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New movements in Ireland - The Buildup to the 1916 Rising
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New movements in Ireland - The Buildup to the 1916 Rising


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Slides on the GAA, Gaelic League, Literary Revival and the Socialist Movement in Ireland from 1880 to 1916

Slides on the GAA, Gaelic League, Literary Revival and the Socialist Movement in Ireland from 1880 to 1916

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  • 1. New Cultural Movements  The culture of a country are some of the non-physical characteristics that make a country distinctive. Some examples are:  Language  Sport  Religion  Traditions  Art and Literature  Dress
  • 2. Anglicisation…  This was the fear that Ireland was becoming more like England every day – if we didn’t do something about it we would be unfit to govern ourselves  Most Unionists had no problem with this but Nationalists didn’t like it and set up organisations to halt the spread of English Influence  Did they succeed?
  • 3. A success?
  • 4. Gaelic Athletic Association  Set up by a Clare teacher named Michael Cusack in 1884  As well as establishing a new sport, it gave Irish men (always men at this time) a chance to run a national organisation democratically Michael Cusack
  • 5. Gaelic League  Set up in 1893 by Douglas Hyde (who later became 1st President of Ireland) and Eoin MacNeill. Wanted to end the decline in people speaking the Irish language  It was also felt that Protestants and Catholics could cooperate to revive the language – wishful thinking!  The Organisation published a paper called An Claidheamh Soluis (Sword of Light) promoting the Irish Language  Still in existence today Eoin MacNeill
  • 6. The Literary Revival  WB Yeats and other poets and playwrights began writing plays about Irish topics in the 1890s – up to this point most plays were about English issues and topics (e.g. Shakespeare)  Yeats helped Lady Gregory set up the Abbey Theatre in 1904 – at last Ireland had a theatre dedicated to promoting Irish plays  Most famous play was The Playboy of the Western World – riots broke out in Dublin when it was first performed!
  • 7. New Political Movements  Sinn Fein – set up in 1905 by Arthur Griffith. Same party is still in existence today (current leader is Gerry Adams)  “Sinn Fein” means “ourselves alone” – wanted independence from Britain but at the beginning was committed to peaceful means (no IRA around in 1905).  Thought Irish people should just set up their own Parliament in Dublin and ignore the British  Willing to keep the King as head of state so Unionists would feel comfortable in an independent Ireland. Gerry Adams
  • 8. Labour Movement  For many poor people it did not matter if Ireland was free or not – they just wanted their living conditions to improve  There were people who wanted to end the poverty that affected these people – they were known as Socialists  Some Socialists wanted to have a revolution to get rid of the old system – James Connolly was one of these people  Statue of Connolly near Connolly Station
  • 9. Trade Unionists  Other Socialists, like Jim Larkin wanted workers to form Trade Unions. A trade union is a group of workers who act together to improve their wages and living conditions.  Larkin set up the ITGWU to work for better wages. Workers then went on strike (stopped working) to force their employers to grant a pay rise  Biggest strike – 1913 lockout  Connolly formed Irish Citizen Army to protect Workers from police attack
  • 10. Police attacking Strikers in Dublin, 1913
  • 11. Feminists  At the beginning of the 20th Century women had no right to vote in Ireland – Feminists wanted to change that.  Hanna Sheehy Skeffington was the most prominent feminist. She campaigned for “suffrage” – the right to vote  Peaceful and violent protests were used to give people the right to vote.  Voting rights was finally granted to women in 1918 after World War 1. 