PAST TENSEBYSYEDA AMBREEN MURTAZA
Contents Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect Past perfect continuous
Past simple We use the past tense for something in the past which is finished.
Past simple Emma passed her exam last year. We went to the theater on Friday. When did you buy this car? –about three y...
Past Continuous The past continuous means that at a time in the past we were in the middle of an action.
Read this conversationMelanie: I rang at about threeyesterday afternoon, but you weren’tin . I didn’t know where you were....
David: no, we were in thegarage. So I didn’t get wet. ButI’m afraid I got oil all over mynew trousers.Melanie: why were yo...
David: no, we were in the garage. So Ididn’t get wet. But I’m afraid I got oilall over my new trousers.Melanie: why were y...
Past continuous & simpleWe often use the past continuous and simple together when one (shorter) action comes in the middle...
A reporter is interviewingmike and Harriet. Reporter: mike and Harriet tell me ,what  you saw? Harriet: well, when we we...
 Harriet: it was very clear night. The  stars were twinkling. Mike: it was space ship. It seemed  quite big. It had some...
 As we were driving down the hill, a  strange object appeared in the sky. While Laura was sitting in the garden,  it sud...
The present perfectWHEN WE USE THE PRESENTPERFECT, WE SEE THINGS ASHAPPING IN THE PAST BUT HAVINGA RESULT IN THE PRESENT.
 We have washed the dishes . We have eaten all the eggs. They have broken the watch.
We can use present perfectwith Just: short time ago Already: sooner than expected Yet: expecting something to  happen (...
EXAMPLES We’ve just come back from our  holiday. I’ve just had an idea. It isn’t a very good party. Most people  have al...
For & since We can use present perfect with  since and for. For: how long the period is. Since: when the period began .
The present perfectcontinuous
Use of present perfectContinuous We use the present perfect continuous for  an action over a period of time leading up  t...
 We can also use it to talk about an  action which ends just before the  present. I’ve been swimming . That’s why  my ha...
The past perfect
 I felt really tired when I took the train to  work yesterday because Sarah and I had  been to the party the evening befo...
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Past tense 2

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Past tense 2

  1. 1. PAST TENSEBYSYEDA AMBREEN MURTAZA
  2. 2. Contents Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect Past perfect continuous
  3. 3. Past simple We use the past tense for something in the past which is finished.
  4. 4. Past simple Emma passed her exam last year. We went to the theater on Friday. When did you buy this car? –about three years ago.
  5. 5. Past Continuous The past continuous means that at a time in the past we were in the middle of an action.
  6. 6. Read this conversationMelanie: I rang at about threeyesterday afternoon, but you weren’tin . I didn’t know where you were.David: oh, I was helping mike. Wewere repairing his car. It took ages. Wewere working on it all afternoon.Melanie: it was raining . I hope youweren’t doing it outside.
  7. 7. David: no, we were in thegarage. So I didn’t get wet. ButI’m afraid I got oil all over mynew trousers.Melanie: why were you wearingyour new trousers to repair acar?David: I don’t know. I forgot Ihad them on.
  8. 8. David: no, we were in the garage. So Ididn’t get wet. But I’m afraid I got oilall over my new trousers.Melanie: why were you wearing yournew trousers to repair a car?David: I don’t know. I forgot I hadthem on.
  9. 9. Past continuous & simpleWe often use the past continuous and simple together when one (shorter) action comes in the middle of another (longer) one.
  10. 10. A reporter is interviewingmike and Harriet. Reporter: mike and Harriet tell me ,what you saw? Harriet: well, when we were driving home last night, we saw an strange object in the sky. Mike: as we were coming down the hill into the town, it just suddenly appeared in front of us. We stopped the car and got out.
  11. 11.  Harriet: it was very clear night. The stars were twinkling. Mike: it was space ship. It seemed quite big. It had some strange writing on the side. And a light was flashing on the top. Harriet: as we were watching it. It suddenly flew away and disappeared.
  12. 12.  As we were driving down the hill, a strange object appeared in the sky. While Laura was sitting in the garden, it suddenly began to rain. You drove right past me when I was waiting for the bus.
  13. 13. The present perfectWHEN WE USE THE PRESENTPERFECT, WE SEE THINGS ASHAPPING IN THE PAST BUT HAVINGA RESULT IN THE PRESENT.
  14. 14.  We have washed the dishes . We have eaten all the eggs. They have broken the watch.
  15. 15. We can use present perfectwith Just: short time ago Already: sooner than expected Yet: expecting something to happen ( comes at the end of a question or a negative sentence)
  16. 16. EXAMPLES We’ve just come back from our holiday. I’ve just had an idea. It isn’t a very good party. Most people have already gone home. Has your course started yet? It’s eleven o’clock and you haven’t finished breakfast yet.
  17. 17. For & since We can use present perfect with since and for. For: how long the period is. Since: when the period began .
  18. 18. The present perfectcontinuous
  19. 19. Use of present perfectContinuous We use the present perfect continuous for an action over a period of time leading up to the present We’ve been waiting here for twenty minutes. We use present perfect continuous to talk about repeated action up to now. Natasha has been playing piano since she was four.
  20. 20.  We can also use it to talk about an action which ends just before the present. I’ve been swimming . That’s why my hair is wet.
  21. 21. The past perfect
  22. 22.  I felt really tired when I took the train to work yesterday because Sarah and I had been to the party the evening before. We hadn’t gone to bed until after one. I hadn’t been on the train long when I had a bit of a shock. I suddenly realized that I’d left my wallet at home. Then I began to wonder. Had I left it in the office the day before? I just couldn’t remember. I wanted to go back to bed. I felt awful.

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