Finding and evaluating Information Nigel Gibson
How do I know that it’s useful? <ul><li>The world is full of information </li></ul><ul><li>Some is good and valid </li></u...
PROMPT <ul><li>One way to assess information is to apply the PROMPT test: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></u...
Presentation <ul><li>The way in which information is presented can have an effect on the way we receive and perceive it </...
Relevance <ul><li>Relevance is an important aspect of information quality </li></ul><ul><li>It might not relate to the qua...
Objectivity <ul><li>Is the evidence balanced? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it offer the pros and cons of a particular perspectiv...
Method <ul><li>How was the information gathered?  </li></ul><ul><li>Is it clear how the information was gathered? </li></u...
Provenance  <ul><li>Who produced it and why? Is it clear who produced it – if not why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself ...
Timeliness <ul><li>Is it current? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it represent the latest information? </li></ul><ul><li>Have thing...
Useful resource <ul><li>I’ve taken much of this from Safari ( http://www.open.ac.uk/safari/index.php )  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Any questions?
Exercise <ul><li>We’re going to read the paper now! </li></ul>
Consider <ul><li>P – Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>R – Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>O – Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>M – ...
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Evaluating Information

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Presentation for Sussex Downs College access students, 19/05/08

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Evaluating Information

  1. 1. Finding and evaluating Information Nigel Gibson
  2. 2. How do I know that it’s useful? <ul><li>The world is full of information </li></ul><ul><li>Some is good and valid </li></ul><ul><li>Some is less credible </li></ul><ul><li>It’s important to find ways of deciding which is which! </li></ul>
  3. 3. PROMPT <ul><li>One way to assess information is to apply the PROMPT test: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Presentation <ul><li>The way in which information is presented can have an effect on the way we receive and perceive it </li></ul><ul><li>The old saying ‘you can’t judge a book by its cover’ </li></ul><ul><li>Consider whether something is “all show, no go” </li></ul><ul><li>Look beyond glossy presentation (and don’t discount something just because it looks tatty) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Relevance <ul><li>Relevance is an important aspect of information quality </li></ul><ul><li>It might not relate to the quality of the information but rather whether it’s what you need </li></ul><ul><li>You might consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level – is it too detailed/specialised or too general/simple for what you need? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis – it may not contain the kind of information you are seeking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic – it may relate to countries or areas you are not interested in at this time. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Objectivity <ul><li>Is the evidence balanced? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it offer the pros and cons of a particular perspective? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you need to find some balancing information </li></ul>
  7. 7. Method <ul><li>How was the information gathered? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it clear how the information was gathered? </li></ul><ul><li>Is “I asked a bloke in the pub” a valid data collection technique? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Provenance <ul><li>Who produced it and why? Is it clear who produced it – if not why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself “Why does the author want to tell me this?” </li></ul><ul><li>It would be wrong to dismiss something because of who wrote it but you should consider whether they have a vested interest in a particular viewpoint </li></ul><ul><li>This links with objectivity </li></ul>
  9. 9. Timeliness <ul><li>Is it current? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it represent the latest information? </li></ul><ul><li>Have things changed since it was produced? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Useful resource <ul><li>I’ve taken much of this from Safari ( http://www.open.ac.uk/safari/index.php ) </li></ul><ul><li>Skills in accessing, finding and reviewing information </li></ul><ul><li>An OU resource </li></ul>
  11. 11. Any questions?
  12. 12. Exercise <ul><li>We’re going to read the paper now! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Consider <ul><li>P – Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>R – Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>O – Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>M – Method </li></ul><ul><li>P – Provenance </li></ul><ul><li>T – Timeliness </li></ul><ul><li>What is the medium? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is it aimed at? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it funded? </li></ul>
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