Visual Dictionary Pp

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Visual Dictionary Pp

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />*noncombustible*<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Used as a vapor retarder and air barrier on the sheathing of house to help with waterproofing.<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation: Soffit Vent<br />Used to help air flow into the attic<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent<br />Located at the roof ridge. It’s an open space that allows air circulation.<br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent<br />Located in the gable of a roof. It’s used to remove extra heat and humidity from the attic.<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine<br /><ul><li>The roof turbine circulates air in the attic and helps remove warm air.</li></li></ul><li>Backhoe<br />Used in excavation work. Such as digging foundations.<br />The width of this bucket is 22 ½ Inches.<br />
  7. 7. Batter Boards<br />Set up outside the corners of the building with a string and a plumb bob. These help keep the corners at a 90° angle.<br />
  8. 8. Brick Arches<br />Jack Arch<br />Arch with keystone<br />Roman Arch<br />
  9. 9. Centering<br />Temporary framework for arches used during mason work.<br />
  10. 10. Brick Bond: Flemish<br />Courses alternate between headers and stretchers<br />
  11. 11. Brick Bond: Running<br />Each course is an alternating strecher.<br />
  12. 12. Brick Bonds: Rowlocks<br />Rowlocks<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds: Headers<br />Headers<br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds: Soldiers<br />Soldiers<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds: Sailors<br />Sailors<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds: Stretcher Rowlocks<br />Shiners<br />
  17. 17. Brick Sizes<br />Modular<br />Modular: 3 ½ x 2 ¼ x 7 ½<br />Utility: 3 ½ x 3 ½ x 11 ½ <br />Utility<br />
  18. 18. Bulldozer<br />Used to flatten ground and move soil in rough site work.<br />
  19. 19. Cladding: Brick<br />
  20. 20. Cladding: EFIS<br />
  21. 21. Cladding: Stone<br />Random ashlar pattern.<br />
  22. 22. Cladding: Wood Board<br />
  23. 23. Cladding: Wood Shake<br />Shake: Type of shingle that is split from a block of wood<br />Shingle: Sawn, not split.<br />
  24. 24. Code Requirements: Egress Window<br />W: 32 ½ inches<br />H: 24 ½ inches<br />A: 5.5 SF<br />44 inches AFF<br />Code:<br />W: 20 inches<br />H: 24 inches<br />A: 5.7 SF<br />44 inches AFF<br />This window doesn’t meet code because the area is only 5.5 SF and it is supposed to be 5.7 SF<br />
  25. 25. Code Requirements: Stairs<br />Tread: 11 inches<br />Riser: 7 inches<br />Code:<br />Tread: 10 inch min<br />Riser: 7 ¾ inch max<br />These stairs meet the code requirements. <br />
  26. 26. Concrete Joints: Control<br />A cut made in the concrete where a crack is expected to take place. The cut makes that point weak to force the crack to happen there. It decreases cracks in other locations.<br />Crack<br />Control Joint<br />
  27. 27. Concrete Joint: Isolation<br />The slab is isolated from the wall here.<br />
  28. 28. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)<br />3 brick bonds = 1 CMU<br />
  29. 29. CMU: Sizes<br />12 x 8 x 16<br />4 x 8 x 16<br />
  30. 30. Decorative CMUs: Split Block<br />
  31. 31. Decorative CMUs: Ribbed Block<br />
  32. 32. Doors: Exterior Flush<br />Flush<br />
  33. 33. Doors: Exterior Panel<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Stile<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  34. 34. Doors: Transom and Sidelight<br />Transom<br />Transom: Window placed directly above a door.<br />Sidelight: Window that is tall and skinny that is placed next to door. The glass is a tempered glass to prohibit breaking. <br />Sidelight<br />
  35. 35. Electrical: Transformer<br />The transformer is another step down point. It converts it to a lower voltage.<br />
  36. 36. Electrical: Service Head<br />The service head is where electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter.<br />
  37. 37. Electrical: Meter<br />The meter measures the use of electricity.<br />
  38. 38. Electrical: Service Panel<br />The service panel is the main control center for all the electrical circuits in the house.<br />
  39. 39. Electrical: Duplex Receptacle<br />Where an appliance can be connected to gain electricity. <br />
  40. 40. Framing: Anchor Bolt<br />#1<br />Anchor Bolt<br />
  41. 41. Framing: Sill Plate<br />#2<br />Sill Plate<br />
  42. 42. Framing: Floor Joist<br />#3<br />Floor Joist<br />
