript

  • FEMA
  • FERA FEMA difference FEMA Simple 49 Sec Excluded Current a/c, service all defined Has been widened to include banks Considers resident in India similar to IT FERA Complex 841 Sec Presumption of Mens Rea Current A/c not defined Narrow Def Not dealt Differences 1. Provisions 2.Features 3.Definitions 4.Authorised Person 5.Compatibility with IT
  • FERA /FEMA Civil Offence, with monetary fine 3 times the Amt. Special dir. (appeals), Appelate Tribunal / High C Sec 32 gives rt to help of legal practitioner Criminal offence 5 Times the Amt. AA went to high Court No help allowed 6.Punishment type 7.Quantity of monetary penality 8.Appeal 9.Right of assistance View slide
  • Definitions: Capital account
    • transaction which alters the assets or liabilities, including contingent liabilities, outside India of persons resident in India
    • or assets or liabilities in India of persons resident outside India,
    • and includes transactions referred to in subsection (3) of section 6;
    View slide
  • Capital A/c transactions Sec 6(3) C
    • Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (2), the RBI may, by regulations prohibit, restrict or regulate the following,-
    • transfer or issue of any foreign security by a person resident in India;
    • transfer or issue of any security by a person resident outside India;
    • transfer or issue of any security or foreign security by any branch, office or agency in India of a person resident outside India;
    • any borrowing or lending in foreign exchange in whatever form or by whatever name called;
    • any borrowing or lending in rupees in whatever form or by whatever name called between a person resident in India and a person resident outside India;
  • Capital A/c transactions Sec 6(3) C
    • deposits between persons resident in India and persons resident outside India;
    • export, import or holding of currency or currency notes;
    • transfer of immovable property outside India, other than a lease not exceeding five years, by a person resident in India;
    • acquisition or transfer of immovable property in India, other than a lease not exceeding five years, by a person resident outside India;
    • giving of a guarantee or surety in respect of any debt, obligation or other liability incurred,-
      • by a person resident in India and owed to a person resident outside India; or
      • by a person resident outside India.  
  • Capital account
    • Prohibition
    • Non resident not to make investment in business of chit fund
    • Nidhi co.
    • Agricultural palntation Co.
    • Real estate
  • Current account transaction
    • means a transaction other than a capital account transaction and includes,-
    • payments due in connection with foreign trade, other current business, services, and short-term banking and credit facilities in the ordinary course of business,
    • payments due as interest on loans and as net income from investments,
    • remittances for living expenses of parents, spouse and children residing abroad, and
    • expenses in connection with foreign travel, education and medical care of parents, spouse and children;
  • foreign exchange
    • means foreign currency and includes,-
    • deposits, credits and balances payable in any foreign currency,
    • drafts, travellers cheques, letters of credit or bills of exchange, expressed or drawn in Indian currency but payable in any foreign currency,
    • drafts, travellers cheques, letters of credit or bills of exchange drawn by banks, institutions or persons outside India, but payable in Indian currency
  • foreign security
    • means any security, in the form of shares, stocks, bonds, debentures or any other instrument denominated or expressed in foreign currency and includes securities expressed in foreign currency, but where redemption or any form of return such as interest or dividends is payable in Indian currency;
  • Person resident in India
    • means-
    • a person residing in India for more than 182 days during the course of the preceding financial year but does not include;- 
      • a person who has gone out of India or who stays outside India, in either case-
        • for or on taking up employment outside India, or
        • for carrying on outside India a business or vocation outside India, or
        • for any other purpose, in such circumstances as would indicate his intention to stay outside India for an uncertain period;
      • a person who has come to or stays in India, in either case, otherwise than-
        • for or on taking up employment in India, or
        • for carrying on in India a business or vocation India, or
        • for any other purpose, in such circumstances as would indicate his intention to stay in India for an uncertain period;
  • Person resident in India
          • any person or body corporate registered or incorporated in India,
          • an office, branch or agency in India owned or controlled by a person resident outside India,
          • an office, branch or agency outside India owned or controlled by a person resident in India;
  • Person resident in India
    • To qualify as the resident the person concerned will have to fulfill foll. conditions
    • 1. Duration of stay
    • 2. Purpose of stay
  • "repatriate to India"
    • means bringing into India the realised foreign exchange and-
    • the selling of such foreign exchange to an authorised person in India in exchange for rupees; or
    • the holding of realised amount in an account with anauthorised person in India to the extent notified by the Reserve Bank, and includes use of the realised amount for discharge of a debt or liability denominated in foreign exchange and the expression "repatriation" shall be construed accordingly; 
  • Regulation and Management of Foreign Exchange
    • Dealing in foreign exchange, etc
    • Holding of foreign exchange, etc.
