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Before World War II there were two Jewish synagogues in Palanga. The Jews also owned shops. Now there is a street called Synagogue’s street in the centre of the town where one of the synagogues was situated.
The Jews comprised 7% of the total population of Lithuania. On the very first days of World War II a massive destruction of the Jews started. Different criminals joined the armed Germans in these pogroms.
Special groups formed in Germany were sent to Lithuania in order to destroy the communists, the Gipsies and the Jews.
The role of the Germans in the pogroms, which were planned by the Nazis’ secret agents, was kept top secret. In Germany the murders were reported to have been committed by the locals in revenge for the Jews’ support of the Soviets .