Air Barrier Paper Used as a vapor retarder and air barrier on the sheathing of house to help with waterproofing.
Attic Ventilation: Soffit Vent Used to help air flow into the attic
Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent Located at the roof ridge. It’s an open space that allows air circulation.
Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent Located in the gable of a roof. It’s used to remove extra heat and humidity from the attic.
Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine
The roof turbine circulates air in the attic and helps remove warm air.
Backhoe Used in excavation work. Such as digging foundations. The width of this bucket is 22 ½ Inches.
Batter Boards Set up outside the corners of the building with a string and a plumb bob. These help keep the corners at a 90° angle.
Brick Arches Jack Arch Arch with keystone Roman Arch
Centering Temporary framework for arches used during mason work.
Brick Bond: Flemish Courses alternate between headers and stretchers
Brick Bond: Running Each course is an alternating strecher.
Brick Bonds: Rowlocks Rowlocks
Brick Bonds: Headers Headers
Brick Bonds: Soldiers Soldiers
Brick Bonds: Sailors Sailors
Brick Bonds: Stretcher Rowlocks Shiners
Brick Sizes Modular Modular: 3 ½ x 2 ¼ x 7 ½ Utility: 3 ½ x 3 ½ x 11 ½ Utility
Bulldozer Used to flatten ground and move soil in rough site work.
Cladding: Stone Random ashlar pattern.
Cladding: Wood Board
Cladding: Wood Shake Shake: Type of shingle that is split from a block of wood Shingle: Sawn, not split.
Code Requirements: Egress Window W: 32 ½ inches H: 24 ½ inches A: 5.5 SF 44 inches AFF Code: W: 20 inches H: 24 inches A: 5.7 SF 44 inches AFF This window doesn’t meet code because the area is only 5.5 SF and it is supposed to be 5.7 SF
Code Requirements: Stairs Tread: 11 inches Riser: 7 inches Code: Tread: 10 inch min Riser: 7 ¾ inch max These stairs meet the code requirements.
Concrete Joints: Control A cut made in the concrete where a crack is expected to take place. The cut makes that point weak to force the crack to happen there. It decreases cracks in other locations. Crack Control Joint
Concrete Joint: Isolation The slab is isolated from the wall here.
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) 3 brick bonds = 1 CMU
CMU: Sizes 12 x 8 x 16 4 x 8 x 16
Decorative CMUs: Split Block
Decorative CMUs: Ribbed Block
Doors: Exterior Flush Flush
Doors: Exterior Panel Top Rail Panel Stile Lock Rail Bottom Rail
Doors: Transom and Sidelight Transom Transom: Window placed directly above a door. Sidelight: Window that is tall and skinny that is placed next to door. The glass is a tempered glass to prohibit breaking. Sidelight
Electrical: Transformer The transformer is another step down point. It converts it to a lower voltage.
Electrical: Service Head The service head is where electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter.
Electrical: Meter The meter measures the use of electricity.
Electrical: Service Panel The service panel is the main control center for all the electrical circuits in the house.
Electrical: Duplex Receptacle Where an appliance can be connected to gain electricity.
Framing: Anchor Bolt #1 Anchor Bolt
Framing: Sill Plate #2 Sill Plate
Framing: Floor Joist #3 Floor Joist
Framing: Subflooring #4 Subflooring
Framing: Sole Plate #5 Sole Plate
Framing: Stud #6 Stud
Framing: Top Plate #7 Top Plate
Framing: Ceiling Joist #8 Ceiling Joist
Framing: Rafter #9
Framing: Roof Decking # 10
Framing: Sheathing # 11
Framing: Stringer # 12
Front End Loader A front end loader can push things and pick them up and transport things. A backhoe digs and picks up, a bulldozer pushes.
Gypsum Board Wall finish made out of an mineral that comes in prefrabricated sheets. It resists sound and fire.
Heat Pump Air Handling Unit Advantage: Heats and cools Disadvantage: Not efficient in colder climates Compressor: The working fluid, in its gaseous state, is pressurized and circulated through the system as a liquid. Air handling unit: Conditioning and circulating air that is temperature control. Compressor
Insulation Slows the transfer of heat. It keeps the building cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.
Insulation: Loose Fill
Insulation: Rigid Board
Lintel Beam that goes across an opening that carries the load across the opening.
Mortar: Extruded This joint hasn’t been tooled or troweled. It was left alone. 3/8 inch This was on a house Probably N Mortar
Mortar: Concave This was tooled. 3/8 Inch Retaining wall Probably N Mortar
Oriented Strand Board Nonveenered panel that is manufactured by taking longs pieces of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together.
Plumbing: Lavatory 1 ½ inch drainage pipe
Plumbing: Water Closet 3-inch drainage pipe
Plumbing: Roof Vent
Plumbing: Sink Drop-in sink
Plywood Wood panel composed of wood veneer layers bonded together using pressure.
Radiant Barrier Reflective foil that reflects infrared energy and keeps it from entering the living space.
Rebar ½ Inch #4 Rebar
Steep Roof: Gutter Located on the edge of a roof. This collects runoff rainwater and show melt and directs to the downspout.
Steep Roof: Downspout Vertical pipe usually located on corners to transfer water from the roof to ground level.
Steep Roof: Splash Block Located under a downspout. It is used to block erosion from the water coming out of the downspout and to help direct the water away from the building.
Steep Roof: Underlayment Layer of waterproof material between the roofing material and the roof sheathing.
Steep Roof: Clay Tile
Steep Roof: Shingle (Wood Shingle) Shingle: Water resistant material laid in an overlapping pattern to keep water from going underneath and into the sheathing.
Steep Roof: Metal Panel Materials used: Galvanized or aluminum steel
Steep Roof: Gable
Steep Roof: Gambrel
Steep Roof: Hip
Steep Roof: Mansard
Steep Roof: Ridge The intersection of two roof planes. (Gable Roof) Ridge
Steep Roof: Valley
Steep Roof: Eave The edge that is horizontal on a sloping roof.
Steep Roof: Rake The sloped edge of a roof. Rake
Steep Roof: Soffit The underside of a roof overhang. Soffit
Steep Roof: Fascia Exposed vertical face of an eave that the gutter attaches to.
Stone: Random Rubble
Stone: Coursed Rubble
Stone: Random Ashlar
Stone: Coursed Ashlar
Vapor Retarder Layer of material to stop the passage of water through a building assembly. Put on the interior face of the insulation.
Waterproofing Membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. Liquid applied
Weep Hole Small opening to allow water to drain out.