Migrant – someone who moves International migrant – moves to another country Immigrant – moves in to Emigrant – moves out of ( e xits) Internal migrant – moves with in a country Economic migrant – in search of better economic opportunities eg work Individual migration – choose to move by an individual Organised migration – planned by a government
Push factors – unattractive reasons push person out of a place (why leave here) Pull factors – favourable reasons pull person to place (why come here) Barrier – reasons not to migrate Migrate from a donor area Migrate to a host area Push/Pull factors
Effects of rural to urban migration Rural Reduce unemployment Reduce overcrowding Loss of young people Reduces economic growth Services close Depopulation Urban Influx of young – pop increase or even overcrowding Economy develops Migrants contribute to culture Growth of migrant areas eg ghettos
Plantation of Ulster Organised by English King – 1609 Land confiscated and divided into estates for English/Scottish planters Push factors Overpopulation in England/Scotland Irish forced off their land Pull factors Cheap land for planters Chance to civilise the Irish Adventure
Long term effects of Ulster Plantation Culture English language Protestantism Arable farming Divisions Irish Catholic – English Protestants Settlement Irish - rural dwellers English – urban dwellers towns
European colonisation of South America Spain and Portugal wanted wealth Divided and colonised South America Why migrate to SA? Conquistadors - Gold Catholic Missionaries Land and wealth Slaves forced to work plantations Effects Spanish/Portugese culture, buildings, religion, language Coloured people in S America
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