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Slides for Second Year Junior Cert History on the Spanish Conqueror-Explorers - Cortes and Pizarro.

Slides for Second Year Junior Cert History on the Spanish Conqueror-Explorers - Cortes and Pizarro.

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  • 1. Spanish Conquerors of South America
  • 2. Cortes and Pizarro Cortes: Conqueror of the Aztecs in Mexico Pizarro: Conqueror of the Incas in Peru Cortes Pizarro
  • 3. The Aztec and Inca empires
  • 4. The Aztecs of Mexico King – Montezuma Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec empire and was built on islands on a huge lake
  • 5. Montezuma – King of the Aztecs
  • 6. Aztec civilisation A warlike civilization, like the Celts in Europe Built many elaborate temples in the shape of Pyramids Believed in Human Sacrifice to please their Gods
  • 7. Cortes The Aztecs believed Cortes was a God when he was first seen by them The Aztecs had never seen horses and thought the Spaniards were Centaurs (half man, half horse)
  • 8. Cortes Cortes was welcomed by Montezuma to Tenochtitlan However ordinary Aztecs became angry when they saw the Spanish robbing all the city’s gold Drove Cortes out of the city However Cortes later returned with other “native” allies and massacred the Aztecs Aztecs were also killed by diseases, especially smallpox Cortes was later named Governor of “New Spain” (Mexico) and built Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlan
  • 9. Matchup Exercise Cortes Conquered the Aztecs Mexico Aztec Temples Montezuma half man, half horse Tenochtitlan Aztec religious tradition Centaur new to the Aztecs Horses Where the Aztecs lived Pyramids Conquered the Incas Sacrifice Located in Peru Pizarro Aztec King Incas Aztec Capital
  • 10. Pizarro Pizarro was a Spanish Adventurer who had heard of the Incas and wanted to capture their Gold The Incas were a well developed and peaceful civilisation who lived in what is now known as Peru When the Incas saw Pizarro and his small army they were curious and friendly – however Pizarro took advantage of them and conquered their capital, Cuzco
  • 11. Life after the Conquistadors For the Incas and Aztecs, life after the Conquistadors was very hard – they were used as slaves, treated very harshly and died from diseases brought by the Europeans The Incas were the first to grow potatoes and the Spanish brought potatoes to Europe from the Incas
  • 12. Matchup Peru Mountains where the Incas lived Pizarro Conqueror of the Inca Incas Disease which killed many Incas Potatoes Weapon used by the Spanish Gold Country where Incas lived Cuzco Vegetable grown by Incas Atahualpa Conquered by Pizarro Cannons King of the Inca Andes Inca Capital City Smallpox What the Spanish wanted