Visual Dictionary Pp
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Visual Dictionary Pp






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Visual Dictionary Pp Visual Dictionary Pp Presentation Transcript

  • Visual Dictionary
  • Air Barrier Paper
    Used as a vapor retarder and air barrier on the sheathing of house to help with waterproofing.
  • Attic Ventilation: Soffit Vent
    Used to help air flow into the attic
  • Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent
    Located at the roof ridge. It’s an open space that allows air circulation.
  • Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent
    Located in the gable of a roof. It’s used to remove extra heat and humidity from the attic.
  • Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine
    • The roof turbine circulates air in the attic and helps remove warm air.
  • Backhoe
    Used in excavation work. Such as digging foundations.
    The width of this bucket is 22 ½ Inches.
  • Batter Boards
    Set up outside the corners of the building with a string and a plumb bob. These help keep the corners at a 90° angle.
  • Brick Arches
    Jack Arch
    Arch with keystone
    Roman Arch
  • Centering
    Temporary framework for arches used during mason work.
  • Brick Bond: Flemish
    Courses alternate between headers and stretchers
  • Brick Bond: Running
    Each course is an alternating strecher.
  • Brick Bonds: Rowlocks
  • Brick Bonds: Headers
  • Brick Bonds: Soldiers
  • Brick Bonds: Sailors
  • Brick Bonds: Stretcher Rowlocks
  • Brick Sizes
    Modular: 3 ½ x 2 ¼ x 7 ½
    Utility: 3 ½ x 3 ½ x 11 ½
  • Bulldozer
    Used to flatten ground and move soil in rough site work.
  • Cladding: Brick
  • Cladding: EFIS
  • Cladding: Stone
    Random ashlar pattern.
  • Cladding: Wood Board
  • Cladding: Wood Shake
    Shake: Type of shingle that is split from a block of wood
    Shingle: Sawn, not split.
  • Code Requirements: Egress Window
    W: 32 ½ inches
    H: 24 ½ inches
    A: 5.5 SF
    44 inches AFF
    W: 20 inches
    H: 24 inches
    A: 5.7 SF
    44 inches AFF
    This window doesn’t meet code because the area is only 5.5 SF and it is supposed to be 5.7 SF
  • Code Requirements: Stairs
    Tread: 11 inches
    Riser: 7 inches
    Tread: 10 inch min
    Riser: 7 ¾ inch max
    These stairs meet the code requirements.
  • Concrete Joints: Control
    A cut made in the concrete where a crack is expected to take place. The cut makes that point weak to force the crack to happen there. It decreases cracks in other locations.
    Control Joint
  • Concrete Joint: Isolation
    The slab is isolated from the wall here.
  • Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
    3 brick bonds = 1 CMU
  • CMU: Sizes
    12 x 8 x 16
    4 x 8 x 16
  • Decorative CMUs: Split Block
  • Decorative CMUs: Ribbed Block
  • Doors: Exterior Flush
  • Doors: Exterior Panel
    Top Rail
    Lock Rail
    Bottom Rail
  • Doors: Transom and Sidelight
    Transom: Window placed directly above a door.
    Sidelight: Window that is tall and skinny that is placed next to door. The glass is a tempered glass to prohibit breaking.
  • Electrical: Transformer
    The transformer is another step down point. It converts it to a lower voltage.
  • Electrical: Service Head
    The service head is where electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter.
  • Electrical: Meter
    The meter measures the use of electricity.
  • Electrical: Service Panel
    The service panel is the main control center for all the electrical circuits in the house.
  • Electrical: Duplex Receptacle
    Where an appliance can be connected to gain electricity.
  • Framing: Anchor Bolt
    Anchor Bolt
  • Framing: Sill Plate
    Sill Plate
  • Framing: Floor Joist
    Floor Joist
  • Framing: Subflooring
  • Framing: Sole Plate
    Sole Plate
  • Framing: Stud
  • Framing: Top Plate
    Top Plate
  • Framing: Ceiling Joist
    Ceiling Joist
  • Framing: Rafter
  • Framing: Roof Decking
    # 10
  • Framing: Sheathing
    # 11
  • Framing: Stringer
    # 12
  • Front End Loader
    A front end loader can push things and pick them up and transport things. A backhoe digs and picks up, a bulldozer pushes.
  • Gypsum Board
    Wall finish made out of an mineral that comes in prefrabricated sheets. It resists sound and fire.
  • Heat Pump
    Air Handling Unit
    Advantage: Heats and cools
    Disadvantage: Not efficient in colder climates
    Compressor: The working fluid, in its gaseous state, is pressurized and circulated through the system as a liquid.
    Air handling unit: Conditioning and circulating air that is temperature control.
  • Insulation
    Slows the transfer of heat. It keeps the building cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.
  • Insulation: Batt
  • Insulation: Loose Fill
  • Insulation: Foam
  • Insulation: Rigid Board
  • Lintel
    Beam that goes across an opening that carries the load across the opening.
  • Mortar: Extruded
    This joint hasn’t been tooled or troweled. It was left alone.
    3/8 inch
    This was on a house
    Probably N Mortar
  • Mortar: Concave
    This was tooled.
    3/8 Inch
    Retaining wall
    Probably N Mortar
  • Oriented Strand Board
    Nonveenered panel that is manufactured by taking longs pieces of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together.
  • Plumbing: Lavatory
    1 ½ inch drainage pipe
  • Plumbing: Water Closet
    3-inch drainage pipe
  • Plumbing: Shower/Tub
  • Plumbing: Roof Vent
  • Plumbing: Sink
    Drop-in sink
  • Plywood
    Wood panel composed of wood veneer layers bonded together using pressure.
  • Radiant Barrier
    Reflective foil that reflects infrared energy and keeps it from entering the living space.
  • Rebar
    ½ Inch
    #4 Rebar
  • Steep Roof: Gutter
    Located on the edge of a roof. This collects runoff rainwater and show melt and directs to the downspout.
  • Steep Roof: Downspout
    Vertical pipe usually located on corners to transfer water from the roof to ground level.
  • Steep Roof: Splash Block
    Located under a downspout. It is used to block erosion from the water coming out of the downspout and to help direct the water away from the building.
  • Steep Roof: Underlayment
    Layer of waterproof material between the roofing material and the roof sheathing.
  • Steep Roof: Clay Tile
  • Steep Roof: Shingle (Wood Shingle)
    Shingle: Water resistant material laid in an overlapping pattern to keep water from going underneath and into the sheathing.
  • Steep Roof: Metal Panel
    Materials used: Galvanized or aluminum steel
  • Steep Roof: Gable
  • Steep Roof: Gambrel
  • Steep Roof: Hip
  • Steep Roof: Mansard
  • Steep Roof: Ridge
    The intersection of two roof planes. (Gable Roof)
  • Steep Roof: Valley
  • Steep Roof: Eave
    The edge that is horizontal on a sloping roof.
  • Steep Roof: Rake
    The sloped edge of a roof.
  • Steep Roof: Soffit
    The underside of a roof overhang.
  • Steep Roof: Fascia
    Exposed vertical face of an eave that the gutter attaches to.
  • Stone: Random Rubble
  • Stone: Coursed Rubble
  • Stone: Random Ashlar
  • Stone: Coursed Ashlar
  • Vapor Retarder
    Layer of material to stop the passage of water through a building assembly.
    Put on the interior face of the insulation.
  • Waterproofing
    Membrane applied to the outside of a foundation.
    Liquid applied
  • Weep Hole
    Small opening to allow water to drain out.
  • Welded Wire Fabric
  • Window: Double Hung
  • Window: Casement
  • Window: Sliding