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“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
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“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”

267

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De Empodera.org, una iniciativa de la Fundación Cibervoluntarios.

De Empodera.org, una iniciativa de la Fundación Cibervoluntarios.

Published in: News & Politics
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  • 1. !""#$%&(")*%+%),- ,.*#/,+%.,"0#)/,)-%1 &2/%/%"3%)%)0+%$41 /,)-%1)5!6!"#$%&()$*+&,+-.(+/./0/(1/2(+%&+3( 4-.%(0/5.+6/7&2$3-.1(/$,) %&,0(*(1&+&,1&+3/7$+&. 7778929#:8&#.
  • 2. A$+0$"&0/(3+QA$.+6$""&0/(3RB+&3+"(1&/(3+$/*/.(3+S+3$,1(7(T$,+%&/2(%$,+#-&%&.+,&+%/,1/7-/%$,8+0$#/(%$,+S+&UEP/7/%$,+"/&.1(,+,-+-,$+.$+,&(+0$"&0/(3)4-.%(0/5.+6/7&2$3-.1(/$,8+9::;<=+!%/0/5.+>?@AB+;CDEDFE;;<GE:HFE9IJB+KL+GD;E9::;>"#&,$+&.+!,#(M(+N+!"#$%&(#$()*+#$>"#&,$+#$+@-7$O+K-73/,P/.*
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  • 4. E+>>>+E++!eK!W>!A6>Y?+I!+!LK[I!WYL>!AX[6-(.%$+3(+&%+,&+0$.2/&1&+&.+&3+"&T$+(3/(%$+0$.1(3(+0/,/,+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))CCJ(+ ,-#&(0/5.+ %&+ 3$,+ 3b"/1&,+ 0-31-(3&,)+ J(+ #-&1((7/&1(+(+3(+0-31-(+*3$7(3+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))D<f$3%,+ 6$33/%/.*B+ X&0P.$3$*S+ 6(,P&,+ ]/1P+ Y-1/,"(.%+@$1P+f/.+))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))DCg.(+(#$U/"(0/5.+(+3$,+"/"7&,+/"#&,0/.%/73&,));`>6X,+E+X$$3,+^$+(01/2&+0/1/d&.,P/#+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))));;X&0.$3$*b(,+h-&+#$1&.0/(.+3(,+0(#(0/%(%&,+ ))))))<:C E+>+E++ij Xk+6[L[+!?+!J !LK[I!WYL>!AX[_+4&.(.%$+@$1P&3P$+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))<<H[,0(+!,#//1-,(.1$+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))<<;>*.(0/$+4&.l.%&d+))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))<9C>,/%$+L(S(+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))<`<>3%&^$.,$+L(S$*(,+ ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))<`C
  • 5. <.*#/4+%0, X$%(,+ 3(,+ #&,$.(,+ %&.1$+ %&+ 3(+ 4-.%(0/5.6/7&2$3-.1(/$,8+ %&,%&+ ,-+ .(0/"/&.1$8+ 1(7(T("$,%b(+ (+ %b(+ &.1$.$+ (+ -.(+ 2/,/5.B+ ,%#-#.+"( -+/( 0,&1+/2&3$4-456+/(3474(7&#4(*+"+(*"4*#3#+"(-+(#$$41+3#8$/43#+-(9(&-(&/+""4--4(:,7+$4; j &"#/&d$+%/0/&.%$+%4+/(-+/(*&"/4$+/(&$%"4(&$,&/%"+(&$%#+ #$h-&+&3+0$"#$"/,$+h-&+1&.&"$,S+3(+*&.1&+h-&+.$,+(0$"#(M(+2(+"l,+(33l+%&+3(+$*(E./d(0/5.)+ K&,$.(,+ %&+ (%"/./,1(0/$.&,8+ &.1/%(%&,8&"#&,(,8+ "&%/$,8+ (*&.1&,+ ,$0/(3&,8+ 0/7&2$3-.1(E/$,m+0/&.1$,+%&+#&,$.(,+h-&+(#-&,1(.+#$+&3+0("E7/$+,$0/(38+0$.+-.(+#&,#&01/2(+%/2&,(+S+"-31/,&01$E/(38+ h-&+ 0&&.+ &.+ 3$+ h-&+ P(0&"$,8+ .$,+ (0$"#(M(.%b(+(+%b(+S+,&+/"#3/0(.+0$.+.-&,1(+2/,/5.) !,1&+ 3/7$+ &,+ -.+ &T&"#3$+ %&+ &,1(+ /"#3/0(0/5.8+ -.#-.1$+%&+(#$S$+0$.+&3+h-&+"$2&+&3+"-.%$+P(0/(+-.(.-&2(+ &(3/%(%)+ !,+ 0/&1$+ h-&+ &3+ -,$+ $+ .$+ %&+ P&(E"/&.1(,+1&0.$35*/0(,+&,1l+#$2$0(.%$+%&,/*-(3%(%&,#&$+1("7/V.+&,+2&%(%+h-&+.-.0(+&.+3(+P/,1$/(+P(P(7/%$+ -.(+ P&("/&.1(+ "&T$+ #((+ &3/"/.(+ $1(,7&0P(,8+S(+,&(.+7&0P(,+,$0/(3&,8+&0$.5"/0(,8+0-3E1-(3&,8+&%-0(1/2(,+$+%&+$1$+1/#$)+j &.+&,$+&,+&.+3$h-&+ .$,+ &.^$0("$,8+ .$+ &.+ -1/3/d(+ 3(+ 1&0.$3$*b(+ #&,&8+,/.$+0$"$+"&%/$+#((+#$#/0/(+3(+/..$2(0/5.+,$E0/(3+&+/"#-3,(+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+#&,$.(3) ij h-V+&,+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$_+K$+^(2$8+15"(1&-.$,+"/.-1$,8+0/&(+3$,+$T$,8+&,#/(+#$^-.%("&.1&8 C
  • 6. /"(*/.(8+ #/&.,(+ S+ #&*n.1(1&3$)+ o-/&$+ h-&+ 3$+ 2/,/$E.&,8+ h-&+ %&,"/*(T&,+ 3(+ #(3(7(8+ h-&+ (7(.%$.&,+ 3$&,1(73&0/%$8+ h-&+ "&+ %/*(,+ h-V+ ,/*./^/0(+ #((+ 1/8+ h-V0&&,+h-&+#-&%&+,/*./^/0(+#((+3(+#&,$.(+h-&+1/&.&,(+ 1-+ 3(%$c+ $+ 3$+ h-&+ ,/*./^/0(b(+ #((+ (3*-/&.+ "-S+ 3&ET(.$8+"-S+%/,1/.1$+(+1/m ?&*-$+ h-&+ -.(+ 2&d+ &,-&31(+ &,(+ #&*-.1(+ ,&+ 1&#3(.1&(.+$1(,+0-&,1/$.&,8+0$"$+#$+&T&"#3$8+i05"$,&+ &"#$%&(+ -.(+ #&,$.(_+ io-V+ #(#&3+ T-&*(.+ 3(,1&0.$3$*b(,+&.+&33$_+ij 3(+/..$2(0/5._+i!,+&3+&"#$E%&("/&.1$+-.(+/..$2(0/5.+&.+,b+"/,"$_+io-V+0$.E,&0-&.0/(,+ 0$.33&2(_+ ia(S+ &"#$%&("/&.1$+ &.+ "/&.1$.$_+ !.+&,1(+3b.&(8+(+3$,+(-1$&,+%&+&,1&+3/7$+#&.,(+&.