  43. 43. Framing: Subflooring<br />#4<br />Subflooring<br />
  44. 44. Framing: Sole Plate<br />#5<br />Sole Plate<br />
  45. 45. Framing: Stud<br />#6<br />Stud<br />
  46. 46. Framing: Top Plate<br />#7<br />Top Plate<br />
  47. 47. Framing: Ceiling Joist<br />#8<br />Ceiling Joist<br />
  48. 48. Framing: Rafter<br />#9<br />
  49. 49. Framing: Roof Decking<br /># 10<br />
  50. 50. Framing: Sheathing <br /># 11<br />
  51. 51. Framing: Stringer<br /># 12<br />
  52. 52. Front End Loader<br />A front end loader can push things and pick them up and transport things. A backhoe digs and picks up, a bulldozer pushes. <br />
  53. 53. Gypsum Board<br />Wall finish made out of an mineral that comes in prefrabricated sheets. It resists sound and fire.<br />
  54. 54. Heat Pump<br />Air Handling Unit<br />Advantage: Heats and cools<br />Disadvantage: Not efficient in colder climates<br />Compressor: The working fluid, in its gaseous state, is pressurized and circulated through the system as a liquid.<br />Air handling unit: Conditioning and circulating air that is temperature control.<br />Compressor<br />
  55. 55. Insulation<br />Slows the transfer of heat. It keeps the building cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.<br />
  56. 56. Insulation: Batt<br />
  57. 57. Insulation: Loose Fill<br />
  58. 58. Insulation: Foam<br />
  59. 59. Insulation: Rigid Board<br />
  60. 60. Lintel<br />Beam that goes across an opening that carries the load across the opening.<br />
  61. 61. Mortar: Extruded<br />This joint hasn’t been tooled or troweled. It was left alone. <br />3/8 inch <br />This was on a house<br />Probably N Mortar<br />
  62. 62. Mortar: Concave<br />This was tooled.<br />3/8 Inch<br />Retaining wall<br />Probably N Mortar<br />
  63. 63. Oriented Strand Board<br />Nonveenered panel that is manufactured by taking longs pieces of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together.<br />
  64. 64. Plumbing: Lavatory<br />1 ½ inch drainage pipe<br />
  65. 65. Plumbing: Water Closet<br />3-inch drainage pipe<br />
  66. 66. Plumbing: Shower/Tub<br />
  67. 67. Plumbing: Roof Vent<br />
  68. 68. Plumbing: Sink<br />Drop-in sink<br />
  69. 69. Plywood<br />Wood panel composed of wood veneer layers bonded together using pressure.<br />
  70. 70. Radiant Barrier<br />Reflective foil that reflects infrared energy and keeps it from entering the living space.<br />
  71. 71. Rebar<br />½ Inch<br />#4 Rebar<br />
  72. 72. Steep Roof: Gutter<br />Located on the edge of a roof. This collects runoff rainwater and show melt and directs to the downspout.<br />
  73. 73. Steep Roof: Downspout<br />Vertical pipe usually located on corners to transfer water from the roof to ground level.<br />
  74. 74. Steep Roof: Splash Block<br />Located under a downspout. It is used to block erosion from the water coming out of the downspout and to help direct the water away from the building.<br />
  75. 75. Steep Roof: Underlayment <br />Layer of waterproof material between the roofing material and the roof sheathing.<br />
  76. 76. Steep Roof: Clay Tile<br />
  77. 77. Steep Roof: Shingle (Wood Shingle)<br />Shingle: Water resistant material laid in an overlapping pattern to keep water from going underneath and into the sheathing.<br />
  78. 78. Steep Roof: Metal Panel<br />Materials used: Galvanized or aluminum steel<br />
  79. 79. Steep Roof: Gable<br />
  80. 80. Steep Roof: Gambrel<br />
  81. 81. Steep Roof: Hip<br />
  82. 82. Steep Roof: Mansard<br />
  83. 83. Steep Roof: Ridge<br />The intersection of two roof planes. (Gable Roof)<br />Ridge<br />
  84. 84. Steep Roof: Valley<br />
  85. 85. Steep Roof: Eave<br />The edge that is horizontal on a sloping roof.<br />
  86. 86. Steep Roof: Rake<br />The sloped edge of a roof.<br />Rake<br />
  87. 87. Steep Roof: Soffit<br />The underside of a roof overhang. <br />Soffit<br />
  88. 88. Steep Roof: Fascia <br />Exposed vertical face of an eave that the gutter attaches to.<br />
  89. 89. Stone: Random Rubble<br />
  90. 90. Stone: Coursed Rubble<br />
  91. 91. Stone: Random Ashlar<br />
  92. 92. Stone: Coursed Ashlar<br />
  93. 93. Vapor Retarder<br />Layer of material to stop the passage of water through a building assembly.<br />Put on the interior face of the insulation.<br />
  94. 94. Waterproofing<br />Membrane applied to the outside of a foundation.<br />Liquid applied<br />
  95. 95. Weep Hole<br />Small opening to allow water to drain out.<br />
  96. 96. Welded Wire Fabric<br />
  97. 97. Window: Double Hung<br />
  98. 98. Window: Casement <br />
  99. 99. Window: Sliding<br />

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