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# Problem Formulation

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Introduction to Problem Formulation

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• ### Problem Formulation

1. 1. Problem Formulation What is a problem formulation in a report
2. 2. The report <ul><li>A report is meant to investigate a specific problem. Investigate means solve, analyze, discuss, interpret, estimate </li></ul>
3. 3. The Problem Formulation <ul><li>A problem formulation is/can be a question or something you are wondering about. </li></ul>
4. 4. The Problem Formulation <ul><li>The problem should be something you can solve/give answers to. </li></ul><ul><li>A conclusion in a report is always the answer to the problem formulation. </li></ul>
5. 5. Different types of problem formulation: <ul><li>&quot;What” - descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Why” - explanatory </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;How” - normative </li></ul>
6. 6. Case <ul><li>A company has trouble integrating new employees. </li></ul>
7. 7. What <ul><li>is what you call a descriptive problem formulation - it describes a problem! </li></ul><ul><li>Example: What kind of problems appear for the company and the employee in the beginning of the employment? </li></ul>
8. 8. Why <ul><li>is the explanatory problem formulation - it wants to explain a problem! </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Why does it seems that the employees have trouble adapting the culture in the organisation? </li></ul>
9. 9. How <ul><li>is the normative problem formulation - it tries to solve a problem! </li></ul><ul><li>Example: How can the company make sure that the new employees get all the support they need? </li></ul>
10. 10. Hypothesis <ul><li>A problem formulation can be in the form of a hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>The company is hiring the wrong kind of people. </li></ul>
11. 11. Add some words <ul><li>State your intentions </li></ul><ul><li>We will use qualitative research to establish what kind of problems appear for the company and the employee in the beginning of the employment. </li></ul>