Secondary Industries

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Secondary Industries

  1. 1. <ul>Secondary Industries </ul>
  2. 2. <ul>Systems </ul><ul>Inputs </ul><ul><ul><li>Raw materials
  3. 3. Labour
  4. 4. Transport
  5. 5. Markets
  6. 6. Services
  7. 7. Capital
  8. 8. Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul>Outputs </ul><ul><ul><li>Products
  9. 9. By products
  10. 10. Waste </li></ul></ul><ul>Processes </ul>
  11. 11. <ul>PC PRO Cork </ul><ul>http://www.pcprodistribution.ie/ </ul>
  12. 12. <ul>PC PRO, Cork </ul><ul>Inputs </ul><ul><li>Buildings
  13. 13. Employees
  14. 14. Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case
  15. 15. CPU
  16. 16. Hard disk
  17. 17. Monitor
  18. 18. Keyboard
  19. 19. Mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All usual inputs </li></ul><ul>Processes </ul><ul><li>Tagging
  20. 20. Shelving
  21. 21. Selecting
  22. 22. Assembling
  23. 23. Quality control
  24. 24. Testing
  25. 25. Packaging
  26. 26. Delivery </li></ul><ul>Outputs </ul><ul><li>Computers
  27. 27. Monitors
  28. 28. Keyboards
  29. 29. Software
  30. 30. Waste </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul>Bread factory </ul><ul>Inputs </ul><ul><li>1
  32. 32. 2
  33. 33. 3
  34. 34. 4
  35. 35. 5
  36. 36. Buildings
  37. 37. Employees
  38. 38. All usual inputs </li></ul><ul>Processes </ul><ul><li>1
  39. 39. 2
  40. 40. 3
  41. 41. 4
  42. 42. 5
  43. 43. Quality control
  44. 44. Packaging
  45. 45. Delivery </li></ul><ul>Outputs </ul><ul><li>1
  46. 46. 2
  47. 47. 3
  48. 48. Waste </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul>Heavy and Light </ul><ul>Heavy Industries </ul><ul><li>Bulky inputs
  50. 50. Heavy inputs
  51. 51. Bulky outputs
  52. 52. Heavy outputs
  53. 53. Large factories/plants
  54. 54. Eg ReadyMix, Naas </li></ul><ul>Light Industries </ul><ul><li>Light inputs
  55. 55. Small inputs
  56. 56. Light products
  57. 57. Small products
  58. 58. Small factories in industrial estates
  59. 59. Eg PC PRO, Cork </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul>ReadyMix Naas </ul><ul>See an animation of the concrete making process here . </ul>
  61. 61. <ul>Industrial Estates </ul><ul><li>Offers shared services for factories (infrastructure) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone
  62. 62. Water
  63. 63. Electricity
  64. 64. Roads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are divided into plots </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul>Where are they located? </ul><ul><li>Near major roads for transport </li></ul><ul><li>Near airports </li></ul><ul><li>On edge of urban areas for workers and to avoid traffic jams </li></ul>
  66. 66. <ul>Factors affecting industrial location </ul><ul><li>Resource materials
  67. 67. Labour
  68. 68. Transport facilities
  69. 69. Markets
  70. 70. Services
  71. 71. Capital
  72. 72. Gov’t and EU policies
  73. 73. Personal preferences </li></ul>
  74. 74. <ul>Resource materials </ul><ul><li>Being near raw materials/components means </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport costs reduced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Else </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Near airport/port for easy transport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Especially important for heavy industry </li></ul><ul>E.g ReadyMix located near gravel pits (7km) PC PRO located near Cork airport and port </ul>
  75. 75. <ul>Labour </ul><ul><li>Being near towns/cities provides employees with range of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Being near a University etc means workers will be highly skilled </li></ul><ul>E.g Readymix is near Naas,Newbridge which provides plenty workers PC PRO is near Cork and has electronic graduates from UCC </ul>
  76. 76. <ul>Transport facilities </ul><ul><li>Transport carries inputs, products and workers to factory </li></ul><ul><li>Good road and rail needed </li></ul><ul><li>Near airports and ports also </li></ul><ul>E.g Readymix is near N7 to Dublin and Cork and M50 to Dublin PC PRO is near N28 to Cork airport and port </ul>
  77. 77. <ul>Markets </ul><ul><li>Is important for factories to be near the market for its product.
  78. 78. Especially for industries producing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>heavy products - less transport costs
  79. 79. Bulky products - less transport costs
  80. 80. Perishable products – less chance food will go off
  81. 81. Fragile products - less chance of breakage </li></ul></ul><ul>E.g Readymix is 30 mins from Dublin </ul><ul><ul><li>PC PRO is 6km from Cork </li></ul></ul>
  82. 82. <ul>Services </ul><ul><li>Factories need onsite services e.g Electricity, Water, Telephone
  83. 83. All available on an industrial estate </li></ul><ul><li>Many factories have links with other factories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g for printing - security
  84. 84. Packaging - research
  85. 85. Courier - catering
  86. 86. Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul>E.g PC PRO has links with other factories for printing, packaging and couriers Readymix has no need for links </ul>
  87. 87. <ul>Capital </ul><ul><li>Factories need money </li></ul><ul><li>Loans and grants are given to factories if they are in a suitable location </li></ul><ul>E.g Readymix is a multinational company and the parent company provides funds AIB bank gave loans to PC PRO because of its good loaction </ul>
  88. 88. <ul>Gov’t and EU policies </ul><ul><li>Irish Gov’t encourages industry with low taxes on profits
  89. 89. IDA and Enterprise Ireland encourage industry to locate in Ireland
  90. 90. EU provides Structural Fund to improve services and attract industry
  91. 91. Free access to EU market </li></ul><ul>E.g Both Readymix and PC PRO pay low taxes on profits PC PRO imports inputs tax free from other EU countries </ul>
  92. 92. <ul>Personal preferences </ul><ul><li>Factory owners might prefer to locate near their homes.
  93. 93. Especially family businesses
  94. 94. Community support is important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro’s – will bring jobs to area
  95. 95. Con’s – Might pollute area </li></ul></ul><ul>E.g Readymix was welcomed because it brough jobs to Naas PC PRO began in near owners home but had to move as business got bigger </ul>
  96. 96. <ul>Footloose industry </ul><ul>A footloose industry is one that can be located in a variety of locations. It is not tied to one locational factor </ul><ul><li>In the past industry was tied to one locational factor
  97. 97. E.g Steel industry was near coal mines – coal was too bulky to transport – coal used for power
  98. 98. Industry had to be near towns/cities – workers had to walk to work </li></ul>
  99. 99. <ul><li>Today industry not tied to single factor.
  100. 100. E.g Electricity provides power and available everywhere
  101. 101. Workers can commute to work – good transport </li></ul><ul><li>Modern industry therefore can be footloose
  102. 102. E.g PC PRO Computers, Cork
  103. 103. Dell Computers, Limerick
  104. 104. Cadbury’s, Dublin </li></ul>

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