&"#$%&("/&.1$+3&,+P(+33&2(%$+(+-.(+,&/&+%&+&^3&EU/$.&,+ #&,$.(3&,8+ (+ %&7(1/+ 0$.+ ,-,+ 0$"#(M&$,(.1&,+%&+&,0/7/+&3+1&U1$8+(+0$.1(+,-+&U#&/&.0/(+%&&"#$%&("/&.1$8+$+,&.0/33("&.1&+%&0/+3$+h-&+#&.,(E7(.)+!,(+&,+3(+"(*/()+ K$+&33$8+(*(%&0&"$,+,-+0$.$0/"/&.1$8+&U#&/&.E0/(+S+%&,/.1&V,)+6(%(+-.$+P(+#3(,"(%$+-.(+#/"&(2/,/5.+%&+1$%$+3$+h-&+1&.&"$,+#$+%&3(.1&+%&,%&+-.(#&,#&01/2(+"-S+#&,$.(38+(+2&0&,+/3-,/$.(.1&+S+"$E1/2(%$(8+ (+ 2&0&,+ #l01/0(8+ 1(.*/73&8+ 0(,/+ #(3#(73&8$1(,8+,/"#3&"&.1&8+#&1-7(%$()+ Y .$,$1$,+ #3(.1&(.$,+ &,1(,+ 0-&,1/$.&,+ .$,+ P(#$#/0/(%$+ -.(+ &U0&3&.1&+ %/,&1(0/5.+ /.1&.(+ h-&+ P(0$.,&*-/%$+ &./h-&0&.$,+ #&,$.(3"&.1&+ S+ &^$d(.-&,1(+2/,/5.)+D
  • 7. ij 05"$+ P&"$,+ 33&*(%$+ (+ &,1&+ #-.1$_+ iK$+ h-V.$,+#3(.1&("$,+&,1(,+0-&,1/$.&,_+I&,%&+,-,+/./0/$,3(+4-.%(0/5.+#(1/0/#5+"-S+(01/2("&.1&+&.+3(+6-"7&L-.%/(3+%&+3(+?$0/&%(%+%&+3(+>.^$"(0/5.8+&.+3(+^("/E3/(+ %&+ 3$,+ 2$3-.1(/$,8+ #/"&$+ &.+ 3(,+ *"&*347/ &.p/.&7(+ S+ 3-&*$+ &.+ Xn.&d)+ g.(+ &U#&/&.0/(+ *(1/^/E0(.1&+h-&+.$,+(#$15+-.(+2/,/5.+*3$7(3+%&3+"$"&.1$&.+h-&+.$,+&.0$.1("$,+&^$d5+.-&,1(+0&&.0/(+&.&3+1(7(T$+"-31/,&01$/(3+S+.$,+,/2/5+#((+&/2/.%/0(+3(/"#$1(.0/(+ %&3+ #(#&3+ h-&+ 3$,+ 2$3-.1(/$,+ 1&0.$35*/E0$,+P(.+1&./%$8+1/&.&.+S+1&.%l.+&.+&3+%&,($33$+%&+3(,$0/&%(%+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+S+%&3+0$.$0/"/&.1$+0$"E#(1/%$) K&$+.$,+#&*-.1("$,8+i&,+0(,-(3+h-&+3(+#/"&(0-"7&+&.+3(+h-&+A(0/$.&,+g./%(,+%&T(+#(1/0/#(+(0E1/2("&.1&+(+3(+,$0/&%(%+0/2/3+,&(+-.(+0-"7&+,$7&+&3%&,($33$+ %&+ 3(+ ,$0/&%(%+ %&+ 3(+ /.^$"(0/5._+ i?&l0(,-(3+1("7/V.+h-&+,&+%&.$"/.&+0-"7&+%&+3(+,$0/&E%(%+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+&.+2&d+%&+0-"7&+%&+3(,+1&0.$E3$*b(,+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+$+3(,+1&3&0$"-./0(0/$.&,_ i!,1$+ (+ h-V+ .$,+ 33&2(_+ A$,$1$,+ 2&"$,+ -.(2(.0&8+ 2&"$,+ 05"$+ 1b"/%("&.1&+ ,&+ #$%-0&.+ -.(,&/&+ %&+ 0$.0&,/$.&,8+ %&+ %&1(33&,8+ %&+ (#-&,1(,8+ %&#3(.1&("/&.1$,8+(.1&,+/"#&.,(73&,m+K&$+(.1&+1$%$2&"$,+ &3+ 2(3$+ h-&+ 0(%(+ -.$+ %&+ .$,$1$,+ 1/&.&+ &.&,1$8+S+3(+/"#$1(.0/(+%&+^$"(+#(1&8+%&+,&+#(1b0/E#&,8+,/.+%-%(8+(#$,1(.%$+#$+-.$+"/,"$+#((+#$%&(#$1(+&.+&3+0$.T-.1$)+ !,+ 0-&,1/5.+ %&+ (-1$&,1/"(8+ %&+ 0&&+ &.+ .-&,1(,0(#(0/%(%&,+S+%&,($33(3(,8+%&+1&.&+3(+^-&d(+S+3(/3-,/5.+%&+1$"(+3(+/./0/(1/2(8+%&+P(0&3(+.-&,1(+S+33&E ;
  • 8. 2(3(+ P(,1(+ &3+ ^/.(3)+ !.+ %&^/./1/2(8+ %&+ &"#$%&(.$,8%&+,&8+%&+#(1/0/#()+ ?&+0$.,0/&.1&,+%&+.-&,1$+0$.$0/"/&.1$+S+0(#(0/E%(%+#((+0("7/(+3(+&(3/%(%+&,+&3+"(S$+#$%&+h-&1&.&"$,+ 3(,+ #&,$.(,)+ ?&+ 0(#(0&,+ %&+ -1/3/d(3$,#((+/..$2(+&,+.-&,1(+&,#$.,(7/3/%(%+S+3$+h-&+.$,%/^&&.0/() !"#$%&()*(+&(#+&,)- .%)*$&(/%)0&1(*&2)(3%)(3%))()*(456)-(.%)*$&*(7&28+86&6)*1(+&(#)&$8,86&6(9(+&(8:&;8<&#8=<- .%)*$&(7)&:8)<$&1(+&($)#<5+5;>&- .%)*$5(:5:)<$5---(759-? !,1("$,+ (.1&+ -.+ (3d("/&.1$+ #&,$.(3+ h-&+ 1(,E0/&.%&+3$+0$"n.8+0(#(d+%&+0$.2&1/,&+&.+0$3&01/2$+S#$#/0/(+ -.+ 0("7/$+ ,$0/(3)+ a&"$,+ 0$.,&*-/%$+ (7/-.+%&7(1&)+YP$(+1n+1/&.&,+3(+#(3(7()+J(+#-&1(+&,1l(7/&1() j$3(.%(+W-&%( K&,/%&.1(+%&+3(+4-.%(0/5.+6/7&2$3-.1(/$,<:
  • 9. =)!)=)>!?<@5A6!BC)?DE@<)<F <GHD><@AG!<C5D <<
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  • 12. .&0&,(/(_+ij 05"$+P(.+2(/(%$+%/0P$,+3b"/1&,+#((h-&+ (P$(+ ,&+ &"#/&0&+ (+ P(0&+ .&0&,(/$+ &3+ -,$+ %&%/0P$+(.*3/0/,"$_ ?I"J&%/# ?/+-.$+&.1(+&.+&3+H#33#4$+"#4 %&+3(+W&(3+Y0(%&"/(%&+3(+J&.*-(+&.+>.1&.&1+S+&,0/7&+&7*4&"+" /."&E%/(1("&.1&+&,+&%//*/%$+(+3(+#(3(7(+(#$%&(8+0$"$,/+V,1(+^-&(+3(+0$&,#$.%&.0/(+0$&01(+(3+&,#(M$3)iK&$+ ,$.+ +*4&"+" S+ &7*4&"+" &(3"&.1&+ ,/.5./E"$,_+J(+%&^/./0/5.+%&+3(+#(3(7(++*4&"+" ,&*n.+&,1&%/00/$.(/$+ &,B+ qK$.&+ (3*$+ &.+ #$%&+ %&+ (3*-/&.+ $%(3&+3(+#$,&,/5.+%&+&33$r)+!,+%&0/8+(#$%&(+,/*./^/0(%(+(-1$/%(%c+*4&"(/4@"& (3*$+$+(3*-/&.)+ ?/.+ &"7(*$+ &"#$%&(+ 1/&.&+ -.+ "(1/d+ %/,1/.1$8,-1/3+S+,/.+&"7(*$+0b1/0$)+=7*4<&"7&$%8+#$+"/+0$E.$0/"/&.1$+%&+3(+3&.*-(+/.*3&,(8+,/*./^/0(+1&.&+3(+0(E#(0/%(%+ %&+ P(0&+ (3*$8+ &,+ %&0/8+ ,&+ 1(1(+ %&+ 1&.&*4&"( *+"+8+ S+ .$+ *4&"( /4@"&)+ j (-.h-&+ &3+ *4&"/4@"&(S+&3+*4&"(*+"+ #-&%(.+&,-31(+&h-/2(3&.1&,+&.(3*-.(,+ $0(,/$.&,8+ &.+ $1(,8+ ,/.+ &"7(*$8+ ,$.+ 0$.E0&#1$,+0$"#3&1("&.1&+%/,1/.1$,+&+/.03-,$+0$.1(/$,)+ !"#$%&(8+&-(*4&"(*+"+8+,-#$.&+h-&+(3*-/&.8+/.E%/2/%-$+$+*-#$8+1/&.&+-.(+,&/&+%&+0(#(0/%(%&,+h-&&.+ #/.0/#/$+ 3&+ #&"/1&.+ (,-"/+ 3(+ &,#$.,(7/3/%(%,$7&+,-+#$#/$+^-1-$)+!3+/.%/2/%-$+$+*-#$+,&+2-&32&(*&.1&8+&,+%&0/+1/&.&+3(+0(#(0/%(%+#((+(^$.1(8+/.E^3-/+ &+ /.03-,$+ /.1&.1(+ *&.&(+ ,-+ ^-1-$+ %&+ (0-&%$0$.+,-+2$3-.1(%+S+(.P&3$,)+j V,1(+&,+$1(+0((01&b,E1/0(+^-.%("&.1(3B+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+&,+-.(+0(#(0/E<F
