Energy Efficiency in Buildings
Governments & Markets and the
Amit Bando, IPEEC
IPEEC Experience
February 2013
Saudi HVAC C...
1.

What is IPEEC?

1
2
IPEEC is an
Autonomous Entity
Members account for over 75% of world GDP and energy
EU
use.
Germany
United
Kingdom
France

...
8 Task Groups Dedicated to
EE
Policy Making/Capacity Building
Energy
management

Capacity
building,
training

EE
Indicator...
2.

Energy
Consumption in
the world is Rising
Fast

5
Global CO2 Emissions by
Sector (MtCO2)

Source: Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

6
Developing Countries’
Final Energy Consumption
1990-2008
5.0

Mining and
construction
Agriculture, forestr
y, fishing
Comm...
demand will come from Asia
& the Middle East
Global Oil Demand Growth by Region
2011-2020

China
India
Middle East
Other A...
3.

The MENA Region
Significantly
Contributes to the
Global Demand

9
Economic Growth in the
Region
7
6

5
4
MENA Region

3

Saudi Arabia

2
1

0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

 Economic growt...
Important Increase of MENA
Urban Population
Million people
500
450

170

400

+ 65%

350
300
250

300

110

+ 8.5%

200

2...
Increased Energy Consumption
Total Energy Consumption in Saudi
Arabia

 As a consequence, energy consumption in the regio...
Middle East’s Energy
Intensity Growing
Energy Intensity by Regions (1980 –
2010)

United States

1980
2010

European Union...
Low EE Performance in the
Gulf Countries

Source: Giacomo Luciani (2012)

14
Building EE in the Gulf
Region
Little incentives for EE…
 Low energy tariffs =

insulation work with little
return on inv...
4.

EE in Buildings Can
Help Reduce Energy
Consumption

16
Different Ways to Improve
EE in Buildings
 Energy use in « buildings » means both energy use of

the building themselves ...
Depending on the Climate
Zone: North America

Source: American Institute of Architects, Science Direct

18
Depending on the Climate
Zone: EU, Russia

Source: Landscape Architecture (davisla.wordpress.com)

19
Depending on the Climate
Zone: India & China

Source: TERI, China Academy of Building Research

20
How Important are HVAC in
the World?
 HVAC represent an important share of energy consumption in

the USA & Europe:
 In ...
HVAC’s Potentials
According to the IEA, there is potential to reduce CO2 emissions by 2Gt
and to save 710 Million tce (201...
An Example of EE
Effective Financing
Mexico’s Strategy to strengthen Municipal and
State legislation in order to promote “...
Thank you for your attention!
 More information on www.ipeec.org
 Any questions? Please contact us:

contact@ipeec.org
9...
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Energy Efficiency in Buildings, IPEEC

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  • Distributed leadership – in brown: TG working on ESCOs
  • The UAE is often associated with spear heading modernization in the Middle East. In its Economic Vision 2030 the country explains its aim to expand growth and reduce its oil share of GDP to less than 40% by stimulating new sectors such as renewable energy, technology and aerospace. By launching the multibillion-dollar Masdar initiative it is establishing itself as the regional leader in green technology and innovation. Other MENA countries are adopting their own diversification programs: Saudi Arabia is planning to invest $109 billion in clean energy to supply a third of its total domestic power generation; Kuwait has target to generate 10% of its electricity using sustainable energy; and Qatar announced plans to build a $1 billion polysilicon manufacturing plant. Jordan, Egypt, Morocco and Algeria are also following the trend and have launched cleaner energy agendas, which combined amount to $25 billion to $45 billion in long-term investments that will finance “green energy sources” such as wind, solar and nuclear energy. These projects are predicted to power 10% to 20% of their respective energy portfolios by 2020.
  • Energy Efficiency in Buildings, IPEEC

