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Noelle Milad Rachel Trulock Claire Cousino“A painting is not about experience, it is an experience.”
Summary Main Influences: Surrealism, cubism, impressionism Historical Context: WWII, Great Depression Main Artists Pollock, de Kooning, Kline, Rothko Public reaction
Quick review: Cubism- Geometric shapes, sharp lines, didn‟t paint with natural lines Picasso Impressionism- Ordinary scenes, played with the lighting of the scene Manet Surrealism Dali, Ernst
Great Depression Works Progress Administration (WPA) Tried (somewhat successfully) to get U.S. out of Great Depression Optimistic Federal Art Project Government hired artists to paint murals (just and example) and bring hope to the people
World War II Genocide of Jewish culture Affected Rothko specifically Expressed opinion against totalitarian government control in Europe Showed their pessimism and negative feelings Showed violence to mirror wartime. “Their brutality of their art was screaming out of rage at what their world had become.”
Naked Man withKnife, 1938-1940, Pollock
Action paintingArtists: Jackson Pollock Willem de Kooning Franz Kline: Lead into color field Techniques Used various tools, unconventional tools Drip painting (Pollock), swiping brushes across canvas
Action Painting •Motive- wanted to evoke strong emotion •Wanted to be a part of the painting •Used large canvases http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=bSjY4e7Nq To (2:13) Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) Troubled childhood Lived in New York City Worked on the Federal Art Project (Great Depression). Dealt with severe alcoholism; died in a drinking and driving accident
Jackson Pollock Drip painting: 1947-1950 Used wall paints (fluid paint, muted colors, unconventional applicators, unprimed and un-stretched, large canvas) Defined “drip painting” as a type of action painting. Wanted to be “in” the paintings.
No.5 1948, Pollock, 1948
Blue Poles, Pollock, 1952
Convergence, Pollock(1952) “I can control the flow of the paint, there is no accident.”
Willem de Kooning (1904-1997) Sculptures and paintings Started as a commercial artist Federal Art Project (1935-1939) Murals
Willem de Kooning Subjects of paintings are easily recognizable, unlike other abstract expressionists. Women series is his most famous works Applied paint in aggressive manners
Woman, de Kooning(1950)
Excavation, de Kooning (1950)
Women and Bicycle, de Kooning(1953)
Franz Kline (1910-1962) Childhood upbringing influenced his aggressive painting style Influenced by wife‟s illness Didn‟t have a meaning behind what was painted on the canvas Black and white paintings Avoided bright colors
Chief, Kline (1950)
Painting No. 2, Kline (1954)
Mahoning, Kline (1956)
Color fieldArtists: Franz Kline Mark Rothko Techniques Blocks of bright colors Huge canvases Motive- Evoke intense emotional reaction Emotion- The color in the painting
Paintings were typically very large and painted on big canvasesMark Rothko
Mark Rothko (1903-1970) Born in Latvia, moved to the U.S. Attended Yale Dropped out because of the elitist feelings there. Worked with Jackson Pollock.
Mark Rothko He looked at art as something that is inspired from one‟s feelings within. Wanted to expose and bring out reality to the viewer. Painted to represent a single idea that summarized all the ideas of human feelings such as human values.
White Center, Rothko(1950)
No. 10, Rothko (1950)
No. 2, Rothko(1951)
Public Reaction Generally accepted by the public Appreciated the reality of the society coming out through the art. Liked by the art community Boosted the public„s morale
After AbstractExpressionism Pop art Andy Warhol Minimalism Was the transition between modernism and postmoderism