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  • 15. /.%/2/%-(38+7/&.+%&,0/1(+#$+&3+,$0/53$*$+L(U+f&7&)!,1(+V1/0(+#$1&,1(.1&+,&+"(1&/(3/d(8+&.1&+$1$,+l"E7/1$,8+&.+3$,+#$0&,$,+%&+&3&00/5.+%&+3(,+(-1$/%(%&,#n73/0(,8+ 1(3&,+ 0$"$+ 3$,+ &#&,&.1(.1&,+ #$3b1/0$,8+ &3T-&d8+&3+/:&"#>>8+&3+#(,1$8+&10)+?/.+&"7(*$8+&.+3$,+#(Eb,&,+ %&+ 1(%/0/5.+ 0(153/0(+ &(+ "-0P$+ "l,+ ^&0-&.1&h-&+ ^-&(.+ 3(,+ "/,"(,+ (-1$/%(%&,+ ,-#&/$&,+ 3(,h-&+&3&*b(.+(+,-+2&d+(+3(,+(-1$/%(%&,+/.^&/$&,)+?&#$%b(+#3(.1&(+h-&+&3+#$%&+%&+I/$,+h-&+T-,1/^/0(7($/*/.(3"&.1&+3(+(-1$/%(%+%&3+&S+S+%&3+#(#(+%&,0&.E%b(+(+#(1/+%&+&,1$,+P(,1(+&3+n31/"$+0(*$+#n73/0$)+I&&,1(+"(.&(8+&,1&+#$%&+,-#&/$+&.+#/.0/#/$+%&+0(El01&+ #$2&&%$+ ,&+ $0-#(7(+ %&+ ,$3-0/$.(+ 3$,+ #$E73&"(,+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(8+&%-0/&.%$+3(+.&0&,/%(%+%&&,1$,+ %&+ (,-"/+ -.+ #(#&3+ (01/2$+ S+ &,#$.,(73&)+ K$1$%$+ &33$+ ,&b(+ #$,/73&+ %&%-0/+ h-&+ &.+ 3(+ 1(%/0/5.+ S.((1/2(+ 0-31-(3+ %&+ 3$,+ #(b,&,+ 0(153/0$,+ ,&+ P(b("&.$,+.&0&,(/(+3(+&U/,1&.0/(+%&+1V"/.$,+#((+%&,E0/7/+3(+#(1/0/#(0/5.+2$3-.1(/(+S+&,#$.,(73&+%&+3$,0/-%(%(.$,+&.+3$,+P&0P$,+#n73/0$,+h-&+&.+3$,+#(b,&,#$1&,1(.1&,) C2,$#1)-3.0,1) i!.1$.0&,8+h-V+&,+3$+h-&+P(+0("7/(%$+h-&+(P$(,&+ P(0&+ .&0&,(/$+ &3+ -,$+ %&+ &,1$,+ (.*3/0/,"$,_i65"$+P(+0("7/(%$+&3+"-.%$+#((+h-&+(P$(+%&7(E"$,+/.03-/+&.1&+,-,+3b"/1&,+3(+%&,0/#0/5.+%&+&,1(+(0E1/1-%+(01/2(+S+&,#$.,(73&+#$+#(1&+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(_ g.(+2&d+"l,+&3+3&.*-(T&+.$,+#-&%&+%(+-.(+#/,1()I&,%&+"/+&U#&/&.0/(+%/(/(+#&,$.(3+&,-31(+0-/$,$$7,&2(+h-&+,&(.+#&0/,("&.1&+3(,+#(3(7(,+&7*4? <C
  • 16. <&"7&$%(S++334,$%+@#-#%9 3(,+h-&+0$.+"(S$+^-&d(+1(E 1(.+%&+&.1(+&.+.-&,1$+%/00/$.(/$8+"-0P$+"l,+h-& 34$/%#%,&$39 $+/%+K&:4-&")+6&$+h-&+&,1$+#$%b(+,& %&7/%$+(+h-&+&7*4<&"7&$% S++334,$%+@#-#%9 &.+#(1/0-E 3(+ ,$.+ #(3(7(,+ 0$.+ -.(+ "(S$+ /"#$1(.0/(+ #((+ 3(, (01/2/%(%&,+ #$%-01/2(,+ (01-(3&,+ %&3+ ,&01$+ #/2(%$c "/&.1(,+h-&+34$/%#%,&$39 S+/%+K&:4-&" ,$.+"l,+(#3/E 0(73&,+ (+ l"7/1$,+ #n73/0$,)+ !.+ $1(,+ #(3(7(,8+ #$%b( ,&+h-&+&3+%/.("/,"$+%&3+,&01$+#/2(%$+&.+*&.&(3+S %&+ 3(,+ "-31/.(0/$.(3&,+ (.*35^$.(,+ &.+ #(1/0-3(+ P(S( P&0P$+.&0&,(/(+3(+%&,0/#0/5.+%&+-.(+^$"(+%&+1(7(E T(+h-&+P(,1(+&,1&+"$"&.1$+.$+P(7b(+,/%$+1(.+.&0&,(Eempowerment podría venir de las necesidades /$+%&,0/7/)+g.(+^$"(+%&+1(7(T(+7(,(%(+&.+%&,($Edel sector privado!!!!!!! a ver si el concepto va a 33$,+1&0.$35*/0$,+h-&+#$#/0/(.+"-0P$+"l,+3(+1$"(+%&ser más "responsabilidad" mal entendida y %&0/,/$.&,+%&,0&.1(3/d(%(,+S+&"#$%&(%(,+#$+#(1&recargada a lso de siempre :-( %&+-.+0(%(+2&d+"(S$+.n"&$+%&+1(7(T(%$&,) K$%&"$,+-,(+0$"$+(.(3$*b(+3(,+&%&,+%&+1&3&0$E "-./0(0/$.&,8+h-&+P(.+#(,(%$+%&+&,1(+0$.1$3(%(, #$+ -.(+ 0&.1(3+ h-&+ 1&.b(+ /.^$"(0/5.+ ,$7&+ 1$%(+ 3( W&%+S+&,1(73&0b(+-.(+0$.&U/5.+#-.1$+(+#-.1$8+(3+%&E ,($33$+ %&+ >.1&.&18+ -.(+ &%+ %&+ &%&,+ %$.%&+ 0(%( .$%$+1$"(+%&0/,/$.&,+#-.1-(3&,+&.+^-.0/5.+%&+3(+/.E ^$"(0/5.+%/,#$./73&+&.+,-+&.1$.$+/."&%/(1$)+j #$E %b(+,&+#&0/,("&.1&+&,1(+&,1-01-(+1&0.$35*/0(+h-& ,-,1&.1(+-.+#$0&,$+#$%-01/2$+"l,+%&,0&.1(3/d(%$ S+ h-&+ .&0&,/1(+ (#$2&0P(+ &3+ 0$.$0/"/&.1$+ %&+ 0(%( /.%/2/%-$+ #((+ 0&(+ -.+ "(S$+ 2(3$+ (M(%/%$8+ 3$+ h-& #$%b(+&,1(+%&,($33(.%$+3(+.&0&,/%(%+%&+-.(+(01/E 1-%+"l,+&,#$.,(73&+S+&"#$%&(%(+%&+3$,+1(7(T(%$E &,)+H&(&/%+(7+$&"+(*+/+74/(&(7&"4/("&3,"/4/(:,? 7+$4/A(*+/#14/(9(&*&$#&$%&/(&(-+/(&3#/#4$&/(& -+/(*&"/4$+/(+*4&"++/A(+(>,$+7&$%+"(&-(&/+""4? <D
