Present simple

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how to form present simple and when to use it

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Present simple

  1. 1. She reads a book every day
  2. 2. AFFIRMATIVE: READ I YOU SHE HE IT WE YOU THEY READ READS READ
  3. 3. 1. In general, the third person singular (HE, SHE, IT) is formed by adding an s to the verb. work He works 2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “es” to the third person singular. dress fix watch wash go She dresses He fixes She watches T.V. She washes It goes ! 3. Verbs ending in consonant + y, changes the y to i and add “es” Consonant + y  i + es: cry – cries, fly – flies, terrify terrifies
  4. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. push sneeze glorify annoy kiss deny marry        pushes sneezes glorifies annoys kisses denies marries
  5. 5. DOES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR? YES, HE DOES
  6. 6. INTERROGATIVE: WORK DO DOES DO I YOU SHE HE IT WE YOU THEY WORK? WORK? WORK?
  7. 7. HE DOESN’T PLAY FOOTBALL, HE PLAYS TENNIS
  8. 8. NEGATIVE: PLAY I YOU SHE HE IT WE YOU THEY DO NOT DON’T PLAY DOES NOT DOESN’T PLAY DO NOT DON’T PLAY
  9. 9. 1. Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptions. Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0º
  10. 10. 2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitual actions). A frequency adverb is often used. They usually watch TV after dinner
  11. 11. 3. Opinions, likes and feelings. She likes dancing
  12. 12. TIME EXPRESSIONS: FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. HE NORMALLY COOKS PASTA OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS: EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. MUSICIANS SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS

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