    • Current account transactions
    • Capital account transactions
    • Export of goods and services
    • Realisation and repatriation of foreign exchange
    • Exemption from realisation and repatriation in certain cases
  • Export of goods and services
    • Every exporter of goods shall-
      • furnish to theRBI or to such other authority a declaration, containing true and correct material particulars, the amount of full export value or, where it is not ascertainable the expected value on the sale in markets outside India.
      • furnish to the RBI other information as may be required , for the purpose of ensuring the realisation of the export proceeds by such exporter.
    • The Reserve Bank may, direct any exporter to comply to requirements to received without any delay such export value.
    • Every exporter of services shall furnish to the RBI or to such other authorities a declaration in such form , containing the true and correct material particulars in relation to payment for such services.  
  • "authorised person”
    • " means an authorised dealer, money changer, off-shore banking unit or any other person for the time being authorised under sub-section (1) of section 10 to deal in foreign exchange or foreign securities;
  • Authorised Person :role
    • Application to be made to RBI
    • Authorisation will be in writing
    • may be revoked by RBI: in public interest ,failed to foll. Instructions
    • Before transacting require the person to make declaration ,incase of doubt report the matter to the Reserve Bank.
    • RBI can inspect AP record, Accounts documents
  • Contravention and Penalties
    • Penalties
    • 3 times the amount if quantifiable, or up to Rs 2 L where the amount is not quantifiable, contravention is a continuing one, further penalty which may extend to 5000/ for every day after the first day during which the contravention continued
  • Contravention and Penalties
    • Enforcement of the orders of adjudicating authority
    • Civil imprisonment if fine not paid
    • Order for arrest will be made after due notice
    • give the defaulter an opportunity showing cause why not be arrested
  • Contravention and Penalties
    • Power to compound contravention
    • application made by the person committing such contravention, be compounded within 180 days from the date of receipt of application by the Director of Enforcement or such other officers of the Directorate of Enforcement and officers of the RBI may be authorised in this behalf by the Central Government in such manner as may be prescribed.
  • Adjudicating authority Special Dir. Appeals Appelate Tribunal High Court Adjudiaction and Appeal
  • Adjudication and Appeal
    • The CG shall, while appointing the Adjudicating Authorities
    • AA will hold an enquiry on a complaint in writing made by any officer authorised by a general or special order by the CG.
    • The said person may appear either in person or take the assistance of a legal practitioner/CA of his choice for presenting his case before the AA
    • AA shall have the powers of a civil court
    • the AA shall deal the case expeditiously, & record periodically the reasons in writing for not disposing off the complaint within the said period.
  • Special Director (Appeals
    • Appeal to Special Director (Appeals
    • The CG shall, by notification, appoint one or more Special Directors (Appeals ) to hear appeals against the orders of theAA
    • Any person aggrieved by an order made by the AA, being an Assistant Director of Enforcement or a Deputy Director of Enforcement, may prefer an appeal to the Special Director (Appeals)
    • Appeal to be made within 45 days of receipt of order of AA
    • the Special Director (Appeals) may after giving the parties to the appeal an opportunity of being heard, pass such order thereon :confirming, modifying or setting aside the order appealed against
  • Appelate Tribunals
    • to hear appeals against the orders of the AA and the Special Director (Appeals)
    • deposit the amount of such penalty with such authority as may be notified by CG
    • Appeal to be filed within 45 days from the date on which a copy of the order made by the AA or the Special Director (Appeals) is received by the aggrieved person
    • Appeal to be disposed within 180 days or reasons given thereon and copy givn to AA/ SDA
    • the Appellate Tribunal and the Special Director (Appeals) shall have powers to regulate its own procedure unlike CPC
  • High Court
    • Appeal to High Court
    • Any person aggrieved by any decision or order of the Appellate Tribunal or the Special Director (Appeals) may file an appeal to the High Court within sixty days from the date of communication of the decision or order of the Appellate Tribunal or the Special Director (Appeals) to him on any question of law arising out of such order:
  • Directorate of Enforcement
    • Appointed by CG shall be called officers of Enforcement,
    • the Director of Enforcement / Additional Director of Enforcement / Special Director of Enforcement / Deputy Director of Enforcement to appoint officers of Enforcement below the rank of an Assistant Director of Enforcement.
    • The officers shall exercise the like powers which are conferred on the income-tax authorities, subject to such conditions and limitations as the CG