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  • 32. (.1&,+h-&+(+3$,+*$7/&.$,+S+3(,+&"#&,(,)+K$+&33$+&,%&1&"/.(.1&+05"$+,&+%&,($33&+&.+(%&3(.1&+3(+3&*/,E3(0/5.+0$.+&3(0/5.+(+3(+1&0.$3$*b(+S+(+3(+/..$2(0/5.)A$,+&.0$.1("$,+(.1&+-.+"$"&.1$+0b1/0$+#((+&3+^-E1-$+ %&,($33$+ %&+ -.(+ f&7+ 9):+ h-&+ #&"/1(+ -.("(S$+#(1/0/#(0/5.+%&3+-,-(/$8+%&,1/.(%(+(+/"#-3,(3(+1(,#(&.0/(+%&"$0l1/0() a(,1(+&3+"$"&.1$8+3(+f&7+9):+P(+#&"/1/%$+-.(+0$E&00/5.+&.+&3+&h-/3/7/$+%&+^-&d(,+&.1&+3$,+%/^&&.E1&,+#$%&&,+S+3$,+0/-%(%(.$,+&.+-.(+,$0/&%(%+&.+3(h-&+&3+#$%&+S+0$.1$3+,&+P(.+%/,1/7-/%$+1(%/0/$.(3E"&.1&+%&+^$"(+(,/"V1/0()+!3+q&./h-&0/"/&.1$r+%&3(+0/-%(%(.b(+(+1(2V,+%&+3(+/..$2(0/5.+&h-/&&+-.$,0/-%(%(.$,+ ^$"(%$,+ S+ #$+ &,$8+ &,+ &h-/,/1$+ ^-.%(E"&.1(3+ -.(+ (01/1-%+ #$,/1/2(8+ (7/&1(+ S+ 0$"#$"&1/%(#$+#(1&+%&+3$,+0/-%(%(.$,+(.1&+3(,+.-&2(,+1&0.$3$E*b(,8+#$0&,$+S+(#&.%/d(T&+h-&+%&7&+%(,&+&.+1$%$,3$,+l"7/1$,+%&+3(+,$0/&%(%)+ K$+$1(+#(1&8+3(,+.-&2(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+.$,+0$.%-E0&.+(+-.(+,$0/&%(%+1(.,#(&.1&+&.+3(+h-&+0$.0&#1$,0$"$+#/2(0/%(%8+0$.1$38+,&*-/%(%8+&10)8+,&+%&,%/7-ET(.)+J(+/.^$"(0/5.+h-&+$^&0&"$,+%&+^$"(+(7/&1(+S%&+ 3(+ h-&+ #-&%&.+ %/,#$.&+ &"#&,(,8+ *$7/&.$,8&%&,+ ,$0/(3&,8+ &10)8+ .$,+ P(0&+ &,1(+ #$1&.0/(3"&.1&/.%&^&.,$,+ ^&.1&+ (3+ 0$.1$3+ h-&+ 1&0&$,+ #-&%(.P(0&)+!,+#$+&33$+h-&+3(+/..$2(0/5.+1&0.$35*/0(+1/&.&h-&+/+(0$"#(M(%(+%&+-.+"(0$+3&*(3+&.0("/.(%$+(h-&+&3+0/-%(%(.$+#-&%(+&T&0&+&3+%&&0P$+(+,-+/.1/E"/%(%+S+#/2(0/%(%)+ K$+1$%$+&33$8+"l,+(33l+%&+3$,+(2(.0&,+S+&3+%&,3-"E7("/&.1$+h-&+1$%$,+,-^/"$,+0$.+3(,+.$2&%(%&,+1&0E `H
  • 33. .$35*/0(,8+%&7&"$,+&.^&.1(.$,+(+3(+.-&2(+&(3/%(%%/*/1(3+0$.+-.(+2/,/5.+0b1/0(+#((+0$"#&.%&+&.+1$%(,-+&U1&.,/5.+3(,+0$.,&0-&.0/(,+&+/"#3/0(0/$.&,+h-&0$.33&2(.)+ g.(+ 2/,/5.+ 0b1/0(+ #&$+ 0$.,1-01/2(+ h-&33&2&+ 0$.,/*$+ -.(+ (01/1-%+ /..$2(%$(+ 0-S$+ $7T&1/2$#/$/1(/$+,&(+&3+&7*4&"+7#&$%4(&(-+(3#,++$6+(#?5#%+-;(`G
  • 34. 6*+&*&+,#$,7,#((,-(1 #&1$*(1>%$/)6,+&# T$%&"$&%( &/%F( &14-,3#4$+$4( &( >4"7+( 1&"%#5#?L/./,1&/$+%& $4/+( 9A( &$( &/%+( &14-,3#8$A( -+( *+"%#3#*+3#8$ >.%-,1/(8 I,&5+( ,$( *+*&-( >,$+7&$%+-J( &( -+( *+/#1#+ X-/,"$+S 3474( 34$/,7#4"&/( &( 34$%&$#4/( #5#%+-&/6$"&0/$+%& !,#(M( &(-+(N&@(Z;_(:&74/(*+/+4(+(,$+(*+"%#3#*+? 3#8$(+3%#1+(&$(-+(5&$&"+3#8$(&(#3:4/(34$%&? $#4/( &$( -+( N&@( `;_;( !&"4( &-( >,%,"4A( -+( N&@ a;_A(*+/+(*4"(-+(34-+@4"+3#8$(&$(-+(5&$&"+3#8$ &(#3:4/(34$%&$#4/A(%&$#&$4(%44/(-4/(+3? %4"&/( /43#+-&/( !E7#$#/%"+3#8$( *M@-#3+A( &7? *"&/+/A( &$%#+&/( +/43#+%#1+/( 9( /43#&+ 3#1#-! ,$(*+*&-(B,&(&/&7*&D+"; >.1&.&1+&,+P$S+&.+%b(+&3+#/.0/#(3+"&%/$+%&+/.1&E 0("7/$+%&+/.^$"(0/5.+S+&,1l+^(0/3/1(.%$+(+3(+,$0/&%(% 3$,+ "&0(./,"$,+ #((+ 0&(+ .-&2(,+ ^$"(,+ &3(0/5. ,$0/(38+ #$3b1/0(+ S+ &0$.5"/0()+ I&,%&+ ,-+ .(0/"/&.1$ P(0&+F:+(M$,+P(+0("7/(%$8+,/.+%-%(8+.-&,1$+/1"$+S Pl7/1$,+ %&+ 2/%(8+ (,b+ 0$"$+ .-&,1(+ ^$"(+ %&+ &3(0/$E .(.$,+ ,$0/(3"&.1&8+ 0$.2/1/V.%$,&+ &.+ #(1&+ ^-.%(E "&.1(3+ %&+ .-&,1(,+ 2/%(,)+ !3+ /1"$+ &2$3-1/2$+ 2&1/*/E .$,$+h-&+P(+&U#&/"&.1(%$+3(+W&%8+%&7/%$+#/.0/#(3E "&.1&+ (+ -.+ /"#$1(.1&+ 0("7/$+ &.+ 3$,+ #(1$.&,+ %& -,$8+ P(+ %&T(%$+ $7,$3&1$,+ 3$,+ #$1$0$3$,+ &.+ 3$,+ h-& &,1l+7(,(%$) `C
  • 35. !,1(+l#/%(+&2$3-0/5.+&,+&3+&,-31(%$+%&+-.+/"#(E(73&+%&,($33$+%&+3(,+.-&2(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+S+3(,+0&E0/&.1&,+%&"(.%(,8+h-&+T-.1$+0$.+3(,+3/"/1(0/$.&,+1&0E.$35*/0(,+S+$#&(0/$.(3&,+h-&+#&,&.1(+>.1&.&1+P$S&.+%b(+Q,&*-/%(%8+&,0(3(7/3/%(%8+"$2/3/%(%8+^/(7/3/%(%8&^/0/&.0/(+ $+ 0(#(0/%(%+ %&+ *&,1/5.R8+ &h-/&&+ &3+ .(0/E"/&.1$+ %&+ -.+ .-&2$+ >.1&.&1+ h-&+ S(+ &,+ 0$.$0/%$0$"$+q>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$r)+!,+&3+"$"&.1$+%&+#&.E,(+&.+-.(+.-&2(+W&%+#((+(,&*-(+S+,$,1&.&+-.(&0$.$"b(+7(,(%(+&.+&3+0$.$0/"/&.1$+S+-.(+^-1-(+,$E0/&%(%+/.1&0$.&01(%() >.1&.&1+,&+P(+/%$+(%(#1(.%$+(+3(,+.&0&,/%(%&,+%&3$,+-,-(/$,8+#(,(.%$+#$+%/^&&.1&,+&1(#(,)+J(+f&7<):+,&+0((01&/d(7(+#$+&3+0$.,-"$+"(,/2$+%&+/.^$E"(0/5.c+#$.1$8+&3+P&0P$+%&+0$.,-"/+0$.1&./%$,+.$^-&+ ,-^/0/&.1&)+ !3+ ,/*-/&.1&+ #(,$+ ^-&+ 3(+ f&7+ 9):8+ 0(E(01&/dl.%$,&+ #$+ 3(+ .&0&,/%(%+ %&+ 3$,+ -,-(/$,+ (0$.1/7-/+S+*&.&(+,-,+#$#/$,+0$.1&./%$,)+J$,+"lEU/"$,+ &U#$.&.1&,+ #-&%&.+ ,&+ #l*/.(,+ 0$"$j$-X-7&8+ 3$,+ 73$*,+ S+ 3(,+ &%&,+ ,$0/(3&,)+ J$,+ &1$,h-&+ #3(.1&(+ &3+ ^-1-$+ &"#/&d(.+ (+ %&T(+ $7,$3&1(+ 3(f&7+9):+S+&,1l.+%(.%$+#(,$+(+3(+f&7+`):8+0-S(+0(E(01&b,1/0(+^-.%("&.1(3+,&l+3(+q0$E0&(0/5.r+$+#$E%-00/5.+ 0$3(7$(1/2(+ &.1&+ -,-(/$,+ S+ (2(.0&,+ 1(3&,0$"$+3(+f&7+,&"l.1/0() !,1(+ 1&0&(+ &1(#(+ P(+ ,/%$+ 1(1(%(+ ("#3/("&.1&#$+&3+,$0/53$*$+L(.-&3+6(,1&33,8+h-&+3(+%&^/.&+0$"$3(+?$0/&%(%+>.^$"(0/$.(3)+!,1&+0$.0&#1$+P(0&+&^&E&.0/(+ (+ 3(+ .-&2(+ ^$"(+ %&+ $*(./d(.$,+ &,#(0/(3+ S,$0/(3"&.1&)+ Y%&"l,+ (%h-/&&+ *(.+ /"#$1(.0/(%&,%&+&3+#-.1$+%&+2/,1(+%&3+%&,($33$+&0$.5"/0$8+S(`D
