Polders

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New settlement patterns on Polders in the Netherlands

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Polders

  1. 1. PoldersThe Netherlands – the most populated country in Europe
  2. 2. • Polder – – flat lowlying area reclaimed from the sea / river / marsh – Protected by dykes – Drained by canals
  3. 3. Netherlands new settlement1. Planned rural settlement – Linear – Agricultural – Planned farms2. Planned urban settlement – Planned towns and villages • Central towns, villages surrounding it • Towns provide goods and services • Overspill towns on new polders
  4. 4. Case study - North East Polder• Part of Zuider Zee Scheme• North East Polder• Planned town – Emmeloord – Central – Meeting point of routes – Villages circle around the town – Ring roads + radial roads
  5. 5. Case study – Almere (Overspill town)• Randstad – conurbation (collection towns/cites in single urban area)• Rapid pop growth – Urban sprawl – Planned overspill towns – Eg Almere
  6. 6. Arguments for/against Markerward polderFor Against• Provide more farming • Expensive to drain land • No more new farming• Build more towns land needed now• Use for woods and • Use lake for water recreation sports and fishing

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