Exploitation
Income Gap <ul><li>Rich countries dominate world markets </li></ul><ul><li>This makes it difficult for poorer countries to...
1. Colonialism <ul><li>Colonialism  - Powerful ‘developed’ nations exploit/abuse/control weaker ‘less developed’ nations <...
Ireland <ul><li>Colony of England </li></ul><ul><li>Exploited by England </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost land – Plantations...
Effects of Plantations <ul><li>Land -> English </li></ul><ul><li>Food exported to England </li></ul><ul><li>Profit -> Engl...
Effects on Ireland’s Trade <ul><li>Ireland sold cash crops/cheap goods to England </li></ul><ul><li>England sold expensive...
Elsewhere <ul><li>1800 – 1900 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar effects of colonialism took place in Africa and South America ...
 
 
2. Trade <ul><li>South provides cheap/unprocessed and agricultural raw materials (cash crops) for North. (No food crops = ...
CASH CROPS
<ul><li>Many countries in South depend on only one export </li></ul><ul><li>Ethopia – 71% Cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria ...
 
Coffee Producing Countries of the World
Coffee trade <ul><li>Latin America depends on coffee for income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin America produces the coffee be...
Coffee - how the money is divided up
 
 
Protectionism <ul><li>Gov’ts in North protect industry with tarrifs </li></ul><ul><li>Tarrifs make imported goods dearer t...
Solution? <ul><li>Fair Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Export variety </li></ul><ul><li>Agreements on prices </li></ul>
 
  Fair trade
  Fair trade
  Impact of Fair trade
 
3. Debt <ul><li>South in debt to North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money borrowed for projects eg arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
 
Africa <ul><li>Each year per person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$11- health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$23 - education </li></ul...
 
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Exploitation

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  • The Fair Trade movement seeks to educate people in the developed world about the conditions people endure to produce the everyday commodities. they consume. They encourage people to buy the more expensive Fair Trade brands which are produced in situations which give producers a better deal.
  • People can help by buying products produced by unionised labour
  • What’s the message of this cartoon?
  • Exploitation

    1. 1. Exploitation
    2. 2. Income Gap <ul><li>Rich countries dominate world markets </li></ul><ul><li>This makes it difficult for poorer countries to develop economically </li></ul><ul><li>The income Gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. 1. Colonialism <ul><li>Colonialism - Powerful ‘developed’ nations exploit/abuse/control weaker ‘less developed’ nations </li></ul><ul><li>Colony – country controlled by another </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial Power – the controlling country </li></ul><ul><li>Empire = Controlling country + it’s colonies </li></ul>
    4. 4. Ireland <ul><li>Colony of England </li></ul><ul><li>Exploited by England </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost land – Plantations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade profited England </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Effects of Plantations <ul><li>Land -> English </li></ul><ul><li>Food exported to England </li></ul><ul><li>Profit -> England </li></ul><ul><li>English became rich </li></ul><ul><li>Irish remained poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famine – food continued to be sent to England </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Effects on Ireland’s Trade <ul><li>Ireland sold cash crops/cheap goods to England </li></ul><ul><li>England sold expensive goods back to Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Trade benefited England </li></ul><ul><li>Irish economy depended on England </li></ul><ul><li>English Law – discouraged Irish industry </li></ul>
    7. 7. Elsewhere <ul><li>1800 – 1900 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar effects of colonialism took place in Africa and South America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain = Portugal – S America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England + France - Africa </li></ul></ul>
    8. 10. 2. Trade <ul><li>South provides cheap/unprocessed and agricultural raw materials (cash crops) for North. (No food crops = food shortage) </li></ul><ul><li>North sells goods to South at great profit </li></ul><ul><li>South - Prices of raw materials keep falling </li></ul><ul><li>South must produce more to earn same amount </li></ul>
    9. 11. CASH CROPS
    10. 12. <ul><li>Many countries in South depend on only one export </li></ul><ul><li>Ethopia – 71% Cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria – 94% Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Somalia – 73% Cattle </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya – 92% Coffee </li></ul>
    11. 14. Coffee Producing Countries of the World
    12. 15. Coffee trade <ul><li>Latin America depends on coffee for income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin America produces the coffee beans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exports all coffee beans grown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st World produces the coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% profit –> Latin America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90% -> Processors + traders in developed world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee prices rise and fall </li></ul></ul>
    13. 16. Coffee - how the money is divided up
    14. 19. Protectionism <ul><li>Gov’ts in North protect industry with tarrifs </li></ul><ul><li>Tarrifs make imported goods dearer than home produced goods </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps South poor because many of their processed goods are unable to penetrate markets in North </li></ul><ul><li>South remains a producer (little profits) </li></ul><ul><li>North remains the processor (big profits) </li></ul>
    15. 20. Solution? <ul><li>Fair Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Export variety </li></ul><ul><li>Agreements on prices </li></ul>
    16. 22. Fair trade
    17. 23. Fair trade
    18. 24. Impact of Fair trade
    19. 26. 3. Debt <ul><li>South in debt to North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money borrowed for projects eg arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corrupt leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South pays interest on debt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’ts have little money for education, health etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worst countries - African </li></ul></ul>
    20. 28. Africa <ul><li>Each year per person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$11- health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$23 - education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$22 – debt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>$40 million a day - debt </li></ul>

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