  • 36. h-&+3$+h-&+#&"/1&+%/,1/.*-/+(+3(,+&0$.$"b(,+(2(.Ed(%(,+%&+(h-&33(,+&"&*&.1&,+$+&.+%&,($33$+&,+&3-,$8+ 0$.+ "(S$+ $+ "&.$+ /.1&.,/%(%8+ %&+ 3(,+ 1&0.$3$E*b(,+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+S+3(+0$"-./0(0/5.) A$+$7,1(.1&8+.$+&,+0(,-(3/%(%+h-&+h-/&.&,+1-2/&$.-.(+#(1/0/#(0/5.+(01/2(+&.+&3+#(,(%$+&.+&3+%&,($33$%&+>.1&.&1+S+%&+3(,+.-&2(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+,&(.+P$S+3(,,$0/&%(%&,+"l,+(2(.d(%(,)+o-&%(+%&"$,1(%(+(,b+3(0$&3(0/5.+&.1&+,$0/&%(%+(01/2(+S+#$*&,$) K$+ 3$+ 1(.1$8+ &3+ .-&2$+ >.1&.&1+ h-&+ &,1("$,+ 0&E(.%$+ %&7&b(+ ,-#&(+ ,-,+ 3/"/1(0/$.&,+ $^&0/&.%$+ (3$,+-,-(/$,+-.+("7/&.1&+,&*-$8+&^/0/&.1&8+^/(73&+S+%&0$.^/(.d(8+h-&+%&7&b(+#&"/1/+-.+(00&,$+(7/&1$8+%/E.l"/0$+S+%&,0&.1(3/d(%$+(+3(+W&%8+(3+"/,"$+1/&"#$h-&+%&7&b(+,&+&,0(3(73&8+^3&U/73&+S+(%(#1(%$+(3+0$.E1&U1$+S+.&0&,/%(%&,+%&+3$,+-,-(/$,) !,1(+0$.0&#0/5.+P(+,-#-&,1$+-.+0("7/$+&,&.0/(38>.1&.&1+P(+%&T(%$+%&+,&+-.+/.,1-"&.1$+1&0.$35*/0$8(,#&01$+h-&+#/"(7(+03(("&.1&+&.+,-,+/./0/$,+#((8#$0$+ (+ #$0$8+ 0&%&+ /"#$1(.0/(+ (+ $1$,+ (,#&01$,0$"$+ 3(+ 0$"-./0(0/5.8+ 3(+ 1(,"/,/5.+ %&+ /.^$"(0/5.&.1&+ #&,$.(,+ S+ 3$,+ "&0(./,"$,+ %&+ /.1&(00/5.)6-(.%$+ P(73("$,+ %&+ >.1&.&1+ #$+ S+ #((+ 3(,+ #&,$E.(,8+-.$+%&+3$,+0-(1$+#/3(&,+%&+>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$8P(73("$,+%&+&,1$+n31/"$8+%&+3(+/.1&(00/5.+&.1&+#&E,$.(,+S+%&+05"$+(0(7(+0$.+3(+7&0P(+%/*/1(3+S+0$.E,&*-/+ 0$.&01(+ (+ 1$%(+ 3(+ #$73(0/5.)+ >.1&.&1+ %&34-1-$+%&7&l+,&+0(#(d+%&+,(1/,^(0&+3(,+.&0&,/%(E%&,+S+&U#&01(1/2(,+%&+.-&2$,+S+(.1/*-$,+-,-(/$,+%&>.1&.&1+ (3+ "/,"$+ 1/&"#$+ h-&+ /"#-3,(+ &3+ &"#$%&(E"/&.1$+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(8+#&,&2(.%$+,-+(-1$0$.1$3 `;
  • 37. ,$7&+,-,+(01/2/%(%&,+&.+3(+W&%+S+,$,1&./&.%$+&3+3/7&/.1&0("7/$+%&+/%&(,)+ !3+>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$+%&7&b(+,&+1("7/V.+&3+"&%/$#((+^(0/3/1(+3(+2/%(+0$1/%/(.(+%&+3(,+#&,$.(,8+#&"/E1/+3(+0&(0/5.+%&+0-(3h-/&+1/#$+%&+.&*$0/$+S+$"#&3(,+7(&(,+&.1&+3$,+#$%-01$&,+S+0$.,-"/%$&,+%&/.^$"(0/5.)+J(,+#&,$.(,+S(+.$+,&l.+,$3$+,/"#3&,0$.,-"/%$&,+,/.$+h-&+,&l.+#(1&+%&3+#$0&,$+0&(E1/2$+%&+0$.1&./%$,) I&+P&0P$8+3(+0&(0/5.+%&+0$.1&./%$+S(+.$+&h-/&&%&+ &U#&/&.0/(+ #$^&,/$.(3+ S+ ,-+ %/,1/7-0/5.+ P(+ ,/%$&.$"&"&.1&+ ^(0/3/1(%(+ #$+ -.(+ 2(/&%(%+ %&+ P&(E"/&.1(,+h-&+#&"/1&.+(+3$,+-,-(/$,+0&(+0$.1&./%$,%&+ (31(+ 0(3/%(%+ &.+ #$0$,+ "/.-1$,+ S+ 0(,/+ ,/.+ 0$,1&,)z-.1$+0$.+3(,+&%&,+,$0/(3&,8+h-&+#&"/1&.+&,1(73&0&S+ "(.1&.&+ 0$.1(01$,+ &.1&+ #&,$.(,+ "l,+ (33l+ %&0-(3h-/&+^$.1&(8+,&+$^&0&+(+3(+,$0/&%(%+-.+./2&3+%&/.1&(01/2/%(%+,/.+#&0&%&.1&,) !,1(+ 1&.%&.0/(+ 0$"7/.(%(+ 0$.+ 3(+ &2$3-0/5.+ %&+ 3(f&7+P(+/.%-0/%$+-.+.-&2$+^&.5"&.$B+3(+^$"(0/5.+%&0$"-./%(%&,+2/1-(3&,+S+&3+(00&,$+(+,-+0$.$0/"/&.1$h-&+ #&"/1&+ (+ 3$,+ -,-(/$,+ 0$.2&1/,&+ &.+ #(1&+ %&30/03$+%&+2/%(+%&+%&,($33$+%&+(#3/0(0/$.&,)+Y,b8+&.+3(f&7+`):+3(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+,&"l.1/0(,+,&l.+&,&.0/(3&,#$h-&+3(+&0$#/3(0/5.8+#$0&,(%$+S+#&,&.1(0/5.+%&/.^$"(0/5.+,$.+$73/*(1$/$,+,/+h-&&"$,+,&+0(#(0&,%&+*&,1/$.(+S+7&.&^/0/(.$,+%&+1(3+0(.1/%(%+%&+/.^$E"(0/5.+(P$(+S+&.+&3+^-1-$) X$%(2b(+.$,+h-&%(+0("/.$+#$+&0$&)+!.1&+3(,(01/2/%(%&,+ &^&/%(,+ (+ /.0&"&.1(+ &3+ 0$.$0/"/&.1$%&+3$,+-,-(/$,8+3(+"(S$+l&(+%&+/.2&,1/*(0/5.+&,+3(F:
  • 38. &3(0/$.(%(+0$.+&3+(#&.%/d(T&+%&+,-,+Pl7/1$,+S+.&0&E,/%(%&,+#((+-.+"&T$+%/,&M$+%&+3(,+^-1-(,+(#3/0(0/$E.&,8+/.1&^(0&,+S+,&2/0/$,+"/&.1(,+3$,+-,-(/$,+"(.E1/&.&.+&3+0$.1$3) ?/.+&.1(+&.+"l,+%&1(33&8+#(&0&+03($+h-&+&3+%&E,($33$+%&+>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$+&,+&3+*(.+&1$+%&+3(,&"#&,(,+X>6+ &,#(M$3(,+ S+ &-$#&(,+ #((+ 3$,+ #5U/E"$,+ (M$,+ S+ .-&,1(+ $#$1-./%(%+ %&+ %(+ &3+ &3&2$+ (!!)gg)+&.+,-+3/%&(d*$+&.+&,1(+l&() J(+"&T$+^$"(+%&+(%&3(.1(.$,+(3+^-1-$+&,+#(1/E0/#(+&.+,-+0$.,1-00/5.)+K((+&33$+&,+.&0&,(/$+&3+3/E%&(d*$+%&+3(,+(%"/./,1(0/$.&,+#n73/0(,+S+3(+0$3(7$E(0/5.+ %&+ 1$%$,+ 3$,+ (*&.1&,+ /"#3/0(%$,B+ 3(+ /.%-,1/(X>68+3(,+$*(./d(0/$.&,+,$0/(3&,+S+&"#&,(/(3&,+S+3(,$0/&%(%+0/2/3) F<