    1. 1. Energy Efficiency in Buildings Governments & Markets and the Amit Bando, IPEEC IPEEC Experience February 2013 Saudi HVAC Confex 2013
    2. 2. 1. What is IPEEC? 1
    3. 3. 2
    4. 4. IPEEC is an Autonomous Entity Members account for over 75% of world GDP and energy EU use. Germany United Kingdom France Italy Russia Canada Japan USA Republic of Korea China Mexico India Brazil Australia IPEEC was established in 2009 at the G8 summit in Italy Reports to G20 Summit, Clean Energy Ministerial & others 3
    5. 5. 8 Task Groups Dedicated to EE Policy Making/Capacity Building Energy management Capacity building, training EE Indicators Energy performanc e Finance Industrial Sector Energy Management Commercial/ Residential Sector Appliances Energy performance Utilities Sector Energy Provider Compilation of national and international initiatives 4
    6. 6. 2. Energy Consumption in the world is Rising Fast 5
    7. 7. Global CO2 Emissions by Sector (MtCO2) Source: Lawrence Berkeley National Lab 6
    8. 8. Developing Countries’ Final Energy Consumption 1990-2008 5.0 Mining and construction Agriculture, forestr y, fishing Commercial and public services Energy sector Energy consumption (Gtoe) 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 Residential 2.5 2.0 Transport sector 1.5 Industry sector 1.0 0.5 0.0 1990 Source: IEA 2010 1995 2000 2005 7
    9. 9. demand will come from Asia & the Middle East Global Oil Demand Growth by Region 2011-2020 China India Middle East Other Asia Africa Latin America Eastern Europe/Eurasia Japan, Korea, Oceania Western Europe North America -6 Source: IEA, WEO 2012 2020-2035 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 mb/d 8
    10. 10. 3. The MENA Region Significantly Contributes to the Global Demand 9
    11. 11. Economic Growth in the Region 7 6 5 4 MENA Region 3 Saudi Arabia 2 1 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012  Economic growth has slowed down during the past few years but remains robust  As a result, an urban middle class is emerging Source: World Bank 10
    12. 12. Important Increase of MENA Urban Population Million people 500 450 170 400 + 65% 350 300 250 300 110 + 8.5% 200 2020 2008 150 170 100 Includes informal housing (up to 20 – 40% in some cities) 60 130 50 0 Population Urban Population Rural Population  The economic growth leads to an acceleration of the urbanisation  Cairo, Tehran & Baghdad gather 25% of the urban population Source: World Bank, UN 11
    13. 13. Increased Energy Consumption Total Energy Consumption in Saudi Arabia  As a consequence, energy consumption in the region is rising  In 2009, the total Middle East final consumption reached 393495 ktoe (IEA) Source: EIA 12
    14. 14. Middle East’s Energy Intensity Growing Energy Intensity by Regions (1980 – 2010) United States 1980 2010 European Union Japan Africa Middle East Latin America E. Europe/Eurasia China World 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 toe per thousand dollars of GDP ($2011, MER)  In most places, Energy Intensity has decreased over the past 30 years…  Except in Africa and ,more significantly, in the Middle East Source: IEA, WEO 2012 13
    15. 15. Low EE Performance in the Gulf Countries Source: Giacomo Luciani (2012) 14
    16. 16. Building EE in the Gulf Region Little incentives for EE…  Low energy tariffs = insulation work with little return on investments  Large part of population live in rented housing with no long-term residence perspective  Electricity consumption often bundled with rental fee … but promising initiatives  Saudi Arabia’s invesments in clean energy  Development of sustainable energy in Kuwait  UAE’s Masdar & Clean Energy Business Council 15
    17. 17. 4. EE in Buildings Can Help Reduce Energy Consumption 16
    18. 18. Different Ways to Improve EE in Buildings  Energy use in « buildings » means both energy use of the building themselves and of the electric appliances. Together they account for 40% of the GHG emissions worldwide,  Measures to enhance EE in buildings can mean:  Improving EE of appliances,  Refurbishing:   Commercial buildings, or Residential buildings; Building new EE houses.  EE in buildings is a sensitive topic with social implications.  17
    19. 19. Depending on the Climate Zone: North America Source: American Institute of Architects, Science Direct 18
    20. 20. Depending on the Climate Zone: EU, Russia Source: Landscape Architecture (davisla.wordpress.com) 19
    21. 21. Depending on the Climate Zone: India & China Source: TERI, China Academy of Building Research 20
    22. 22. How Important are HVAC in the World?  HVAC represent an important share of energy consumption in the USA & Europe:  In the USA (2009), HVAC energy consumption as part of the building’s total energy use represent :   39% in the residential sector, 32% in the commercial sector. In the EU (2007), HVAC represents 333 TWh (approx. 11% of total annual European electricity consumption)  In emerging countries, use of HVAC is expected to rise, due to the emergence of middle classes:  80% of Chinese large & medium cities are equipped with AC. In 2008, AC energy consumption represented 41 billion KWh, 21  40% of the Mumbai’s electricity is used by AC. 
    23. 23. HVAC’s Potentials According to the IEA, there is potential to reduce CO2 emissions by 2Gt and to save 710 Million tce (2010 – 2050) with HVAC technologies:  Solar thermal,  Combiner Heat & Power,  Heat pumps,  Energy storage. In the MENA region, need for: 1. Energy Audits, 2. Standards and labels, 3. Awareness building & awards, 4. Training & certification of auditors & verifiers 5. Effective Financing for EE 22
    24. 24. An Example of EE Effective Financing Mexico’s Strategy to strengthen Municipal and State legislation in order to promote “Smart city growth”.  Optimum use of existing infrastructure  Reclaiming of urban voids  Density increase It Combines:  Regional planning,  Urban Development,  Urban Design, and  Sustanaible Housing. Green Mortgage FOVISSSTE • Pilot 2012 in hand Green Mortgage Penetration Housing NAMA Penetration and Scaling up PENETRATION & Aguascalientes Pilot Project SCALING UP Source: CONAVI, 2012 23
    25. 25. Thank you for your attention!  More information on www.ipeec.org  Any questions? Please contact us: contact@ipeec.org 9 rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris France

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