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  • 59. &3+ #-.1$+ %&+ 2/,1(+ %&+ 3(,+ $*(./d(0/$.&,+ 0/-%(%(.(,8%$.%&+&3+$7T&1/2$+&,+0$.,1-/+"l,+S+"&T$+0$.+3(+0$E3(7$(0/5.+%&3+"lU/"$+#$,/73&+%&+(*&.1&,8+3(,+3/0&.E0/(,+ 3/7&,+ ,&+ #&^/3(.8+ #l01/0("&.1&8+ 0$"$+ 3(+ n./0($#0/5.8+ 1(.1$+ &,1(1V*/0(+ ~#$+ 3$,+ "$1/2$,+ h-&+ 2&./E"$,+(#-.1(.%$~ 0$"$+"$(38+%(%(+3(+.(1-(3&d(+%&3(+$*(./d(0/5.+S8+,$7&+1$%$8+%(%(+3(+.(1-(3&d(+%&+3(#$0&%&.0/(+ %&+ ,-,+ #/.0/#(3&,+ ^-&.1&,+ %&+ ^/.(.0/(E0/5.B+3(+,$0/&%(%+0/2/3+S+3(+Y%"/./,1(0/5.+#n73/0() K$+$1(+#(1&8+,&+P(0&+.&0&,(/$+&03("(+(+.-&,E1$,+*$7/&.$,+h-&+#$.*(.+(+3/7&+%/,#$,/0/5.+%&3+0/-E%(%(.$+ 3(+ /.^$"(0/5.+ %&+ .(1-(3&d(+ #n73/0(+ ~S+ .$0$.^/%&.0/(3~)+j .$+,$3("&.1&+h-&+3(+#-73/h-&.8+,/.$h-&+3$+P(*(.+%&+^$"(+h-&+3&*(3+S+1&0.$35*/0("&.1&,&(+^l0/3+%&+&0-#&(8+1(.,^$"(+S+%/,1/7-/) H+,1,"&% J(+#$3/^&(0/5.+%&+0$.1&./%$,+3/7&,+&,+-.(+/."&ET$(73&+#(3(.0(+#((+-.+"&T$+#$,/0/$.("/&.1$+&.+3(&%8+,&(+1$"(%(+V,1(+&.+,&.1/%$+^/*-(%$8+,&(+1$"(%(V,1(+ &.+ ,&.1/%$+ &,1/01$8+ &.+ "(Sn,0-3(,8+ 3(+ W&%B>.1&.&1)+J(+#-73/0(0/5.+%&+3$,+0$.1&./%$,8+%&+3$,+#$E0&%/"/&.1$,8+%&+/.^$"&,8+%&+&,7$d$,+%&+#$S&01$,8&10)8+#$,/0/$.(+(+3$,+0/-%(%(.$,+&.+&3+3-*(+&.+&3+h-&%&7&.+,/&"#&+&,1(B+(+3(+2/,1()+J(,+&%&,+S+&3+1(7(T$&.+ &%8+ 3(+ &,#$.,(7/3/%(%+ ,$0/(3+ S+ 3(+ &.%/0/5.+ %&0-&.1(,8+ 3(+ 1(.,#(&.0/(8+ 3(+ ,&.,/7/3/d(0/5.+ &,1(l.7(,(%(,+ &.+ 3(+ f&7+ $8+ &.+ &3+ "l,+ "$%&,1$+ %&+ 3$,0(,$,8+ $/*/.(,&+ &.+ 3(+ f&7)+ ?$3("&.1&8+ #-&,8+ 0$.-.(+0$.1/7-0/5.+(7/&1(8+#n73/0(+&.+>.1&.&1+3(,+#&E G`
  • 60. ,$.(,+S+3(,+$*(./d(0/$.&,+#$%l.+"(.1&.&+3(+0$P&E&.0/(+&.1&+,-,+#/.0/#/$,+S+,-,+(01$,) H%+0&*%&(")&2/%/%"% !3+ #$%&+ 0&0/&.1&+ %&+ 3$,+ "&%/$,8+ %&+ >.1&.&1+ #$&.0/"(+%&+1$%$8+%&+3(+6+&.+&3+(05./"$+X>68+0("7/(1$1(3"&.1&+ &3+ #(.$("(+ 0$"-./0(1/2$+ S+ 0$$#&(1/2$)?/+(.1&,+P(73l7("$,+%&+3(+/"#$1(.0/(+%&+3(+#&,&.E0/(+&.+3(+&%8+1$%(2b(+3(+1/&.&+"l,+1&.&+-.(+#&,&.E0/(+ (01/2(+ &.+ 3$,+ "&%/$,+ %&+ 0$"-./0(0/5.8+ &.+ 3(6$"-./0(0/5.8+0$.+"(Sn,0-3(,) K$0$+(+#$0$+3$,+*(.%&,+1&"(,+,&+%//"&.+S+d(.ET(.+ &.+ &3+ l"7/1$+ 0$"-./0(1/2$8+ 1(.1$+ &.+ &3+ 0-(1$0$"$+&.+&3+~,&*n.+(3*-.$,+(-1$&,+P(.+1&./%$+(+7/&.33("(3&~ h-/.1$+ #$%&B+ 3$,+ 73$*,8+ 3$,+ &,#(0/$,+ #((0$"#(1/+2/%&$,+S+^$1$*(^b(,+#$+#(1&+%&+3$,+0/-%(E%(.$,8+&10)+J(+,&.,/7/3/d(0/5.8+&3+#$%&+#((+"$2/3/d((+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+#((+h-&+P(*(.+#&,/5.+1(.1$+(+./2&33$0(3+0$"$+/.1&.(0/$.(38+3(+%&"(.%(+#$+-.(+"(S$1(.,#(&.0/(+S+&3+&.%/"/&.1$+%&+0-&.1(,+(+3$,+#$%&E&,+#n73/0$,+&,+-.+0&0/&.1&+1&&.$+%&+#(1/0/#(0/5.%$.%&+3$,+0/-%(%(.$,+%&7&.+1&.&+-.+#$1(*$./,"$"l,+h-&+%&,1(0(%$) H%+0&*%&("),")-%)@,/ J(+0/-%(%(.b(+%&7&+0$.,&*-/+.$+,$3$+"$2/3/d(,&#-.1-(3"&.1&8+,/.$+&.$3(,&+&.+#$*("(,+S+#$S&0E1$,+(+"&%/$+S+3(*$+#3(d$8+0$.+&,$+P(7l+"-0P$+*(E.(%$)+U+/($,&1+/(%&3$4-456+/(*&"7#%&$(&C*-4"+"($,&?1+/( 16+/( &( 34-+@4"+3#8$( $,$3+( +$%&/( /4D++/( *4"GF
  • 61. -+/(4"5+$#.+3#4$&/(9(7,3:4(7&$4/(*4"(-+/(*&"/4$+/+( %6%,-4( #$#1#,+-)+ K$+ -.(+ #(1&8+ #&"/1&+ &0-#&(#((+3(,+0(-,(,+(+0$3(7$(%$&,+#$1&.0/(3&,+h-&8+#$%/,1/.1$,+ "$1/2$,+ ~^("/3/(&,8+ #$^&,/$.(3&,m~ P(E7b(.+h-&%(%$+&U03-/%$,+%&+3(+(00/5.+0/-%(%(.()+K$$1(+#(1&8+#&"/1&+(30(.d(+(+0$3(7$(%$&,+&U#&1$,S+^$"(%$,+h-&+#$%l+/.2$3-0(,&+&.+1(&(,+/.1&.,/E2(,+&.+0$.$0/"/&.1$8+3(+#/&%(+(.*-3(+%&+&,1(+.-&2(?$0/&%(%+%&+3(+>.^$"(0/5.) Y%&"l,8+ %(%(+ 3(+ 2/1-(3/%(%8+ #&"/1&+ -.(+ (00/5.0/-%(%(.(+(31("&.1&+%/,1/7-/%(8+1(.1$+1&/1$/(3+0$"$1&"#$(3"&.1&8+ (,b+ 0$"$+ 0$.+ -.+ &3&2(%b,/"$+ *(%$%&+*(.-3(/%(%+&.+,-+0$"#$"/,$8+3$+h-&+.$,+#-&%&#&"/1/8+(+,-+2&d8+-.(+*(.+^3&U/7/3/%(%+&.+,-,+0$3(7$E(0/$.&,) F%)F%+I%)6#-% J(+J(*(+6$3(+,&+&^/&&+(+1$%$,+3$,+/.1&&,&,+"/E.$/1(/$,+h-&8+0$"$+1(3&,8+.$+0&.1(.+3(+(1&.0/5.+%&3(,+ *(.%&,+ $*(./d(0/$.&,8+ S(+ h-&+ ,-+ (1$"/d(0/5.P(0&+%/^b0/3+-.(+(01-(0/5.+&^/0(d+S+&^/0/&.1&+#((+0$.&33(,) ?/.+ &"7(*$8+ 3$,+ 7(Tb,/"$,+ 0$,1&,+ %&+ 3(+ /.^$"(E0/5.+S+%&+%/^-.%/3(+l#/%("&.1&+ ~#$1&.0/(%$+#$+3(,(#3/0(0/$.&,+ f&7+ 9):~ P(0&.+ h-&+ &,(+ J(*(+ 6$3(#-&%(+ ,&+ .-&2("&.1&+ &3&2(.1&8+ S(+ h-&8+ %&+ ^$"((*&*(%(8+,b+&,+,/*./^/0(1/2()+ GH
  • 62. GG
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  • 64. I&+&,1&+"$%$8+>..$2(0/5.+S+W/&,*$+S+3$,+2(3$&,+$#/.0/#/$,+ h-&+ 3$,+ P(0&.+ #$,/73&8+ >./0/(1/2(8Y-1$.$"b(+S+W&,#$.,(7/3/%(%8+,$.+3(,+P&("/&.1(,83$,+&0-,$,+^-.%("&.1(3&,+0$.+h-&+P(S+h-&+%$1(+(3$,+ 0/-%(%(.$,+ #((+ 3$*(+ ,-+ #$1&.0/(3+ "lU/"$+ %&#(1/0/#(0/5.+S+(01-(0/5.) !.+%&^/./1/2(8+,&+1(1(+%&+*&.&(+-.+0("7/$+0-31-E(38+ -.(+ $/&.1(0/5.+ 0$3&01/2(+ P(0/(+ 3(+ 0&(1/2/%(%8P(0/(+-.(+(01/1-%+#$(01/2(8+S+(+3(+(,-.0/5.+%&3+/&,*$.&0&,(/$+#((+*((.1/d(+&3+VU/1$)+?53$+-.(+,$0/&%(%h-&+(/&,*(8+h-&+0&(+&+/.2&.1(+S+h-&+,/&.1&+3(+0-/$E,/%(%+%&+#$.&+&.+"(0P(+,-+/.2&.0/5.+(2(.d() !,1&+#$0&,$+1("7/V.+,&+%(+%&,%&+-.(+#&,#&01/2(0b2/0(8+ 0$"-./1(/()+ X("7/V.+ &.+ 3(,+ (01/2/%(%&,+ %&#(1/0/#(0/5.+ 0/-%(%(.(+ ,&+ %(.+ (01/2/%(%&,+ %&+ &"E#&.%/"/&.1$8+S+3(+35*/0(+S+&3+"(0$+&.+h-&+,&+#$%-E0&.+ 1/&.&.+ -.(+ ,&/&+ %&+ 0((01&b,1/0(,+ &,#&0b^/0(,h-&+"&&0&+3(+#&.(+(.(3/d(+0$.+&3+^/.+%&+#$1&.0/(+,-&^&01$+*&.&(%$+%&+&U1&.(3/%(%&,+#$,/1/2(,) <.*+,"/.,"0#)1#&%- J3("("$,+ &"#&.%/"/&.1$+ ,$0/(3+ (+ 3(+ (#3/0(0/5.%&+,$3-0/$.&,+#l01/0(,+(+#$73&"(,+,$0/(3&,+0$"7/E.(.%$+ /..$2(0/5.8+ 0(#1(0/5.+ %&+ ^$.%$,+ S+ $#$1-./E%(%)+6$"$+1$%$+#$0&,$+%&+&"#&.%/"/&.1$8+,-+$/E*&.+%&7&+&,1(+&.+3(+/%&.1/^/0(0/5.+%&+-.(+.&0&,/%(%/.,(1/,^&0P(8+&.+&,1&+0(,$+%&+-.(+.&0&,/%(%+,$0/(3+/.E,(1/,^&0P(8+ $+ %&^/0/&.1&"&.1&+ ,(1/,^&0P(+ #$+ &3+ "&E0(%$+$+#$+&3+,&01$+#n73/0$)GD
  • 65. !.+3(+(01/2/%(%+&"#&.%&%$(+0$.2&.0/$.(38+"&E0(.1/38+&3+&"#&.%&%$+%&1&01(+-.(+.&0&,/%(%+/.,(1/,E^&0P(+&.+-.+*-#$+%&+0$.,-"/%$&,+h-&+&,1(b(.+%/,E#-&,1$,+ (+ #(*(+ #$+ $71&.&+ 3(+ -1/3/%(%+ h-&+ 3&,+ #$E#$0/$.(b(+ ,(1/,^(0&3()+ !3+ &"#&.%&%$8+ 1(,+ 0$"E#$7(+h-&+,&+1(1(+%&+-.+.n"&$+,-^/0/&.1&+%&+0$.E,-"/%$&,+/.,(1/,^&0P$,+S+h-&+,-+%&"(.%(+&,+1V0./E0("&.1&+2/(73&8+,&+%(+0-&.1(+%&+h-&+&U/,1&+-.(+$#$E1-./%(%+S+&,1-%/(+&.+-.+#3(.+%&+.&*$0/$+3(+2/(7/3/%(%%&+0&(+-.(+&"#&,(+#((+(#$2&0P(3()+6$.+%/0P$#3(.+#$%l+0$.2&.0&+(+h-/&.+#$,&&+3$,+&0-,$,+%&h-&+&,+&.1(73&+%&,1/.(3$,+(+&,1&+.&*$0/$+#$h-&+3$,&1$.$,+ &,#&(%$,+ &1/7-/l.+ 0$.2&./&.1&"&.1&+ (30(#/1(3+/.2&1/%$) ?/.+&"7(*$8+&3+&"#&.%/"/&.1$+,$0/(38+&.+3(+"(ES$b(+%&+3(,+$0(,/$.&,8+.$+,&+/*&+#$+&,1(+35*/0(8+./3(,+&3(0/$.&,+0$.+3$,+%/^&&.1&,+(*&.1&,+h-&+/.1&2/&E.&.+&.+,-+(01/2/%(%+,$.+1(.+03(("&.1&+&0b#$0(,+S7/%/&00/$.(3&,) !,+ "l,8+ &.+ &3+ &"#&.%/"/&.1$+ ,$0/(3+ &h-&/b(80$"$+&h-/,/1$+#&2/$8+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$8+&.+#/"&3-*(8+ %&+ (h-&33$,+ h-&+ 1/&.&.+ .&0&,/%(%&,+ ,$0/(3&,/.,(1/,^&0P(,8+ #((+ #$%&+ %&"(.%(3(,+ S+ *&.&(+ 3(/.h-/&1-%+ %&+ &,$32&3(,c+ &.+ ,&*-.%$+ 3-*(8+ 0(7b(&"#$%&(+(+h-/V.&,+#-&%&.+1&.&+3(,+/%&(,+S+3(,+0(E#(0/%(%&,+#((+&,$32&+%&+-.(+^$"(+0&(1/2(+&+/..$E2(%$(+%/0P(,+.&0&,/%(%&,+S8+&.+1&0&+S+n31/"$+3-*(8(+ h-/&.&,+ P(.+ %&+ (#$1(+ 3$,+ &0-,$,+ .&0&,(/$,#((+&33$,8+#((+h-&+0$.$d0(.+&3+#$%&+h-&+1&.%b(+,-(#$1(0/5.8+,-+0(#(0/%(%+&+/.2&,/5.+,$0/(3) G;
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  • 101. 6V%--,"I,1)12++#2"/"I),=I#$,+"%"&,) !"Y "(T$+0P(33&.*&+/.+1P&+&.1/&+#$0&,,+$^+&E*$E2&.(.0&+ /,+ ^/.%/.*+ (##$#/(1&+ 0$.1&.1+ (00&,,/73&1P$-*P+ ,&2/0&+ %&3/2&S+ #$/.1,)+ XP&$S+ P(,+ ^/*-&%$-1+1P(1+$.3/.&+&(3+1/"&+%&3/2&S+$^+,&2/0&,+]/33+-,P&/.+1(.,#(&.0S+(.%+,(2&+0$,1,)+XP&+h-&,1/$.+]P/0P+("(T$/1S+ $^+ 1P&$/,1,+ (.%+ #(01/1/$.&,+ (&+ *(##3/.*]/1P+ /,+ ]P(1+ /,+ 1P/,+ 0$.1&.1+ ]P/0P+ ]/33+ 7&+ #$2/%&%1P$-*P+ &E*$2&.(.0&)+ XP/,+ $.&+ h-&,1/$.+ P$3%,+ 1P&^-1-&+1$+&E*$2&.(.0&+#$T&01,) !"Y h-&,1/$.+]P/0P+/,+(/,&%+1/"&+(.%+(*(/.+/,+1P(1$^+,-,1(/.(7/3/1S+‚7$1P+,$0/(3+(.%+^/.(.0/(3‚)+fP/3&+$.&P(,+ .$+ %$-71+ 1P(1+ ^/.(.0/(3+ ,-,1(/.(7/3/1S+ $^+ &E*$2&E.(.0&+ #$T&01,8+ 1P&+ h-&,1/$.+ ]P/0P+ P(,+ 7&&.+ (,O&%7S+"(.S+%&2&3$#"&.1+#(01/1/$.&,+‚]/33+1P&+-,P+^$^/.(.0/(3+,-,1(/.(7/3/1S+0$"&+(1+1P&+&U#&.,&+$^+1P&+,$E0/(3+(*&.%(+]P/0P+&E*$2&.(.0&+P(,+7&&.+&.2/,/$.&%^$8+(.%+0(.+]&+3$$O+(1+/,,-&,+$^+^/.(.0/(3+,-,1(/.(7/E3/1S+ 1P$-*P+ /,,-&,+ $^+ ,$0/(3+ ,-,1(/.(7/3/1S‚+ ]P&&$.0&+&E*$2&.(.0&+P(,+7&&.+(00&#1&%+7S+0$""-./E1/&,8+ 1P&+ #$0&,,+ $^+ ^/.(.0/(3+ ,-,1(/.(7/3/1S+ ]/33+ 7&1(O&.+0(&+$^)+63&(3S+1P&,&+#$3(/1/&,+.&&%+1$+7&+&E0$.0/3&%+(.%+$.&+]/33+.&&%+1$+7(3(.0&+/,,-&,+$^+^/.(.E0/(3+,-,1(/.(7/3/1S+(.%+,$0/(3+T-,1/0&+(.%+&h-/1S) !"XP&+^/.(3+0P(33&.*&+0$"&,+]/1P+1P&+-31/"(1&+$7ET&01/2&+$^+&E*$2&.(.0&c+]P&&+0/1/d&.,+0(.+-,&+&E*$E2&.(.0&+ 1$+ %&0/%&+ 1P&+ #3(../.*+ (.%+ /"#3&"&.1/.*#$0&,,+ /.+ %&2&3$#"&.1+ "&(.1+ ^$+ 1P&")+ a$]+ %$&,$.&+0$.0&#1-(3/,&+0/1/d&.+#(1/0/#(1/$.+/.+#$3/0S+#3(.E./.*+ (.%+ /"#3&"&.1(1/$.)+XP/,+ /,+ (.+ /"#$1(.1+ h-&,E <:C
  • 102. 1/$.+]P/0P+]/33+P(2&+1$+7&+(.,]&&%+/.+$%&+1$+&(3/,&1P&+1-&+#$1&.1/(3+$^+&E*$2&.(.0&) XP-,8+/1+]$-3%+,-^^/0&+1$+,(S+1P(1+]P/3&+1P&+,0$#&+^$&E*$2&.(.0&+ /.+ $-+ 0$-.1S+ /,+ P-*&8+ /1+ .&&%,+ 1$+ 7&0$.0&#1-(3/d&%+ (.%+ &U&0-1&%+ /.+ (+ ](S+ ]P/0P+ ]/33(33$]+^$+0/1/d&.+#(1/0/#(1/$.+/.+1P&+&.1/&+&U&0/,&8+,$1P(1+1P&+7&.&^/1,+$^+&E*$2&.(.0&+0(.+&(0P+1P&+"(UE/"-"+.-"7&+$^+#&$#3&8+#&$#3&+]P$+.&&%+/1+1P&+"$,1)+ 6#"&-21#") >6X,8+1P&+](S+1P&S+(&+-.%&,1$$%8+0$.0&#1-(3/d&%(.%+#&,$.(3/d&%+(&+"-31/E^$3%)+a$]&2&8+^$"+(+%&E2&3$#/.*+0$-.1S+0$.1&U18+>6X,+P(2&+1&"&.%$-,+#$E1&.1/(3+(.%+"-,1+7&+-,&%+/.+](S,+]P/0P+]/33+7&.&^/1+1P&#$$&,1+$^+1P&+#$$)+4$+1P(1+1$+P(##&.8+1P&,&+(##3/0(E1/$.,+ "-,1+ 7&+ .&,1&%+ /.+ %&0&.1(3/d&%+ *$2&.(.0&#$0&,,&,+(.%+1P&+#&$#3&+]P$+(&+*$/.*+1$+1P&+^/.(3-,&,+ ,P$-3%+ 7&+ (01/2&3S+ /.2$32&%+ /.+ 1P&+ 0$.0&#1-(3E/d(1/$.8+#3(../.*+(.%+&U&0-1/$.+#$0&,,)+<:D
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  • 105. I&,%&+ (h-&33$,+ 1/&"#$,+ "/+ 2/%(+ ,/*-/5+ &2$3-0/$E.(.%$+ 0$.+ 3(+ 1&0.$3$*b(8+ S+ (-.h-&+ 3(+ T-2&.1-%+ ,&#/&%&+ S+ .$+ 1&.&"$,+ &3+ &"#-T&+ ($33(%$+ %&+ &.1$.E0&,8+ "-0P(,+ #&,$.(,8+ 0$"$+ S$+ "/,"$8+ P&"$,+ ,&E*-/%$+1(7(T(.%$+&.+#$+%&+-.(+1&0.$3$*b(+&,#$.,(E73&+S+#$1&.0/(%$() A$+,&+1(1(+%&+0&(+#((+-.$,+#&,$.(T&,+h-&+,-E#-&,1("&.1&+,$.+q#&^&01$,r8+,/.$+%&+(%(#1(+3(+1&0E.$3$*b(8+ 0$"$+ P&("/&.1(+ h-&+ &,8+ (3+ -,$+ %&+ 1$%(,3(,+#&,$.(,) ?/+ #((+ (3*-/&.+ h-&+ (#/&1(+ -.+ 7$15.+ S+ $71/&.&+ 3(,-7/%(+$+7(T(%(+%&+-.(+#&,/(.(+&,1$+#-&%&+,&+-.3-T$8+#((+-.(+#&,$.(+&.+,/33(+%&+-&%(,+S+0$.+"$2/E3/%(%+&%-0/%(8+#-&%&+,&+-.$+%&+3$,+^(01$&,+%&+3(+%/E^&&.0/(+&.1&+,&+$+.$+,&+/.%&#&.%/&.1&) K&$+,&*-/"$,+&(00/$.(.%$+S+0$.,1-S&.%$+/*-(3h-&+&.+&3+#(,(%$8+#&.,(.%$+&.+-.(,+0$.%/0/$.&,+%&2/%(+ 5#1/"(,8+ $+ ,/"#3&"&.1&+ ,/.+ #&.,(8+ %&+ ^$"(h-&+&(3/d("$,+%/,&M$,+(+2&0&,+0(,/+/"#$,/73&,) i!,+^l0/3+1&03&(+&.+-.+"52/3_+63($+h-&+.$c+-.(+%&3(,+2&%(%&,+!#$h-&+.$+P(S+(d$.&,+(7,$3-1(,! h-&,&+&.0/&(.+%&1l,+%&3+"/,1&/$+%&+3$,+#$0$+&*$.5E"/0$,+ 1&03(%$,+ %&+ 3$,+ "52/3&,+ &,+ 3(+ .&0&,/%(%8+ 0&E(%(+#$+3$,+^(7/0(.1&,8+%&+&(3/d(+&h-/#$,+0(%(+2&d"l,+ #&h-&M$,)+ j -.(+ %&+ 3(,+ 0$.1(%/00/$.&,+ "l,*(.%&,+ &,1l+ &.+ &3+ P&0P$+ %&+ h-&8+ (3+ P(7&+ 1&./%$1(.1(+(0$*/%(+&3+?L?8+VU/1$+.$+&,#&(%$+#$+./.*n.q*-nr+P(0&+(#&.(,+<H+(M$,8+,&+P-7/&$.+%&+,/1-(3(,+3&1(,+&.+3(,+1&03(,) <<<
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  • 107. (S-%(.+&.+0/-*b(+S+$1(,+0-&,1/$.&,+%&3+l"7/1$+%&+3(,(3-%+S+&3+7/&.&,1() g.(+ 2&d+ "l,+ !S+ .$,+ &#&1/"$,+ 0$"$+ P-"(.$,h-&+ ,$"$,! 3(+ 1&0.$3$*b(+ ,&#((+ S+ P(0&+ "l,+ *(.E%&,+3(,+%/^&&.0/(,+&.1&+/0$,+S+#$7&,) J&T$, &,1(7(+S$+%&+,(7&+&.+<;DG+h-&+&,1(+&2$3-0/5.h-&+ %&,0/7$+ "&+ 33&2(b(+ (+ /.2/1(+ (+ #&,$.(,+ %&+ "/"/,"(+/%&$3$*b(+1&0.$35*/0(+(+^$"(+#(1&+%&+-.+&h-/E#$+"(%-$+#&$+/3-,/$.(%$+&.+#$+%&+-.(+1&0.$3$*b(+%&-,$+ ,$0/(3+ 0$.+ "(Sn,0-3(,B+ %&+ ^$"(+ 3(+ 4-.%(0/5.X&0.$3$*b(+?$0/(3+Q4X?R8+P11#BNN]]])^1,)$*)&,+ a$S+,$"$,+&(3/%(%c+-.(+&(3/%(%+(n.+#&h-&M(+S&0/&.1&)+ K&$+ 1(.1$+ 3(+ *&.1&+ h-&+ 1(7(T(+ 0$%$+ 0$.0$%$+0$."/*$8+0$"$+S$+"/,"$8+"(.1&.&"$,+(h-&33(^-&d(+h-&+%(+&3+0&&+h-&8+(+#&,(+%&+h-&+3(,+0$,(,1/&.%&.+(+.$+0("7/(+S+(+&#&1/,&8+3(+/./0/(1/2(+,$0/(3&,+-.+^(01$+h-&+,&+#&0/,(+&.+3(+&2$3-0/5.)+ 6/&1("&.1&+&,+.&0&,(/$+#$.&+3(,+/%&(,+(3+,&2/E0/$+%&+3(,+#&,$.(,8+S+&.+&3+0(,$+%&+3(+1&0.$3$*b(8+&,#&0/,$+ h-&+ ,&(.+ V,1(,8+ 3(,+ #&,$.(,8+ 3(,+ h-&+ %&0/E%(.+0$.T-.1("&.1&+0$.+3$,+%/,&M(%$&,+h-V+&,+S+h-V.$+3$+h-&+h-/&&.+-,() !,+ P$(+ S(+ %&+ h-&+ 3(+ 1&0.$3$*b(+ #$1&.0/&+ %&+ 2&E%(%+(+3(,+#&,$.(,+S+(0&h-&+(+3(,+%/2&,(,+0-31-(,S+&3/*/$.&,8+1&.%/&.%$+(+-.+"-.%$+"l,+#3-(38+"l,V1/0$8+ "l,+ P-"(.$8+ "l,+ /.1&*(%$+ S8+ %&,%&+ 3-&*$8"l,+3/"#/$8+&.+&3+h-&+2/2/+,&(+3$+/"#$1(.1&+S+&.+&3h-&+3(,+#&,$.(,+S+3(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+%&+^$"(+0$.T-.1((#$1&.+"&T$(,+0$.,1(.1&,+&.+3(+0(3/%(%+%&+2/%() <<`
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